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Why bother about motoneurones?

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This brief chapter provides a general introduction for the rest of the book. Motoneurones are defined and the general layout of the neuromuscular system is described. Motoneurones offer great ... More


Neuromuscular transmission

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The connection between motoneuronal axons and skeletal muscle fibres (neuromuscular junction, NMJ) shares basic characteristics with many excitatory chemical synapses inside the central nervous ... More


Beyond Neurotransmission: Neuromodulation and its Importance for Information Processing

Paul Katz (ed.)

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524243
eISBN:
9780191724435
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524243.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

There are many modes of communication that neurons use to transmit information besides what has come to be called neurotransmission. Many of these other types of communication can be classified as ... More


Short-term plasticity: fatigue and potentiation

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The functional properties of neurones, synapses, and muscles often change as a result of preceding use. In the short term (minutes to hours), such changes are typically rather rapidly reversible and ... More


Synapse formation: a molecular perspective

Joshua R. Sanes and Richard H. Scheller

in Molecular and Cellular Approaches to Neural Development

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195111668
eISBN:
9780199865833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111668.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This chapter reviews recent molecular analyses of neuromuscular synaptogenesis, focusing on vertebrate synapses. It summarizes the extensive histological and electrophysiological studies have provide ... More


Chapter 5

Rakesh Tandon (ed.)

in Structured Oral Examination Practice for the Final FRCA

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199584017
eISBN:
9780191917950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199584017.003.0011
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine


Chapter 8

Rakesh Tandon (ed.)

in Structured Oral Examination Practice for the Final FRCA

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199584017
eISBN:
9780191917950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199584017.003.0014
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine


Sleep and neurological disorders

D.A. Cohen and A. Roy

in Sleep, Health and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199566594
eISBN:
9780191595066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

While sleep affects the functioning of multiple organ systems, it is fundamentally a neurological process. This chapter provides a conceptual framework for understanding the reciprocal interactions ... More


Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Sam H. Ahmedzai, David R. Baldwin, and David C. Currow (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Respiratory symptoms such as breathlessness and cough are common in patients with advancing and incurable disease. For example, cancer, chronic cardiac and pulmonary disease, progressive ... More


Restorative Neurology of Motor Control after Spinal Cord Injury: Clinical Practice

Keith Tansey, Meta M Dimitrijevic, Winfried Mayr, Manfred Bijak, and Milan R Dimitrijevic

in Restorative Neurology of Spinal Cord Injury

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199746507
eISBN:
9780199918768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746507.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses how established procedures using physiotherapy, neuromuscular and peripheral nerve stimulation, and spinal cord stimulation can be used as restorative procedures. It describes ... More


Animal Spirit in Action

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the changes and elaboration of the animal spirit doctrine by the foremost biomedical thinkers of the 18th century. It reviews Georg Ernst Stahl's animistic ideas, which were ... More


Non-Spiritual Physiology II:: Irritable Fibers

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter is concerned with the fast development of the notion of irritability during the 18th century. This developed through the envisioning of various sensitive-motive “principles” found within ... More


Invasive and Non-Invasive Ventilation

Caroline Patterson and Meg Coleman

in Revision Notes for the Respiratory Medicine Specialty Certificate Examination

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199693481
eISBN:
9780191918407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199693481.003.0017
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine


Best of Five Answers

Caroline Patterson and Meg Coleman

in Revision Notes for the Respiratory Medicine Specialty Certificate Examination

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199693481
eISBN:
9780191918407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199693481.003.0020
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine


BCI Applications for the General Population

Benjamin Blankertz, Michael Tangermann, and Klaus-Robert Müller

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter addresses brain-computer interface (BCI) applications for the general population (i.e., applications that are not specifically intended for people who are disabled). These nonmedical ... More


Terje Lømo

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography: Volume 7

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195396133
eISBN:
9780199918409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Terje Lømo discovered long term potentiation (LTP) and with Tim Bliss did the first systematic study of LTP. Lømo discovered that evoked muscle impulse activity per se controlled the properties of ... More


Evidence for Locomotor Training

Susan J. Harkema, Andrea L. Behrman, and Hugues Barbeau

in Locomotor Training: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195342086
eISBN:
9780199897063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342086.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Techniques

This chapter presents locomotor training as an emerging rehabilitation intervention for recovery of function after neurologic injury or disease and the physiological basis and scientific evidence ... More


The Neuromuscular Junction

Alan J. McComas

in Galvani’s Spark: The Story of the Nerve Impulse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199751754
eISBN:
9780199897094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751754.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Eccles, having returned to Australia from Oxford, is appointed Director of a pathology institute in Sydney, and sets up neurophysiology laboratories there. To assist him, he first recruits Stephen ... More


Activation of NMDA receptors

A. J. GIBB, B. EDMONDS, R. A. SILVER, S. G. CULL-CANDY, and D. COLQUHOUN

in The NMDA Receptor

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192625021
eISBN:
9780191724701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192625021.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Understanding the processes occurring during receptor activation is of fundamental importance to pharmacology, and activation of receptors such as the NMDA receptor, which have an integral membrane ... More


Organization of cephalopod chromatophore systems: a neuromuscular image-generator

Andrew Packard

in Cephalopod Neurobiology: Neuroscience Studies in Squid, Octopus and Cuttlefish

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547907
eISBN:
9780191724299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547907.003.0226
Subject:
Neuroscience, Invertebrate Neurobiology

Chromatophores are pigmented brightness contrast elements that generate visual information by differential expansion against a pale background. This chapter illustrates the special contribution that ... More


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