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Adult Neurogenesis, Neuroinflammation, and Therapeutic Potential of Adult Neural Stem Cells

Philippe Taupin

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Contrary to a long-held dogma, neurogenesis occurs throughout adulthood in mammals, including humans. Neurogenesis occurs primarily in two regions of the adult brain, the hippocampus and the ... More


Breathlessness in neurological disease

Fliss Murtagh, Rachel Burman, and Polly Edmonds

in Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

While some aspects of breathlessness in neurological disease are common to various neurological diseases, some aspects are specific to particular ones. This chapter therefore addresses the ... More


Using mouse genetics to study neuronal development and function

Harald Jockusch and Thomas Schmitt-John

in Molecular Biology of the Neuron

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198509981
eISBN:
9780191723810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509981.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter briefly outlines the methods available for the genetic analysis and manipulation of the mouse, and then illustrates their application to neurobiology by selected examples. It argues that ... More


Glutamate and Glutamate Receptors in Neurological Diseases

ROBERT BALÁZS, RICHARD J. BRIDGES, and CARL W. COTMAN

in Excitatory Amino Acid Transmission in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195150025
eISBN:
9780199865079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150025.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Although glutamate (Glu) normally functions as a neurotransmitter, excess Glu can be harmful and can cause cells to degenerate. Glutamate can cause neuronal cell death by a mechanism referred to as ... More


Chronic neurological diseases

Andrew Davies and Ilora Finlay

in Oral Care in Advanced Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192632432
eISBN:
9780191730375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632432.003.0017
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Patients with advanced chronic neurological diseases are commonly faced with oral problems. These problems in oral health have a great impact on the quality of life of this group of patients. This ... More


Jean-Martin Charcot: Clinical Neurology Comes of Age

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

During the first half of the 19th century, most neurological diseases were categorized on the basis of a single feature, such as a paralysis or a tremor. Labeling and classifying neurological ... More


Autobiographical Disorders

ESTHER FUJIWARA and HANS J. MARKOWITSCH

in The Lost Self: Pathologies of the Brain and Identity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195173413
eISBN:
9780199865758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173413.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Disturbances of autobiographical memory can result from organic pathologies such as focal brain lesions and neurodegenerative diseases that affect brain areas critical for autobiographical memory ... More


Cytokines and neurodegeneration

Nancy Rothwell, Sarah Loddick, and Catherine Lawrence

in Immune Responses in the Nervous System

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781872748795
eISBN:
9780191724381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9781872748795.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Cytokine is the term used to describe a large and expanding group or family of polypeptides which can be synthesized by most cell types, and influence numerous biological processes. Recent research ... More


Excitatory Amino Acid Transmission in Health and Disease

Robert Balazs, Richard J. Bridges, and Carl W. Cotman

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195150025
eISBN:
9780199865079
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150025.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This book provides a comprehensive, easy-to-read survey of excitatory amino acids and synaptic transmission. It begins with descriptions of the structure, function, and pharmacology of both the ... More


Introduction

David J. Price and David J. Willshaw

in Mechanisms of Cortical Development

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780192624277
eISBN:
9780191723735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624277.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Life on Earth began several billion years ago. The cerebral cortex of mammals probably arose from the primordial cortex of amphibians and reptiles some 300 million years ago. The evolution of the ... More


Disorders of Volition from Neurological Disease: Altered Awareness of Action in Neurological Disorders

James B. Rowe and Noham Wolpe

in The Sense of Agency

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780190267278
eISBN:
9780190267308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190267278.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

The ability to act voluntarily is fundamentally important to humans, yet it can be impaired by many neurological conditions. These can lead to several disorders of volition, affecting the control of ... More


Biologics and the Human Brain

Jonathan Kimmelman

in Neuroethics in Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195389784
eISBN:
9780199979233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389784.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Biologic based approaches offer a promising set of strategies for intervening in brain function and disease. However, their development and application is beset by a series of ethical challenges. ... More


Sleep and Neurological Disorders

Daniel A. Cohen and Asim Roy

in Sleep, Health, and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198778240
eISBN:
9780191823756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198778240.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Scientific investigation of the relationships between sleep and neurological disorders is at a relatively early stage. Damage to the nervous system or impaired neural development can cause a wide ... More


Autonomic Regulation of the Urinary Bladder and Urethra

William C. de Groat

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Storage and elimination of urine is dependent upon the coordinated activity of two functional units in the lower urinary tract: (1) the urinary bladder and (2) the urethra. These structures are in ... More


Mechanisms of Synaptic Transmission: Bridging the Gaps (1890-1990)

Joseph D. Robinson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195137613
eISBN:
9780199848164
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137613.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This book describes a century of research on how nerve cells communicate with one another, beginning with the formulation of the Neuron Theory and proceeding through studies embracing a broad range ... More


Rehabilitation of cognitive disorders

Stefano F. Cappa

in Cognitive Neurology: A clinical textbook

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198569275
eISBN:
9780191724213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569275.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Many different rehabilitation approaches have been suggested for the treatment of cognitive disorders due to neurological diseases. Two main types of rationale have been applied to the rehabilitation ... More


Pathological Changes in Performance Monitoring

Ellen R. A. de Bruijn and Markus Ullsperger

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the pathological changes in performance monitoring. It describes the impairments of performance-monitoring functions in selected neurological and psychiatric diseases and ... More


The role of inhibition in the motor control of finger function

Christian Gerloff and Friedhelm Hummel

in Music, Motor Control and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199298723
eISBN:
9780191700903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298723.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

Successful music performance requires adequate contextual control of behaviour, that is, the retrieval and non-retrieval, or inhibition, of learned actions. This chapter describes recent advances in ... More


What Can We Learn About Art from People with Neurological Disease?

Anjan Chatterjee

in Brain, Beauty, and Art: Essays Bringing Neuroaesthetics into Focus

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780197513620
eISBN:
9780197513651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197513620.003.0030
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Investigation of people with neurological illnesses has been a central approach to understanding the neurobiology of cognitive systems like language, attention, emotions, and decision-making. Yet ... More


Modulation of Synaptic NMDA Receptors in Striatal Medium Spiny Neurons by Endogenous Dopamine

Partridge John G. and Vicini Stefano

in Cerebral Plasticity: New Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015233
eISBN:
9780262295444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015233.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter investigates the modulation of synaptic N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in striatal medium spiny neurons by the presence of endogenous dopamine. It demonstrates that an interaction ... More


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