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Terje Lømo

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography: Volume 7

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195396133
eISBN:
9780199918409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Terje Lømo discovered long term potentiation (LTP) and with Tim Bliss did the first systematic study of LTP. Lømo discovered that evoked muscle impulse activity per se controlled the properties of ... More


Neuromuscular transmission

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The connection between motoneuronal axons and skeletal muscle fibres (neuromuscular junction, NMJ) shares basic characteristics with many excitatory chemical synapses inside the central nervous ... More


Neurotrophic regulation at developing synapses

Motoy Kuno

in The Synapse: Function, Plasticity, and Neurotrophism

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198546870
eISBN:
9780191724350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198546870.003.0157
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The synthesis of target-derived neurotrophic factors presumably is triggered by neuron–target contacts, when the terminals of growing neurones arrive in their target field. Developmental changes at ... More


Targeting of acetylcholine receptors to the postsynaptic endplate of the nerve–muscle synapse

Sheridan L. Swope

in Receptor and Ion-Channel Trafficking: Cell Biology of Ligand-Gated and Voltage-Sensitive Ion Channels

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632241
eISBN:
9780191724763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632241.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Synaptic transmission is dependent on the precise juxtaposition of the presynaptic nerve terminal with a localized high density of neurotransmitter receptors in the postsynaptic cell. For decades, ... More


Cortical Synaptic Transmission: An Overview

Charles F. Stevens

in The Cortical Neuron

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195083309
eISBN:
9780199847464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083309.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

A microliter of brain contains approximately a billion synapses, about two-thirds of which are excitatory. Clearly synapses are vital because the brain uses so many of them, but their close packing ... More


Chemical Transmission at Synapses (1945–1965)

Joseph D. Robinson

in Mechanisms of Synaptic Transmission: Bridging the Gaps (1890-1990)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195137613
eISBN:
9780199848164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137613.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter discusses advances in identifying chemical transmission across synapses from 1945 to 1965. John C. Eccles dominated synaptic physiology before this period, first defending electrical ... More


. Chemical Transmission at Synapses (1895–1945)

Joseph D. Robinson

in Mechanisms of Synaptic Transmission: Bridging the Gaps (1890-1990)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195137613
eISBN:
9780199848164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137613.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter describes early evidence for chemical transmission in the autonomic nervous system, at neuromuscular junctions, and in the central nervous system. Chemical transmission in the autonomic ... More


Activation of NMDA receptors

A. J. GIBB, B. EDMONDS, R. A. SILVER, S. G. CULL-CANDY, and D. COLQUHOUN

in The NMDA Receptor

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192625021
eISBN:
9780191724701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192625021.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Understanding the processes occurring during receptor activation is of fundamental importance to pharmacology, and activation of receptors such as the NMDA receptor, which have an integral membrane ... More


Skin and Bones—and Muscle Too

Kenneth Douglas

in Bioprinting: To Make Ourselves Anew

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780190943547
eISBN:
9780197558164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190943547.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

Abstract: This chapter recounts bioprinting studies of skin, bone, skeletal muscle, and neuromuscular junctions. The chapter begins with a study of bioprinted skin designed to enable the creation of ... More


The Membrane Equation

Christof Koch

in Biophysics of Computation: Information Processing in Single Neurons

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195104912
eISBN:
9780197562338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195139853.003.0007
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

Any physical or biophysical mechanism instantiating an information processing system that needs to survive in the real world must obey several constraints: (1) it must operate at high speeds, (2) ... More


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