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Bird Brains, Social Contact, and Song

Jay Schulkin

in Reflections on the Musical Mind: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157443
eISBN:
9781400849031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157443.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the evolution of bird brain, social contact, and birdsong. Communicative capabilities are widespread, whether in song or through other forms of intimate social contact. One ... More


Polysialic acid in adult brain plasticity

Abderrahman El Maarouf and Urs Rutishauser

in Neuroglycobiology: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525387
eISBN:
9780191723872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525387.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter summarizes the findings on polysialic acid function in the adult brain. In particular, the roles of polysialic acid elucidated by analysis of NCAM knockout mice are described, together ... More


Structural Plasticity

Gould Elizabeth

in The Hippocampus Book

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195100273
eISBN:
9780199864133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100273.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter begins by discussing the types of structural plasticity in the hippocampal formation and then focuses on the evidence revealing that new neurons are formed in the dentate gyrus ... More


The Role of Neurogenic Astroglial Cells in the Developing and Adult Central Nervous System

Stephen C. Noctor, Lidija Ivic, Verónica Martínez-Cerdeño, and Arnold R. Kriegstein

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter focuses on the role of neurogenic astroglial cells in the development of the central nervous system (CNS). Recent findings have elucidated a more complex role for astroglial cells in the ... More


Adult Neurogenesis, Neuroinflammation, and Therapeutic Potential of Adult Neural Stem Cells

Philippe Taupin

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Contrary to a long-held dogma, neurogenesis occurs throughout adulthood in mammals, including humans. Neurogenesis occurs primarily in two regions of the adult brain, the hippocampus and the ... More


Glutamatergic Signaling In Neurogenesis

Noritaka Nakamichi and Yukio Yoneda

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter summarizes recent studies on the functional expression of ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs) and metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) by neural progenitor cells isolated from ... More


Brain Inflammation and the Neuronal Fate: from Neurogenesis to Neurodegeneration

Maria Antonietta Ajmone-Cat, Emanuele Cacci, and Luisa Minghetti

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Inflammation is a self-defensive reaction that may develop into a chronic state and become a causative factor in the pathogenesis of a broad range of disabling diseases. Similar to peripheral ... More


Adult Hippocampal Neurogenesis: Functional Implications of a ‘New’ Type of Plasticity

Alexander Garthe and Gerd Kempermann

in The Clinical Neurobiology of the Hippocampus: An integrative view

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592388
eISBN:
9780199949922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592388.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

Adult hippocampal neurogenesis has changed our view on the adult mammalian brain by adding a new kind of neuroplasticity with strong implications for cognition and behaviour of older mammals. Because ... More


On How Adult Cerebral Plasticity Research Has Decoupled Pathology from Death

Tobias Rees

in Plasticity and Pathology: On the Formation of the Neural Subject

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823266135
eISBN:
9780823266975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823266135.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter first focuses on Alain Prochiantz, professor at the École Normale Supérieure, and his lab’s efforts to think about the adult human brain in embryogenetic terms. It then covers the ... More


Making Brain Paths to Agile Thinking, Part 2: Direct Experimental Evidence

Wilma Koutstaal

in The Agile Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195367188
eISBN:
9780199918232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367188.003.0073
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter first explores extensive experimental work that has been carried out on “environmental enrichment” with nonhuman animals, which has been fundamental in establishing causal connections ... More


Developmental origins of astrocytes

James E. Goldman

in Glial Cell Development: basic principles and clinical relevance

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781872748542
eISBN:
9780191724367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9781872748542.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Our knowledge of specific molecular and physiological characteristics of astrocytes has increased tremendously in recent years. This chapter focuses on the origins of astrocytes and the lineage ... More


Brain Aromatase and Neuroprotection in Mammals

Iñigo Azcoitia, Maria Angeles Arevalo, and Luis Miguel Garcia-Segura

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Recent studies suggest that, at least under neurodegenerative conditions, local brain formation of estradiol by the enzyme aromatase is an endogenous neuroprotective mechanism. This chapter reviews ... More


Limited neurogenesis in the adult cortex

Edmund T. Rolls

in Cerebral Cortex: Principles of Operation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198784852
eISBN:
9780191836299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784852.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

The dentate gyrus input to hippocampal CA3 performs pattern separation of the inputs before CA3 to help achieve the relatively uncorrelated representations that help to achieve high memory capacity ... More


Expression, Regulation, and Potential Functions of Aromatase in Radial Glial Cells of the Fish Brain

Elisabeth Pellegrini, Colette Vaillant, Nicolas Diotel, Pascal Benquet, François Brion, and Olivier Kah

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Brain aromatase in fish is an exciting research topic because of several unconventional features that challenge the established view based on studies in other vertebrates. First, the brain of teleost ... More


Running and the Brain: Neurogenesis

Jay Schulkin

in Sport: A Biological, Philosophical, and Cultural Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231176767
eISBN:
9780231541978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231176767.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Begins with some of the conditions that set the stage for the act of running, and then look at neurogenesis, brain expansion, and longer-term consequences of running within a context of specific ... More


Plasticity

Victor W. Mark

in The Roots of Cognitive Neuroscience: Behavioral Neurology and Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780195395549
eISBN:
9780199369201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395549.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Neuropsychology

Until recent years, the prevailing view had been that the central nervous system of the adult mammal was incapable of enduringly changing in either its physiology or structure in reaction to ... More


Mollusca: Cephalopoda

Tim Wollesen

in Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199682201
eISBN:
9780191813436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682201.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Recent cephalopods are a comparatively small molluscan group with body plans that considerably differ from those of their molluscan allies. Coleoids, i.e. all cephalopods but nautiluses, exhibit ... More


Onychophora

Georg Mayer

in Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199682201
eISBN:
9780191813436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682201.003.0032
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Onychophorans, or velvet worms, are soft-bodied, terrestrial invertebrates that inhabit tropical and temperate forests of the southern hemisphere and around the equator, where they are mainly found ... More


Pycnogonida (Pantopoda)

Georg Brenneis

in Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199682201
eISBN:
9780191813436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682201.003.0035
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Pycnogonids (sea spiders) are marine arthropods, which are most plausibly placed within chelicerates, as sister group to all other taxa. This chapter gives a brief overview of pycnogonid morphology ... More


Myriapoda

Andy Sombke and Jörg Rosenberg

in Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199682201
eISBN:
9780191813436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682201.003.0039
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Myriapoda, comprising Chilopoda, Diplopoda, Symphyla, and Pauropoda, are multi-legged obligate terrestrial arthropods. Although they have a worldwide distribution and can occur in large quantities, ... More


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