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Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Roger Traub, MD and Miles Whittington, PhD

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This book reviews a number of clinical neuropsychiatric conditions in which brain oscillations play an essential role. It discusses how the intrinsic properties of neurons, and the interactions ... More


Cortical attractor dynamics and connectivity, stochasticity, psychiatric disorders, and aging

Edmund T. Rolls

in Brain Computations: What and How

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198871101
eISBN:
9780191914157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198871101.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

In this chapter we consider how the operation of attractor networks in the brain is influenced by noise in the brain produced by the random firing times of neurons for a given mean firing rate; how ... More


The hippocampus and memory

Edmund T. Rolls and Alessandro Treves

in Neural Networks and Brain Function

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524328
eISBN:
9780191724466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524328.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter shows how it is becoming possible to link quantitative neuronal network approaches to other techniques in neuroscience to develop quantitative theories about how brain systems involved ... More


Introduction

Edmund T. Rolls

in Computational Neuroscience of Vision

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524885
eISBN:
9780191689277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524885.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

The introduction discusses the coverage of this book, which is about the computational neuroscience of vision. It introduces some of the background for understanding brain computation and discusses ... More


Error-correcting networks: perceptrons, the delta rule, backpropagation of error in multilayer networks, and reinforcement learning algorithms

Edmund T. Rolls and Alessandro Treves

in Neural Networks and Brain Function

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524328
eISBN:
9780191724466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524328.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter describes the so-called error-correcting neural networks that are capable of mapping a set of inputs to a set of required outputs using correction when errors are made. These networks do ... More


Introduction

Edmund T. Rolls

in Brain Computations: What and How

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198871101
eISBN:
9780191914157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198871101.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

An introduction is provided to neurons; computation by biologically plausible networks of neurons; the representation of information in the brain; the functions of different brain areas; and the ... More


Pattern association memory

Edmund T. Rolls and Alessandro Treves

in Neural Networks and Brain Function

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524328
eISBN:
9780191724466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524328.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the fundamental operation involved in pattern association memory. It provides a diagram showing the essential elements necessary for pattern association, forming what could be ... More


Conclusion: The future of dendrite research

Michael Häusser, Nelson Spruston, and Greg Stuart

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566564
eISBN:
9780191724206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566564.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Despite tremendous progress, the most exciting times in dendrite research lie ahead of us. Much of the knowledge we have accumulated to date has been descriptive. Although we have amassed a detailed ... More


How many Music Centres are in the Brain?

Eckart O. Altenmüller

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter presents a longitudinal experiment that compares the effects of procedural vs explicit music teaching on brain networks. It shows that cortical activation during music processing ... More


What Are the Brain Mechanisms Underlying Syntactic Operations?

Fedor Anna, Pléh Csaba, Brauer Jens, Caplan David, Friederici Angela D., Gulyás Balázs, Hagoort Peter, Nazir Tatjana, and Singer Wolf

in Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013567
eISBN:
9780262258586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013567.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter examines the neuronal mechanisms underlying syntactic structure and processing. In order to elucidate the neurobiology of syntax, it looks at syntactic encoding in language production. ... More


Consciousness

Lenn E. Goodman and D. Gregory Caramenico

in Coming to Mind: The Soul and Its Body

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226061061
eISBN:
9780226061238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226061238.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Long considered a mystery and still an object of worry among philosophers and neuroscientists for its stubborn refusal to die or just lie down and allow its own reduction to “objective” – third ... More


Anticipating the garden path: The horse raced past the barn ate the cake

Gerry T. M. Altmann

in Language Down the Garden Path: The Cognitive and Biological Basis for Linguistic Structures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199677139
eISBN:
9780191756368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677139.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter starts by reviewing the literature on the architecture of the parser that arose from the sentence The horse raced past the barn fell. The author points out how research on ambiguity ... More


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