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 Neurosurgery, Psychosurgery, and Neurostimulation

Walter Glannon

in Bioethics and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195307788
eISBN:
9780199867431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307788.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines different forms of neurosurgery, psychosurgery, and neurostimulation for neurological and psychiatric disorders. It discusses the weighing of benefits and risks in determining ... More


Neurological Models

Bryan Kolb

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0042
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter examines some of the most well-developed models of human neurological disorders that involve the cerebral hemispheres. It discusses cortical organization in rats and models of ... More


Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Evian Gordon, MD, PhD and Stephen Koslow, PhD (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Key thoughts leaders and practitioners in personalized medicine distil its current status, future directions, and recommendation for successful implementation of for brain disorders. This text is a ... More


Dopamine Handbook

Leslie Iversen, Susan Iversen, Stephen Dunnett, and Anders Bjorklund (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

The discovery of dopamine in 1957-8 was one of the seminal events in the development of modern neuroscience, and has been extremely important for the development of modern therapies of neurological ... More


Pharmacological management: With Roger Barker

James W. Fawcett, Anne E. Rosser, and Stephen B. Dunnett

in Brain Damage, Brain Repair

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523376
eISBN:
9780191724534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523376.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Many neurological disorders lead in the long term to disability through dysfunction of various parts of the nervous system. This chapter discusses drug therapies and transplantation related to ... More


Palliative Medicine: A case-based manual

Doreen Oneschuk, Neil Hagen, and Neil MacDonald (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199694143
eISBN:
9780191739255
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694143.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Palliative care is now an integral part of the undergraduate medical curriculum. Medical education across the board is adopting a case-based approach. This book uses a series of cases to illustrate ... More


Older Adults With Neurological Problems Without Significant Dementia

Gladys GonzáLez-Ramos

in Handbook of Social Work in Health and Aging

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195173727
eISBN:
9780199893218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173727.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter covers two of the most prevalent neurological disorders, Parkinson's disease (PD) and multiple sclerosis (MS). Although both diseases typically can be quite debilitating and impact a ... More


Too many tears…

Ad Vingerhoets

in Why Only Humans Weep: Unravelling the mysteries of tears

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198570240
eISBN:
9780191744723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570240.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter specifically focuses on brain disorders and crying. A significant minority of patients with brain disorders (e.g., stroke, dementia, MS, ALS, etc.) suffers from what is called ... More


Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Jill B. Becker, Karen J. Berkley, Nori Geary, Elizabeth Hampson, James P. Herman, and Elizabeth Young (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Sex is a fundamentally important biological variable. Recent years have seen significant progress in the integration of sex in many aspects of basic and clinical research, including analyses of sex ... More


Cardiac interoception in neurological conditions and its relevance for dimensional approaches

Adrián Yoris, Adolfo M. García, Paula Celeste Salamone, Lucas Sedeño, Indira García-Cordero, and Agustín Ibáñez

in The Interoceptive Mind: From Homeostasis to Awareness

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198811930
eISBN:
9780191850080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811930.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Dimensional and transdiagnostic approaches have revealed multiple cognitive/emotional alterations shared by several neuropsychiatric conditions. While this has been shown for externally triggered ... More


Voltage-gated ion channels in axons: Localization, function, and development

STEPHEN G. WAXMAN

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the molecular architecture of the cell membrane of mammalian axons. It focuses on the distribution and development of voltage-gated ion channels, their roles in axonal ... More


Orienting and Placing

Tim Schallert and Martin T. Woodlee

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter describes behavioral tests that have been useful for examining the potential clinical efficacy of interventions that might be beneficial for neurological disorders. It is important to ... More


Neural disorders of language and movement: evidence from American Sign Language

David P. Corina

in Gesture, Speech, and Sign

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524519
eISBN:
9780191689215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524519.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides an overview of three neurological disorders affecting sign language use and serves to illustrate how knowledge of the structure of sign languages can be instrumental in ... More


Inconsistency in response time as an indicator of cognitive aging

David F. Hultsch, Michael A. Hunter, Stuart W. S. MacDonald, and Esther Strauss

in Measuring the Mind: Speed, control, and age

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566427
eISBN:
9780191693588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566427.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers the proposition that intraindividual variability in speed of performance is a useful indicator of cognitive ageing. It reviews recent research that examines both group ... More


Crying and health

Ad Vingerhoets

in Why Only Humans Weep: Unravelling the mysteries of tears

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198570240
eISBN:
9780191744723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570240.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter discusses the different ways in which crying and health may be connected. Whereas in the popular media, the attention is in particular on the question if crying is healthy, or, if the ... More


Cannabinoids and the Brain

Linda A. Parker

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035798
eISBN:
9780262338448
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035798.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

Cannabinoids and the Brain introduces an informed general audience to the scientific discovery of the endocannabinoid system and recent preclinical research that explains its importance in brain ... More


Neuroepidemiology: From principles to practice

Lorene M. Nelson, Caroline M. Tanner, Stephen Van Den Eeden, and Valarie M. McGuire (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133790
eISBN:
9780199863730
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133790.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book provides the foundation for conducting rigorous epidemiologic and clinical research on neurologic disorders. The book has three parts, each emphasizing the unique aspects of studying ... More


Disabled Bodies in Early Modern Spanish Literature: Prostitutes, Aging Women and Saints

Encarnación Juárez-Almendros

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781786940780
eISBN:
9781786945013
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781786940780.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The book examines, from the perspective of feminist disability theories, the concepts and role of women in selected Spanish discourses and literary texts from the late fifteenth to seventeenth ... More


Music and the Neurologist: A Historical Perspective

John C. M. Brust

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter provides a historical perspective of music and the neurologist. Neurological disorders affecting musical function can produce either positive or negative symptoms. It starts by ... More


The Mismatch Negativity: A Window to the Brain

Risto Näätänen, Teija Kujala, and Gregory Light

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198705079
eISBN:
9780191874192
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198705079.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This book introduces the electrophysiological change-detection response of the brain called the mismatch negativity (MMN). MMN is elicited by any discriminable change in some repetitive aspect of ... More


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