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What’s Wrong with Their Mice?

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter discusses the use of animals to explore issues relating to human cognition, emotion, volition, and their pathologies. Researchers who use animal models in their work point to ... More


Representations of Voluntary Arm Movements in the Motor Cortex and Their Transformations

Apostolos P. Georgopoulos and Elissaios Karageorgiou

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the neural mechanisms of voluntary movements in the motor cortex — a major node in the brain network of initiation and control of such movements. Specifically, it discusses the ... More


Associative Learning Mechanisms in Vision

Marvin M. Chun and Nicholas B. Turk-Browne

in Visual Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a review of behavioral evidence of associative learning in vision. It considers which types of associations can be learned, and then explores the properties and constraints ... More


Encoding

Michael E. Hasselmo, Fergus I. M. Craik, and Lila Davachi

in Science of Memory: Concepts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310443
eISBN:
9780199865321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310443.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This part presents three chapters on the concept of encoding. The first chapter discusses neural mechanisms of encoding. The second discusses the level of processing (LOP) framework that stresses ... More


Attentional Selection for Locations, Features, and Objects in Vision

Jens-Max Hopf, Carsten N Boehler, Mircea A Schoenfeld, George R Mangun, and Hans-Jochen Heinze

in The Neuroscience of Attention: Attentional Control and Selection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334364
eISBN:
9780199932283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334364.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes neurophysiological research in humans that provides insights into the neural mechanisms mediating the different modes of attentional function. It addresses mechanisms of ... More


Crustacean Models of Aggression

Donald H. Edwards and Jens Herberholz

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of the factors that make crustaceans an excellent model for the study of aggressive behavior. It then discusses the natural contexts of aggression, ... More


Circuits of Emotion in the Primate Brain

Katalin M. Gothard and Kari L. Hoffman

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter reviews the neural mechanisms underlying cognitive processes including emotion, reward, memory, social behavior, numerosity, and executive control. The first section identifies the main ... More


Opponent Complementarity in Psychological Function

Don M. Tucker and Phan Luu

in Cognition and Neural Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199838523
eISBN:
9780199985654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838523.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter proposes that the dual modes of self-regulation can be understood as general psychological controls. They evolved as complementary neural mechanisms for regulating the activity-dependent ... More


Neurophysiological Correlates of Reward Learning

Wolfram Schultz

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter reviews the neural mechanisms underlying reward learning in primates. It argues that structures involved in learning and reward, particularly midbrain dopamine neurons, appear to ... More


Neuroethology of Attention in Primates

Stephen V. Shepherd and Michael L. Platt

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter reviews the neural mechanisms underlying social attention in primates. It suggests that the neural systems mediating visual orienting behavior are intrinsically sensitive to social cues ... More


Introduction

Doreen Kimura

in Neuromotor Mechanisms in Human Communication

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195054927
eISBN:
9780199872268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195054927.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief description of the aim of this book, which is to present a study of the neural basis of communication that emphasizes behavioral analysis rather than ... More


The neural mechanisms of attentional control

Barry Giesbrecht and George R. Mangun

in The Cognitive and Neural Bases of Spatial Neglect

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508335
eISBN:
9780191687327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508335.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter offers a snapshot of the current state of the burgeoning literature on the neural mechanisms of top-down attentional control. It starts by reviewing three neuroanatomical models of ... More


In memory

Gabriel Horn

in Brain, Perception, Memory: Advances in Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524823
eISBN:
9780191689246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524823.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The latter part of the 20th century was an exciting period in the history of the neurosciences. Techniques became available that made it possible to answer questions about the role of the brain in ... More


Chromatic Assimilation: Evidence for a Neural Mechanism

Steven K. Shevell and Dingcai Cao

in Normal and Defective Colour Vision

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525301
eISBN:
9780191584947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525301.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Chromatic induction refers to the shift in colour appearance caused by nearby light. Most research on chromatic induction has focused on colour contrast, which is a shift in appearance away from the ... More


Binding in working memory and long-term memory: Towards an integrated model

Jaap M.J. Murre, Gezinus Wolters, and Antonino Raffone

in Handbook of Binding and Memory: Perspectives from Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529675
eISBN:
9780191689680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529675.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The past twenty years have seen a giant leap forward in our knowledge about the neural mechanisms that transiently or permanently bind ... More


Why Are There Two Sexes?

Turk Rhen and David Crews

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter provides a three-part introduction to sex differences, stressing both the conserved and the unique as part of Darwin's notion of descent with modification. The first section takes a step ... More


Brain, Perception, Memory: Advances in Cognitive Neuroscience

Johan J. Bolhuis (ed.)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524823
eISBN:
9780191689246
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524823.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive neuroscience is a growth area in psychology and neuroscience, with insights into the brain mechanisms of cognitive abilities being gained from studies of both animals and humans. This book ... More


Thermoregulation

Evelyn Satinoff

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter sketches behavioral and reflexive thermoregulatory behaviors in adult and immature rats. It also describes some of the methods of studying thermoregulatory behavior and outlines some of ... More


Functional Systems and the Mechanisms of Behavior

Edward S. Reed

in Encountering the World: Toward an Ecological Psychology

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195073010
eISBN:
9780199846887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073010.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Nervous systems began to evolve in earnest more than half a billion years ago, under fairly definite ecological circumstances and in creatures that were already highly active in a variety of ways. ... More


Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Gabriel Horn

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Looking at both behavioural and molecular levels of analysis, this book presents the results of recent research into the biochemistry and neural mechanisms of imprinting. The book discusses some of ... More


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