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A Neurological Framework

Mary Coleman

in The Neurology of Autism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182224
eISBN:
9780199786701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182224.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the components of the impaired neural networks that might underlie the presentation of autistic symptoms. Topics covered include the neural network models of autism, central ... More


Contextual Modulations of Visual Receptive Fields: A Bayesian Perspective

Sophie Denève and Timm Lochmann

in Sensory Cue Integration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387247
eISBN:
9780199918379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387247.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter proposes a normative neural model of visual processing under the assumption that visual spiking neurons optimally detect the presence of independent objects in dynamic visual scenes. ... More


Models and mechanisms of visual masking: a selective review and comparison

Bruno G. Breitmeyer and Haluk ÖĞmen

in Visual Masking: Time slices through conscious and unconscious vision

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198530671
eISBN:
9780191728204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530671.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents models and mechanisms of masking according to five distinguishing characteristics: (i) models based on spatiotemporal response sequences; (ii) models adopting some version of an ... More


Neuroconstructivism Volume Two: Perspectives and Prospects

Denis Mareschal, Sylvain Sirois, Gert Westermann, and Mark H. Johnson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529934
eISBN:
9780191689727
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529934.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

What are the processes, from conception to adulthood, that enable a single cell to grow into a sentient adult? The processes that occur along the way are so complex that any attempt to understand ... More


Computational Modeling of Infant Concept Learning: The Developmental Shift from Features to Correlations

Thomas R. Shultz

in Infant Perception and Cognition: Recent Advances, Emerging Theories, and Future Directions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195366709
eISBN:
9780199863969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366709.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Vision

This chapter concerns the computational modeling of one of Les Cohen's most important discoveries in infant information processing—the developmental shift from learning about visual stimulus features ... More


A neural systems model of decision making in adolescents

Monique Ernst

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on a heuristic neural systems model of motivated behaviour. This model provides hypotheses for mechanisms underlying changes in behaviour across development and psychopathology. ... More


The V1 hypothesis—creating a bottom-up saliency map for preattentive selection and segmentation

Li Zhaoping

in Understanding Vision: Theory, Models, and Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199564668
eISBN:
9780191772504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564668.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter gives a full account of the theoretical development and experimental investigations of the hypothesis that the primary visual cortex (V1) creates a bottom-up saliency map to guide visual ... More


Introduction

Erik De Schutter

in Computational Modeling Methods for Neuroscientists

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013277
eISBN:
9780262258722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013277.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This book concentrates on data-driven modeling, i.e., the use of fairly standardized modeling methods to replicate the behavior of neural systems at different levels of detail. The chapters are ... More


Functional Architecture of the Cognit

Joaquín M. Fuster

in Cortex and Mind: Unifying Cognition

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195300840
eISBN:
9780199863655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300840.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter examines the structural characteristics of a cognit, that is, the morphological feature of the cognitive networks of the cerebral cortex. Knowledge about oneself and the environment is ... More


Action, Language, and Music: Events in Time and Models of the Brain

Michael A. Arbib, Paul F. M. J. Verschure, and Uwe Seifert

in Language, Music, and the Brain: A Mysterious Relationship

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262018104
eISBN:
9780262314121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018104.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Many accounts linking music and language to the brain represent the brain as a network of boxes, each of which has an active role in providing some resource, but once we move away from the auditory ... More


Connections in the Mind and Brain. The Biology of Dreaming. Networks in the Cerebral Cortex

Ernest Hartmann

in The Nature and Functions of Dreaming

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751778
eISBN:
9780199863419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751778.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Central to the present theory is the making of connections, guided by emotion. Chapter 7 examined making connections in a close-to-experience sense, and discussed connections in the sense of ... More


Future directions

Jos J. Eggermont

in The Neuroscience of Tinnitus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199605606
eISBN:
9780191741555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605606.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

Tinnitus research is making tremendous progress in both the understanding of mechanisms and in developing tinnitus management. Yet, we still do not know why only 2/3rd of people with hearing loss ... More


Memory for events and their spatial context: models and experiments

Neil Burgess, Suzanna Becker, John A. King, and John O'Keefe

in Episodic Memory: New Directions in Research

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508809
eISBN:
9780191687396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508809.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter starts with a brief review of what has become a generic framework for modelling the hippocampal and neocortical roles in long-term memory for personal experience, following from the work ... More


Temporal binding and the neural correlates of consciousness

Andreas K. Engel

in The Unity of Consciousness: Binding, Integration, and Dissociation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508571
eISBN:
9780191687358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508571.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter aims to contribute to the ongoing debate about the neural correlates of consciousness from the viewpoint of a particular experimental approach: the study of distributed neuronal ... More


Conclusion: the future of neuroconstructivism

Mark H. Johnson and Denis Mareschal

in Neuroconstructivism Volume Two: Perspectives and Prospects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529934
eISBN:
9780191689727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529934.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In the final chapter of Volume 1 of Neuroconstructivism, the most exciting implications, both theoretical and practical, of the neuroconstructivist approach were laid out. Among these were several ... More


Models of memory: the case of imprinting

Patrick Bateson

in Brain, Perception, Memory: Advances in Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524823
eISBN:
9780191689246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524823.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews recent tests of a neural net model of imprinting. The timing of imprinting, the features that most readily trigger learning, and the motor systems that are linked to ... More


What Is Functional Neuroimaging For?

Max Coltheart

in Foundational Issues in Human Brain Mapping

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014021
eISBN:
9780262265850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014021.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter focuses on the contribution and goals of functional neuroimaging. It presents a detailed discussion on the goals of functional neuroimaging, including neuroanatomical localization of ... More


Neural Mechanisms of Auditory Discrimination

Neff William D.

in Sensory Communication

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262518420
eISBN:
9780262314213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262518420.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter brings up to date the summary of results obtained in studies of localization of sound in space and of discriminations of changes in frequency, pattern, and duration of tones. A ... More


Tonal Cognition

Carol L. Krumhansl and Petri Toiviainen

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter presents a self-organizing map (SOM) neural network model of tonality based on experimentally quantified tonal hierarchies. A toroidal representation of key distances is recovered in ... More


Models of Cognitive Control in Task Switching

James A. Grange and George Houghton (eds)

in Task Switching and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199921959
eISBN:
9780190256210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199921959.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the efforts of theorists in developing and testing formal (i.e. not purely verbal) models of cognitive control during task switching. First, it provides an overview of the ... More


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