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Molecular Biology of the Neuron

R. Wayne Davies and Brian Morris

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198509981
eISBN:
9780191723810
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509981.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Neurons are arguably the most complex of all cells. From the action of these cells comes movement, thought, and consciousness. It is a challenging task to understand what molecules direct the various ... More


Mature neurons: Signal transduction-serine/threonine kinases

Renata Zippel, Simona Baldassa, and Emmapaola Sturani

in Molecular Biology of the Neuron

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198509981
eISBN:
9780191723810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509981.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter describes some of the principal classes of Ser/Thr kinases relevant for neuronal function mainly considering their role in mature neurons rather than during neuronal development. It ... More


Intracellular Calcium Control Mechanisms in Glia

Maria Luisa Cotrina and Maiken Nedergaard

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

Glial cells rely on calcium ions to display a large variety of signaling capabilities inside the cell and among neighboring cells. These calcium activities are key to regulating not only the growth ... More


Molecular cascades in learning

Motoy Kuno

in The Synapse: Function, Plasticity, and Neurotrophism

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198546870
eISBN:
9780191724350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198546870.003.0113
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Learning is behavioural modification resulting from experience. Since all behaviour reflects actions of the nervous system, behavioural modification must result from changes in the behaviour of the ... More


Ampa/kainate receptors

Nicole L. Stricker and Richard L. Huganir

in Receptor and Ion-Channel Trafficking: Cell Biology of Ligand-Gated and Voltage-Sensitive Ion Channels

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632241
eISBN:
9780191724763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632241.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The three major types of ionotropic glutamate receptors are the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDAR), α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic acid (AMPAR), and kainate (KAR) receptors. AM PARs and ... More


Dendritic integration

Nelson Spruston, Greg Stuart, and Michael Häusser

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566564
eISBN:
9780191724206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566564.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The essence of neuronal function is to generate outputs, usually in the form of action potentials, in response to inputs, in the form of synaptic potentials. The morphology and membrane properties of ... More


Local translation in dendrites

Irena Vlatkovic and Erin M. Schuman

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198745273
eISBN:
9780191819735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745273.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Neurons are unique among cells with their highly polarized and elaborate dendritic and axonal arbors. Synapses, the sites of communication, are located from microns up to a meter from the cell body ... More


Dendrites

Greg Stuart, Nelson Spruston, and Michael Häusser (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566564
eISBN:
9780191724206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566564.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Dendrites form the major receiving part of neurons. It is within these highly complex, branching structures that the real work of the nervous system takes place. The dendrites of neurons receive ... More


Periaxonal ion regulation in the squid

Y. Pichon, N. Joan Abbott, E. R. Brown, Isao Inoue, and Patricia A. Revest

in Cephalopod Neurobiology: Neuroscience Studies in Squid, Octopus and Cuttlefish

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547907
eISBN:
9780191724299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547907.003.0156
Subject:
Neuroscience, Invertebrate Neurobiology

In the majority of animal groups, axons release K+ and take up Na+ during action potential production, with a tendency for an accumulation of K+ and depletion of Na+ in the narrow extracellular ... More


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