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Signaling Molecules: The First Neurotransmitters in the Brain

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter details early studies on signal molecules between nerve cells that mediate behavior. The key signal molecules for these functions are neurotransmitters, neuropeptides, internal second ... More


Shigetada Nakanishi

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography Volume 6

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380101
eISBN:
9780199864362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380101.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents an autobiography of Shigetada Nakanishi. Nakanishi's early studies elucidated the characteristic precursor architectures of various neuropeptides and vasoactive peptides by ... More


Leslie L. Iversen

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography Volume 6

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380101
eISBN:
9780199864362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380101.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents an autobiography of Leslie L. Iversen. Iversen has been at the forefront of research on neurotransmitters and neuropeptides and understanding the mode of action of CNS drugs. He ... More


Sex Differences in Affiliative Behavior and Social Bonding

Larry J. Young and C. Sue Carter

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter discusses the neurobiology of affiliative behavior and social bonding in prairie voles using the monogamous prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster) as a model system. It focuses on the roles ... More


Sympathetic Preganglionic Neurons

Ida J. Llewellyn-Smith

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Sympathetic preganglionic neurons in the lateral horn of the spinal cord are the source of sympathetic outflow to the periphery and the final site for integration of information that arises from ... More


Parasympathetic Preganglionic Neurons

David Jordan

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Parasympathetic preganglionic neurons, which have cell bodies in the brainstem and spinal cord, are the source of all parasympathetic outflow. Consequently, these neurons are important sites for ... More


Peptidergic mechanisms in human intracranial and extracranial arteries

Lars Edvinsson, Inger Jansen, and Rolf Uddman

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Migraine attacks are conventionally thought to involve a dysfunction in the regulation of tone in intra- and extracranial blood vessels. A number of agents have been suggested as responsible for the ... More


Properties of regenerated nociceptor afferents

Lisney S.J.W.

in Neurobiology of Nociceptors

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523345
eISBN:
9780191724527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523345.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

nociceptive afferents are involved in much more than simply transmitting information about noxious events occurring in the periphery to the central nervous system (CNS). Neuropeptides released from ... More


Physiology and pathophysiology of cough

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0021
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines the physiology and pathophysiology of cough. It explains that cough is an essential variable reflex that protects the respiratory tract and which involves many muscle groups to ... More


Social neuropeptides in the human brain: Oxytocin and social behavior

Markus Heinrichs, Frances S. Chen, and Gregor Domes

in Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199692972
eISBN:
9780191758515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692972.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The neuropeptide oxytocin plays a central role in mammalian social behaviour and cognition. In humans, oxytocin contributes to the motivation and ability to understand the minds of others through ... More


Neural and Evolutionary Perspectives on Empathy

C. Sue Carter, James Harri, and Stephen W. Porges

in The Social Neuroscience of Empathy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012973
eISBN:
9780262255295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012973.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter focuses on autonomic and neuroendocrine processes that underlie social behaviors and emotional states, including those that are believed to reflect empathy in humans. Empathy has been ... More


Perspective—The Origin Of Vertebrate Neural Organization

Thurston Lacalli

in Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199682201
eISBN:
9780191813436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682201.003.0055
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The closest invertebrate relatives of vertebrates have brains that are smaller and organizationally much simpler that those of vertebrates, but there are similarities in basic architecture from which ... More


Chemists Who Work in Academia

Jeannette E. Brown

in African American Women Chemists in the Modern Era

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190615178
eISBN:
9780197559673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190615178.003.0007
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

Etta Gravely (Fig. 3.1) is a retired professor of chemistry and former head of the Department of Chemistry at North Carolina A&T State University at Greensboro (North Carolina A&T). Etta was born ... More


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