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Impossible Languages

Andrea Moro

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034890
eISBN:
9780262335621
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034890.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Understanding the nature and the structure of human language coincides with capturing the constraints which make a conceivable language possible or, equivalently, with discovering whether there can ... More


Concepts in the Brain: The View From Cross-linguistic Diversity

David Kemmerer

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190682620
eISBN:
9780190682651
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190682620.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

For most native English speakers, the meanings of words like “blue,” “cup,” “stumble,” and “carve” seem quite natural. Research in semantic typology has shown, however, that they are far from ... More


The Phonetics and Phonology of Geminate Consonants

Haruo Kubozono (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198754930
eISBN:
9780191816420
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198754930.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

Geminate consonants, also known as long consonants, appear in many languages in the world, and how they contrast with their short counterparts, or singletons (e.g. /tt/ vs. /t/), is an important ... More


Theories of humor and their levels

Salvatore Attardo

in The Linguistics of Humor: An Introduction

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198791270
eISBN:
9780191833717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791270.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

There are three major families of theories of humor: humor as release, humor as aggression, and humor as incongruity. They are reviewed along with neurolinguistic approaches, evolutionary theories of ... More


The Boundaries of Babel

Andrea Moro

in Impossible Languages

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034890
eISBN:
9780262335621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034890.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

One of the major discoveries of modern linguistics is that languages do not vary arbitrarily: for example, all syntactic rules must be based on hierarchical structure generated by recursive procedure ... More


Measuring Grammatical Complexity

Frederick J. Newmeyer and Laurel B. Preston (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199685301
eISBN:
9780191765476
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685301.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This book collects Work presented at a workshop entitled ‘Formal Linguistics and the Measurement of Grammatical Complexity’, held in Seattle, WA, USA on March 23–24, 2012. Each chapter takes on the ... More


Minimalist parsing

Robert C. Berwick and Edward P. Stabler

in Minimalist Parsing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198795087
eISBN:
9780191836459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795087.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Computational Linguistics

Studies of parsing inspired by the Minimalist Program have various goals. They flesh out and unify proposals in syntax; they define properties of fundamental structure-building mechanisms; and they ... More


A Cognitive Approach to Good Writing

Geoffrey J. Huck

in What Is Good Writing?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780190212957
eISBN:
9780190212971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190212957.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Chapter 2 details the problems that standard writing assessment tools have with validity and reliability as a result of teaching to the test and grading to the instruction. “Good writing” is defined ... More


Gender from Latin to Romance: A reconstruction

Michele Loporcaro

in Gender from Latin to Romance: History, Geography, Typology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199656547
eISBN:
9780191848100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199656547.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Capitalizing on the above, the chapter proposes a comprehensive reconstruction of the Latin–Romance transition, for grammatical gender. This is tackled from different perspectives. On the controller ... More


Computational complexity in the brain

Cristiano Chesi and Andrea Moro

in Measuring Grammatical Complexity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199685301
eISBN:
9780191765476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685301.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter has two goals. First, it discusses how formal grammars and equivalent automata can be used to formulate explicit metrics measuring the degree of complexity of natural languages. Second, ... More


Looking for a ‘Gold Standard’ to measure language complexity: what psycholinguistics and neurolinguistics can (and cannot) offer to formal linguistics

Lise Menn and Cecily Jill Duffield

in Measuring Grammatical Complexity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199685301
eISBN:
9780191765476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685301.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Proposed complexity measures for a language as a whole should be validated against a ‘gold standard’, i.e. against measures of the sorts of utterances that are harder or easier for humans to ... More


Degrees of complexity in syntax: a view from evolution

Ljiljana Progovac

in Measuring Grammatical Complexity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199685301
eISBN:
9780191765476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685301.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

In stark contrast to the mainstream Chomskyan view, this chapter argues that there is ample room for a syntactic system with only short (and flat) sentences, both in language evolution and in ... More


Underneath the Lampposts

Michael A. Arbib

in How the Brain Got Language: The Mirror System Hypothesis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199896684
eISBN:
9780190256159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199896684.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that problem of language evolution is not a box to be opened with a single key but a puzzle of many pieces. To put that puzzle together, we need the illumination from many ... More


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