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Principles of Synthetic Intelligence PSI: An Architecture of Motivated Cognition

Joscha Bach

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195370676
eISBN:
9780199870721
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370676.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Although computational models of cognition have become very popular, these models are relatively limited in their coverage of cognition—they usually only emphasize problem solving and reasoning, or ... More


Spiking

Pierluigi Frisco

in Computing with Cells: Advances in Membrane Computing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542864
eISBN:
9780191715679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542864.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

Spiking neural P systems are the subject of this chapter. They were inspired by a very specific kind of cell: neurons, and their method of operation mimics the functioning of these ... More


Neuroethics in education

Kimberly Sheridan, Elena Zinchenko, and Howard Gardner

in Neuroethics: Defining the issues in theory, practice, and policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567219
eISBN:
9780191724084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567219.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter argues that, in the coming years, educators and the general public will look increasingly to discoveries from the neurosciences for insights into how best to educate young people. It ... More


Systems, Mind, and Magic

Ariel Glucklich

in The End of Magic

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195108798
eISBN:
9780199853434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108798.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Phenomenology and system theory are the foundations of the “magical experience.” They offer a way out of the body/mind impasse. Magic, taken as an experience rather than as a doctrine, is the very ... More


Neuroimaging in Levodopa-Induced Dyskinesia

Shigeki Hirano

in Imaging in Parkinson’s Disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393484
eISBN:
9780199914494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393484.003.0105
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Techniques

The pathophysiology of levodopa-induced dyskinesias (LID) is complex and cannot be explained by a single factor. PET imaging has provided novel insights into the understanding of this common side ... More


Management of Primary Brain Tumours

Neil G. Burnet, V. Ramesh Bulusu, and Sarah J. Jefferies

in Palliative Care Consultations in Primary and Metastatic Brain Tumours

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198528074
eISBN:
9780191730382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528074.003.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Neuro-oncology is the most difficult area for patients, family, and staff. Of all cancers, gliomas are one of the most devastating cancers, and which posit unique problems and challenges. Primary ... More


Practical application of the visual evoked potential in paediatric neuro-ophthalmology

Patricia Apkarian

in Infant Vision

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523161
eISBN:
9780191724558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523161.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The impetus to study visual ontogenesis and the corresponding plethora of developmental studies have resulted in major advances in our knowledge of the relationship between various aspects of visual ... More


What neuro-robotic models can teach us about neural and cognitive development

Olaf Sporns

in Neuroconstructivism Volume Two: Perspectives and Prospects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529934
eISBN:
9780191689727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529934.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter highlights the importance of biologically plausible mechanisms in developing robot models. It also argues for the importance of robotic models that are controlled by artificial neural ... More


The Concept of Mind

Michael S. Pardo and Dennis Patterson

in Minds, Brains, and Law: The Conceptual Foundations of Law and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199812134
eISBN:
9780199368594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812134.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Medical Law

This chapter examines issues that illustrate the importance of conceptions of “mind” in the debates over how to think about the role of neuroscience in law. It discusses the explanatory strategy of ... More


Private Crime, Public Madness

Étienne Balibar

in Citizen Subject: Foundations for Philosophical Anthropology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780823273607
eISBN:
9780823273652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823273607.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter attempts to clarify the questions raised by the relations between madness and justice, with reference to the heritage of the French Revolution. It also assesses the distinction between ... More


Epilogue: Reading Organisms in the Age of Neuroscience

Jason Tougaw

in The Elusive Brain: Literary Experiments in the Age of Neuroscience

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780300221176
eISBN:
9780300235609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300221176.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

In the epilogue, Tougaw asks, “What does it mean to read as a human organism?” The epilogue surveys recent accounts in “Neuro-Lit-Crit,” emphasizing fledgling attempts to bridge the humanities and ... More


Mind over Matter: Brain-Machine Interfaces

Jose M. Carmena and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0026
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The neuroscientist and engineer, Jose M. Carmona begins this dialogue describing research in the field of brain-machine interface (BMI) and neurotechnology led by his own laboratory in UC Berkley. He ... More


The Spiritual Nervous System: Reflections on a Magnetic Cord Designed for Spirit Communication

Jeremy Stolow

in Deus in Machina: Religion, Technology, and the Things in Between

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780823249800
eISBN:
9780823252480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823249800.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter documents the development of a nineteenth-century American Spiritualist technology for communicating with the dead, first proposed by Andrew Jackson Davis in 1853. The chapter situates ... More


A New School, A New Crisis

Paul Gionfriddo

in Losing Tim: How Our Health and Education Systems Failed My Son with Schizophrenia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168281
eISBN:
9780231537155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168281.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

This chapter focuses on the events surrounding Tim's transfer to his new school. The school staff at the new school made adjustments based on Tim's Individualized Education Program (IEP), resulting ... More


Designing cerebral cities

Jessica Pykett

in Brain culture: Shaping policy through neuroscience

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781447314042
eISBN:
9781447314073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447314042.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter explores the knowledge and practices associated with the new field of neuro-architecture. This novel interdisciplinary approach integrates the established tradition of environmental ... More


Teaching the learning brain

Jessica Pykett

in Brain culture: Shaping policy through neuroscience

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781447314042
eISBN:
9781447314073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447314042.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter investigates neuroeducation and brain-based teaching models. These practices have been subject to considerable public debate regarding the controversies of ‘smart drugs’ or fish oils ... More


Distress and disability: not you, not me, but us?

Peter Beresford

in Madness, distress and the politics of disablement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781447314578
eISBN:
9781447314608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447314578.003.0018
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

The relationship between distress and disability has continued to be a vexed and controversial one. These tensions extend between conceptualizations, internal and external definitions, cultures and ... More


Science and Faith

Andrew Steane

in Faithful to Science: The Role of Science in Religion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198716044
eISBN:
9780191784286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716044.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The nature of science is discussed at length. We take issue with the idea that science is naturally opposed to faith, in its mindset and ambience. Physics was developed to a significant extent by ... More


Look How Far We Have Come: A Bit of Consilience in Elucidating the Role of Caregivers in Relationship to their Developing Primate Infants and Children

James J. McKenna

in Ancestral Landscapes in Human Evolution: Culture, Childrearing and Social Wellbeing

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199964253
eISBN:
9780199366828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199964253.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

By virtue of more problem driven rather than discipline driven, integrated research methods and theories both anthropologists and psychologists are elucidating the neuro-hormonal processes underlying ... More


Implantable hearing interfaces

Torsten Lehmann and André van Schaik

in Living machines: A handbook of research in biomimetics and biohybrid systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199674923
eISBN:
9780191842702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199674923.003.0054
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

The chapter Implantable hearing interfaces describes the fundamental operation of a commonly available biohybrid system, the cochlear implant, or bionic ear. This neuro-stimulating biomedical implant ... More


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