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Medical Ethnomusicology and the Ontology of Oneness

Benjamin D Koen

in Beyond the Roof of the World: Music, Prayer, and Healing in the Pamir Mountains

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195367744
eISBN:
9780199867295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367744.003.0001
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

Chapter 1 sets a new paradigm of research and applied practice based on the ontology of oneness; introduces medical ethnomusicology; lays a foundation for the study of music, health, and healing ... More


Dynamic Templates for Neuroplasticity in the Striatum

Ann M. Graybiel

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter contends that the effects of dopamine can be viewed from the perspective of a dynamic molecular modulator of functional connectivity across the linkages that make up the brain's ... More


The Development of Self-Regulation: A Neuropsychological Perspective

Marianne Hrabok and Kimberly A. Kerns

in Self- and Social-Regulation: Exploring the Relations Between Social Interaction, Social Understanding, and the Development of Executive Functions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195327694
eISBN:
9780199776962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327694.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter begins with discussion of some of the definitional and conceptual issues relevant to executive function (EF) from a neuropsychological perspective. This is followed by a discussion of ... More


Bernard W. Agranoff

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography Volume 6

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380101
eISBN:
9780199864362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380101.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents an autobiography of neuroscientist Bernard W. Agranoff. Agranoff initially became known for his elucidation of the enzymatic synthesis of inositol lipids via the liponucleotide ... More


The Hippocampus in Major Depression

Glenda M. MacQueen and Thomas Frodl

in The Clinical Neurobiology of the Hippocampus: An integrative view

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592388
eISBN:
9780199949922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592388.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is characterized by one or more episodes of major depression and the absence of episodes of mania or hypomania. A major depressive episode is characterized by at least ... More


Dynamic Communication and Connectivity in Frontal Networks

Bradley Voytek and Robert T. Knight

in Mind and the Frontal Lobes: Cognition, Behavior, and Brain Imaging

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199791569
eISBN:
9780199919215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791569.003.0028
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The brain is a dynamic, growing, changing organ consisting of many interconnected brain regions that communicate to give rise to a unified sense of self and cognition. The prefrontal cortex plays a ... More


The History of a Brain Wound: Alexander Luria and the Dialectics of Soviet Plasticity

Hannah Proctor and Laura Salisbury

in Plasticity and Pathology: On the Formation of the Neural Subject

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823266135
eISBN:
9780823266975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823266135.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter first discusses the Sublieutenant L. Zasetsky who, in 1943, received a devastating bullet wound that penetrated his brain and created, in an instant, a revolution of the self. Zasetsky ... More


Automaticity, Plasticity, and the Deviant Origins of Artificial Intelligence

David Bates

in Plasticity and Pathology: On the Formation of the Neural Subject

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823266135
eISBN:
9780823266975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823266135.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter returns to the historical and conceptual foundations of the digital brain itself, arguing that the construction of a plastic computational machine at the dawn of the digital age entailed ... More


On How Adult Cerebral Plasticity Research Has Decoupled Pathology from Death

Tobias Rees

in Plasticity and Pathology: On the Formation of the Neural Subject

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823266135
eISBN:
9780823266975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823266135.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter first focuses on Alain Prochiantz, professor at the École Normale Supérieure, and his lab’s efforts to think about the adult human brain in embryogenetic terms. It then covers the ... More


The Adaptable Mind: What Neuroplasticity and Neural Reuse tells us about Language and Cognition

John Zerilli

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780190067885
eISBN:
9780190067915
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190067885.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

What conception of mental architecture can survive the evidence of neuroplasticity and neural reuse in the human brain? In particular, what sorts of modules are compatible with this evidence? This ... More


Biochemical plasticity

James W. Fawcett, Anne E. Rosser, and Stephen B. Dunnett

in Brain Damage, Brain Repair

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523376
eISBN:
9780191724534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523376.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Many events can alter the neurotransmitter phenotype of central nervous system (CNS) neurones. For instance, most neurones down-regulate their neurotransmitters and the enzymes that make them after ... More


Concluding discussion

Risto Näätänen, Teija Kujala, and Gregory Light

in The Mismatch Negativity: A Window to the Brain

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198705079
eISBN:
9780191874192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198705079.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter looks at potential common underlying factors linking MMN/MMNm deficiency to the broad range of heterogeneous clinical conditions outlined in the book. Several promising clinical ... More


Representational Cortex in Musicians

C. Pantev, A. Englien, V. Candia, and T. Elbert

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter hypothesizes that musical aptitude and the training to fulfill it may be associated with plastic changes of neuronal representations in the cortical organization. It specifically ... More


Summing Up

John Zerilli

in The Adaptable Mind: What Neuroplasticity and Neural Reuse tells us about Language and Cognition

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780190067885
eISBN:
9780190067915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190067885.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

No one denies the brain’s intricacy of structure and function. The debate has always been over what form this complexity takes. The most influential answer to this question for over 60 years—and the ... More


Are There Medications for Slowing Disease Progression?

J. Eric Ahlskog

in Dementia with Lewy Body and Parkinson's Disease Patients: Patient, Family, and Clinician Working Together for Better Outcomes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199977567
eISBN:
9780197563342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199977567.003.0007
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Neurology

If diagnosed with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) or Parkinson’s disease, one would naturally want to do everything possible to halt or at least slow the ... More


Is Mindfulness Effective?

Wakoh Shannon Hickey

in Mind Cure: How Meditation Became Medicine

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190864248
eISBN:
9780190864279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190864248.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Buddhism

This chapter asks whether mindfulness is as broadly effective and powerful as proponents claim and considers methodological and other critiques of clinical research on mindfulness. Neuroscientists ... More


Science: Claims and Evidence of Health Benefits and Adverse Effects

Candy Gunther Brown

in Debating Yoga and Mindfulness in Public Schools: Reforming Secular Education or Reestablishing Religion?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469648484
eISBN:
9781469648507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469648484.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Chapter 12 contextualizes scientific claims about health benefits and considers evidence of adverse effects. The chapter argues that scientific support for school-based yoga, mindfulness, and ... More


The Workshop of the Brain

Jean-Didier Vincent and Laurence Garey

in The Custom-Made Brain: Cerebral Plasticity, Regeneration, and Enhancement

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164504
eISBN:
9780231534215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164504.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the neuroplasticity of the brain, focusing specifically on the reproduction of new neurons among adults. Neuroplasticity refers to changes in neural pathways and synapses due ... More


Mattering: Feminism, Science, and Corporeal Politics

Victoria pitts-taylor

in Mattering: Feminism, Science, and Materialism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781479833498
eISBN:
9781479842308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479833498.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter situates feminist work on matter and mattering in its larger intellectual and biopolitical context, and also highlight some of the endogenous concerns feminists bring to the ... More


Neurophysiological Correlates of Cortical Plasticity in the Normal and Diseased Human Brain

Rossini Paolo Maria and Melgari Jean-Marc

in Cerebral Plasticity: New Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015233
eISBN:
9780262295444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015233.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter is concerned with the results of studies performed with neurophysiological techniques. Their integration with flow/metabolic methods constitutes, at present, the best way to evaluate ... More


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