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A Neurological Framework

Mary Coleman

in The Neurology of Autism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182224
eISBN:
9780199786701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182224.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the components of the impaired neural networks that might underlie the presentation of autistic symptoms. Topics covered include the neural network models of autism, central ... More


Computational Modeling of Infant Concept Learning: The Developmental Shift from Features to Correlations

Thomas R. Shultz

in Infant Perception and Cognition: Recent Advances, Emerging Theories, and Future Directions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195366709
eISBN:
9780199863969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366709.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Vision

This chapter concerns the computational modeling of one of Les Cohen's most important discoveries in infant information processing—the developmental shift from learning about visual stimulus features ... More


Models and mechanisms of visual masking: a selective review and comparison

Bruno G. Breitmeyer and Haluk ÖĞmen

in Visual Masking: Time slices through conscious and unconscious vision

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198530671
eISBN:
9780191728204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530671.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents models and mechanisms of masking according to five distinguishing characteristics: (i) models based on spatiotemporal response sequences; (ii) models adopting some version of an ... More


Neuroconstructivism Volume Two: Perspectives and Prospects

Denis Mareschal, Sylvain Sirois, Gert Westermann, and Mark H. Johnson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529934
eISBN:
9780191689727
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529934.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

What are the processes, from conception to adulthood, that enable a single cell to grow into a sentient adult? The processes that occur along the way are so complex that any attempt to understand ... More


Functional Architecture of the Cognit

Joaquín M. Fuster

in Cortex and Mind: Unifying Cognition

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195300840
eISBN:
9780199863655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300840.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter examines the structural characteristics of a cognit, that is, the morphological feature of the cognitive networks of the cerebral cortex. Knowledge about oneself and the environment is ... More


Temporal binding and the neural correlates of consciousness

Andreas K. Engel

in The Unity of Consciousness: Binding, Integration, and Dissociation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508571
eISBN:
9780191687358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508571.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter aims to contribute to the ongoing debate about the neural correlates of consciousness from the viewpoint of a particular experimental approach: the study of distributed neuronal ... More


Conclusion: the future of neuroconstructivism

Mark H. Johnson and Denis Mareschal

in Neuroconstructivism Volume Two: Perspectives and Prospects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529934
eISBN:
9780191689727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529934.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In the final chapter of Volume 1 of Neuroconstructivism, the most exciting implications, both theoretical and practical, of the neuroconstructivist approach were laid out. Among these were several ... More


Models of Cognitive Control in Task Switching

James A. Grange and George Houghton (eds)

in Task Switching and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199921959
eISBN:
9780190256210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199921959.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the efforts of theorists in developing and testing formal (i.e. not purely verbal) models of cognitive control during task switching. First, it provides an overview of the ... More


Essays in Nonlinear Time Series Econometrics

Niels Haldrup, Mika Meitz, and Pentti Saikkonen (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199679959
eISBN:
9780191760136
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679959.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This book is a collection of 14 original research articles presented at the conference Nonlinear Time Series Econometrics that was held in Ebeltoft, Denmark, in June 2012. The conference gathered ... More


Tonal Cognition

Carol L. Krumhansl and Petri Toiviainen

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter presents a self-organizing map (SOM) neural network model of tonality based on experimentally quantified tonal hierarchies. A toroidal representation of key distances is recovered in ... More


Change of Intention in “Picking” Situations

Ariel Furstenberg, Leon Y. Deouell, and Haim Sompolinsky

in Surrounding Free Will: Philosophy, Psychology, Neuroscience

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199333950
eISBN:
9780199393848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333950.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

Cases in which an agent has to select between alternatives that make no difference to him/her are termed picking type selections. This chapter analyzes the mechanism that makes a picking selection ... More


The Decision-Making Engine

Thomas Boraud

in How the Brain Makes Decisions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198824367
eISBN:
9780191863202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824367.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter presents an upgrade of the neural network by implementing the reward prediction error. It then compares the final product with the actor-critic model and discusses the similarities and ... More


Exploring Robotic Minds: Actions, Symbols, and Consciousness as Self-Organizing Dynamic Phenomena

Jun Tani

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190281069
eISBN:
9780190281083
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190281069.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

How do “minds” work? In Exploring Robotic Minds: Actions, Symbols, and Consciousness as Self-Organizing Dynamic Phenomena, Professor Jun Tani reviews key experiments within his own pioneering ... More


Reflecting on Max Boisot’s Ashby Space Applied to Complexity Management

Bill McKelvey

in Knowledge, Organization, and Management: Building on the Work of Max Boisot

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199669165
eISBN:
9780191749346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669165.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

I had the most papers with Max. Working with him was like mating a tiger with an elephant: hard work but the offspring are very creative! The offspring? The Foresight chapter uses our updating of ... More


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