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Molecular and Cellular Approaches to Neural Development

W. Maxwell Cowan, Thomas M. Jessell, and S. Lawrence Zipursky (eds)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195111668
eISBN:
9780199865833
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111668.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

Although the major features of neural development have been known for nearly a century, it is only relatively recently that the underlying molecular and cellular mechanisms have begun to be ... More


Life Stages, Hormones, and Brain Remodeling: Early Hormonal Influences on Brain Mutability

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter examines the prominent role that hormones have in defining the timing and regional specificity of the plastic developmental changes in the central nervous system, and how they coordinate ... More


Carbohydrates of neural cell glycoproteins: structure, biosynthesis, and function

Kiyohiko Angata and Minoru Fukuda

in Neuroglycobiology: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525387
eISBN:
9780191723872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525387.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter summarizes the current understanding of how specific carbohydrates are made by glycosyltransferases on glycoproteins in neural cells and the important functions of these carbohydrates in ... More


Polysialic acid in adult brain plasticity

Abderrahman El Maarouf and Urs Rutishauser

in Neuroglycobiology: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525387
eISBN:
9780191723872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525387.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter summarizes the findings on polysialic acid function in the adult brain. In particular, the roles of polysialic acid elucidated by analysis of NCAM knockout mice are described, together ... More


Self-Organizing Ontogenesis on the Phyletic Frame

Don M. Tucker and Phan Luu

in Cognition and Neural Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199838523
eISBN:
9780199985654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838523.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter considers how a general understanding of the structure and process of the mammalian brain may be important to interpreting the unique features of the human brain. The explanation comes ... More


What neuro-robotic models can teach us about neural and cognitive development

Olaf Sporns

in Neuroconstructivism Volume Two: Perspectives and Prospects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529934
eISBN:
9780191689727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529934.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter highlights the importance of biologically plausible mechanisms in developing robot models. It also argues for the importance of robotic models that are controlled by artificial neural ... More


Neuronal Receptors for Nicotine: Functional Diversity and Developmental Changes

Huibert D. Mansvelder and Lorna W. Role

in Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) is the principal target-mediator of nicotine from smoking and chewing of tobacco. The effects of nicotine on offspring of pregnant smokers are widespread, ... More


The Evolved Structure of Mammalian Memory

Don M. Tucker and Phan Luu

in Cognition and Neural Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199838523
eISBN:
9780199985654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838523.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

New evidence on the control of neural development is emerging from studies of gene expression in mammalian and human neuroembryogenesis. This chapter reviews several findings from this research that ... More


Cognitive Flexibility in Childhood and Adolescence

Sabine Peters and Eveline A. Crone

in Task Switching and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199921959
eISBN:
9780190256210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199921959.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on cognitive flexibility in childhood and adolescence. Studying the development of cognitive control during childhood provides important insights, as the neural architecture ... More


Learning

Joseph D. Robinson

in Mechanisms of Synaptic Transmission: Bridging the Gaps (1890-1990)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195137613
eISBN:
9780199848164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137613.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter focuses on the cellular changes required to produce experience-dependent alterations in neural function. This account is grounded on issues raised by Santiago Ramón y Cajal. His treatise ... More


Stem cells

James W. Fawcett, Anne E. Rosser, and Stephen B. Dunnett

in Brain Damage, Brain Repair

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523376
eISBN:
9780191724534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523376.003.0025
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Until fairly recently, interest in stem cells was restricted within neurobiology to studies on the fundamental principles of neural development, although in other fields (such as oncology) they have ... More


NMDA receptors, neuronal development, and neurodegeneration

JOHN GARTHWAITE

in The NMDA Receptor

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192625021
eISBN:
9780191724701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192625021.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

In several brain regions, N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are specially effective during the developmental period, where they appear to play important roles in the formation and stabilization ... More


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