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Coding and representation

Alessandro Treves, Anthony R. McIntosh, Endel Tulving, and Misha Tsodyks

in Science of Memory: Concepts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310443
eISBN:
9780199865321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310443.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This part presents four chapters on the concept of coding and representation. The first chapter focuses on the online coding and representation of information by means of neuronal activity. The ... More


Brain energy metabolism and the physiological basis of the haemodynamic response

Albert Gjedde

in Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging: An Introduction to Methods

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192630711
eISBN:
9780191724770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630711.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

. This chapter emphasizes the general principles of brain metabolism and the haemodynamic response to neuronal activity. The precise mechanisms responsible for the links between brain energy ... More


Output functions of the motor cortex

Robert Porter and Roger Lemon

in Corticospinal Function and Voluntary Movement

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523758
eISBN:
9780191724404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523758.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter intends to describe the general observations that have been made on neurones in the precentral motor area of the cerebral cortex and then to examines the specific relationships which ... More


Timing structures' neuronal activity during preparation for action

Bjørg Elisabeth Kilavik and Alexa Riehle

in Attention and Time

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199563456
eISBN:
9780191701863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563456.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines different ways in which timing and probability affect neuronal activity in motor tasks. It describes neuronal data from the motor cortex and analyses the spiking activity of ... More


The Prefrontal Cortex: Executive and Cognitive Functions

A. C. Roberts, T. W. Robbins, and L. Weiskrantz (eds)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524410
eISBN:
9780191689192
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524410.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The role of the prefrontal cortex is one of the most topical and important areas of research in contemporary neuropsychology. This cortical region appears to be linked with executive processes ... More


Electroencephalographic characteristics during motor imagery

Christa Neuper and Gert Pfurtscheller

in The neurophysiological foundations of mental and motor imagery

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199546251
eISBN:
9780191701412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546251.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter describes and illustrates the electroencephalographic changes following motor imagery practice. Specifically, it considers the ... More


Is Half a Loaf Worse than No Bread?: The Role of Normal and Abnormal Patterns of Neuronal Activity in the Development of the Visual System

Barbara Chapman

in Cerebral Plasticity: New Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015233
eISBN:
9780262295444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015233.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter explains the importance of normal and abnormal patterns of neuronal activity in the development of the visual system. It reveals that altering cause patterns of retinal activity can ... More


Mapping memories in the medial temporal lobe: contributions from single-neuron recordings in patients with epilepsy

Indre V. Viskontas

in Epilepsy and Memory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580286
eISBN:
9780191739408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580286.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

The medial temporal lobe (MTL) plays a central role in declarative memory. While the cytoarchitecture of the hippocampus, in particular, dominates neuroanatomical memory models, the manner by which ... More


Molecular determinants of dendrite and spine development

Franck Polleux, Anirvan Ghosh, and Wesley B. Grueber

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198745273
eISBN:
9780191819735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745273.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Information processing in neurons is critically dependent on dendritic morphology. The overall extent and orientation of dendrites determines the kinds of input a neuron receives. Fine dendritic ... More


Single Vestibular Unit Recordings in the Alert Cat during Active and Passive Head Movements

James H. Fuller

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0044
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Recordings of single neurons in conscious animals started over three decades ago. In unrestrained animals, this activity was documented extracellularly and the recorded neuron was referred to as a ... More


Magnetoencephalography Source Estimation: Transforming the Sensor-Level Signals to Estimates of Brain Activity

Matti S. Hämäläinen

in Fifty Years of Magnetoencephalography: Beginnings, Technical Advances, and Applications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190935689
eISBN:
9780190935719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190935689.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, History of Neuroscience

This chapter describes the source estimation approaches to magnetoencephalography (MEG) analysis. Both MEG and electroencephalography (EEG) are measures of ongoing neuronal activity, and are ... More


Drawing parallels between the behavioural and neural properties of navigation

Bruno Poucet, Pierre-Pascal Lenck-Santini, and Etienne Save

in The Neurobiology of Spatial Behaviour

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198515241
eISBN:
9780191687914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515241.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter explores the evidence that the place cell representation may underlie navigational behaviour. It also deals with a correlational approach, reviewing data in which spatial information has ... More


Inhibition in the Cortical Network

Larry S. Benardo and Robert K. S. Wong

in The Cortical Neuron

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195083309
eISBN:
9780199847464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083309.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Neuronal activity in the brain is regulated by a balance between excitatory and inhibitory influences. Population stability requires that GABAergic inhibition be temporally poised to exercise a ... More


Single neurons, communal goals, and consciousness

HORACE BARLOW

in Cognition, Computation, and Consciousness

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524144
eISBN:
9780191689147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524144.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The ability to communicate fluently with others is surely the direct and obvious result of humans being conscious. This chapter is divided into three parts. The first explains how far one can get in ... More


Attributing Psychological Properties to Brain Profiles

Jerome Kagan

in Five Constraints on Predicting Behavior

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036528
eISBN:
9780262341349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036528.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the constraints of attributing psychological properties to brain profiles. The constraint on the validity of inferences based on one source of evidence bears directly on the ... More


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