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What Is a Neural Correlate of Consciousness?

David J. Chalmers

in The Character of Consciousness

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195311105
eISBN:
9780199870851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311105.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The cornerstone of recent work in the neuroscience of consciousness has been the search for the “neural correlate of consciousness” (NCC). This phrase refers to the neural system or systems primarily ... More


How Is Consciousness Realized? Gamma Vectorwaves

Jesse J. Prinz

in The Conscious Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195314595
eISBN:
9780199979059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314595.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapters 3 and 4 defend a theory according to which conscious states are attended intermediate-level representations, or AIRs. When expressed this way, the AIR theory described the psychological ... More


The Quilt of Consciousness

Tim Bayne

in The Unity of Consciousness

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199215386
eISBN:
9780191594786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215386.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

This chapter explores ways in which the unity of consciousness might constrain theories of consciousness. A distinction is made between two broad accounts of consciousness: atomistic accounts, ... More


Self‐Representationalism and the Science of Consciousness

Uriah Kriegel

in Subjective Consciousness: A Self-Representational Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570355
eISBN:
9780191721625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570355.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

There are two major scientific questions surrounding consciousness: the neural correlate of consciousness and the function of consciousness. This chapter derives specific hypotheses about the neural ... More


Subjective Consciousness: A Self-Representational Theory

Uriah Kriegel

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570355
eISBN:
9780191721625
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570355.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Some mental events are conscious, some are unconscious. What is the difference between the two? This book offers an answer. It attempts to develop a comprehensive theory of the feature that all and ... More


On the Search for the Neural Correlate of Consciousness

David J. Chalmers

in The Character of Consciousness

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195311105
eISBN:
9780199870851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311105.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter addresses the question: how can we isolate the neural correlate of consciousness (NCC) in the absence of a “consciousness meter,” which measures consciousness directly? The obvious ... More


Neural Correlates of Incongruity

Pascale Michelon and Abraham Z. Snyder

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Most of the objects in our environment are familiar and expected in a given situation. A mnemonic advantage can be attributed to the distinctiveness of perceived events. Two types of distinctiveness ... More


Disciplines of the Neuro

Fernando Vidal and Francisco Ortega

in Being Brains: Making the Cerebral Subject

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780823276073
eISBN:
9780823277100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823276073.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter considers the emergence, since the 1990s, of fields whose names often combine the suffix neuro with the name of one of the human and social sciences, from anthropology and art history to ... More


Meditation and the Self

HANS C. LOU and TROELS W. KJAER

in The Lost Self: Pathologies of the Brain and Identity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195173413
eISBN:
9780199865758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173413.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter introduces the study of meditation as a vehicle for discovering the neural correlates of the self. It begins with a thorough introduction to experiments designed to isolate the neural ... More


Consciousness and Decision-Making

David Hodgson

in Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845309
eISBN:
9780199932269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845309.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

In Chapter 4, I outline my views concerning conscious experiences, and I identify three distinguishing features of conscious processes that I contend contribute to decision-making, namely ... More


Adaptation as a Tool for Probing the Neural Correlates of Visual Awareness: Progress and Precautions

Randolph Blake and Sheng He

in Fitting the Mind to the World: Adaptation and After-Effects in High-Level Vision

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529699
eISBN:
9780191689697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529699.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Adaptation within sensory systems broadens the dynamic range of those systems, making it possible for organisms to function efficiently over a wide variety of environmental conditions. To maximize ... More


Toward characterizing the neural correlates of component processes of cognition

Matthew R. Johnson and Marcia K. Johnson

in Neuroimaging of Human Memory: Linking cognitive processes to neural systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199217298
eISBN:
9780191696077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217298.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter describes a component-process approach in investigating the neural correlates of cognition, using the Multiple-Entry, Modular (MEM) framework, which defines a set of basic ‘building ... More


Temporal binding and the neural correlates of consciousness

Andreas K. Engel

in The Unity of Consciousness: Binding, Integration, and Dissociation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508571
eISBN:
9780191687358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508571.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter aims to contribute to the ongoing debate about the neural correlates of consciousness from the viewpoint of a particular experimental approach: the study of distributed neuronal ... More


What Is Knowledge of Reference?

John Campbell

in Reference and Consciousness

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243815
eISBN:
9780191597145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243816.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Knowledge of the reference of a demonstrative is provided by conscious attention to the object. This conscious attention causes and justifies your use of particular information‐processing procedures ... More


The neural correlate of consciousness

Jeffrey Gray

in Consciousness: Creeping up on the hard problem

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198520917
eISBN:
9780191584916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520917.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explores the neural correlate of consciousness (NCC), a phrase coined by Francis Crick, which describes the neural activity that is proximal to any particular form of conscious ... More


Slow Cortical Potentials and “Width of Present”

Georg Northoff

in Unlocking the Brain: Volume 2: Consciousness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199826995
eISBN:
9780199979776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826995.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The book turns to the phenomenological philosopher Edmund Husserl and his description of what it calls “inner time consciousness.” One hallmark of our “inner time consciousness” is that we experience ... More


Conceptual and methodological issues

Bruno G. Breitmeyer

in The Visual (Un)Conscious and Its (Dis)Contents: A microtemporal approach

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780198712237
eISBN:
9780191794209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712237.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

The discussion covers problems regarding consciousness as a trait. These revolve around the qualitative aspects of consciousness, specifically the ontological status of qualia. Qualia arethe ... More


Are we studying consciousness yet?

Hakwan C. Lau

in Frontiers of Consciousness: Chichele Lectures

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199233151
eISBN:
9780191696596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233151.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is concerned with the behavioural paradigms used in the search for the neural correlate of consciousness (NCC). Many researchers have questioned whether looking for the neural correlates ... More


Oscillatory synchrony as a signature for the unity of visual experience in humans

Catherine Tallon-Baudry

in The Unity of Consciousness: Binding, Integration, and Dissociation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508571
eISBN:
9780191687358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508571.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In the last decade a series of experiments in animals and humans pointed towards a functional role of oscillatory synchrony in linking together the different functional areas involved in the ... More


Into the Brain

Rocco J. Gennaro

in The Consciousness Paradox: Consciousness, Concepts, and Higher-Order Thoughts

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016605
eISBN:
9780262298582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016605.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The final chapter focuses on defending the HOT-Brain Thesis that states that there is a plausible account of how the version of the HOT theory discussed in this book might be realized in the brain ... More


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