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Opponent Complementarity in Psychological Function

Don M. Tucker and Phan Luu

in Cognition and Neural Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199838523
eISBN:
9780199985654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838523.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter proposes that the dual modes of self-regulation can be understood as general psychological controls. They evolved as complementary neural mechanisms for regulating the activity-dependent ... More


Maternal Aggression

Stephen C. Gammie and Joseph S. Lonstein

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter begins with a discussion of maternal aggression in rodents and the hormones that affect it. It then discusses the sensory control and neural circuitry of maternal aggression, ... More


Planning and control of limb impedance

Francesco Lacquaniti, Mauro Carrozzo, and Nunzio Borghese

in Multisensory Control of Movement

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547853
eISBN:
9780191724268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547853.003.0169
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Concepts and data pertaining to the study of neural control of limb mechanics are reviewed in this chapter. There are important reasons why the study of limb mechanics is relevant for neuroscience. ... More


Locomotion

Gillian Muir

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter provides an overview of the current knowledge on the mechanics and neural control of locomotion in the rat and outlines the methods available for measuring locomotor abilities in this ... More


Models of the gaze orienting system: a brief survey

Jan Van Gisbergen, John Van Opstal, Alain Berthoz, and Philippe LefÈvre

in Multisensory Control of Movement

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547853
eISBN:
9780191724268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547853.003.0124
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter reviews current ideas on the neural control of eye and head movements, with special emphasis on the role of the superior colliculus. The problem of how gaze shifts are controlled has too ... More


Brainstem orosensorimotor mechanisms and the neural control of ingestive behaviour

H. Philip Zeigler

in Appetite: Neural and Behavioural Bases

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547877
eISBN:
9780191724275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547877.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter examines neural control and the role of brainstem orosensorimotor mechanisms in ingestive behaviour. It describes the afferent and efferent pathways and brainstem nuclear structures of ... More


Optimal Control Theory

Emanuel Todorov

in Bayesian Brain: Probabilistic Approaches to Neural Coding

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042383
eISBN:
9780262294188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042383.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Optimal control theory is a mathematical discipline for studying the neural control of movement. This chapter presents a mathematical introduction to optimal control theory and discusses the ... More


Breathing Breathing

Malcolm Burrows

in The Neurobiology of an Insect Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523444
eISBN:
9780191724411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523444.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Invertebrate Neurobiology

The neural control of breathing or ventilatory movements has attracted much attention over the years because of the persistence and reliability of the underlying motor rhythm. The persistence derives ... More


The Neurology of the Agentic Self

Patrick McNamara

in The Cognitive Neuropsychiatry of Parkinson's Disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016087
eISBN:
9780262298360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016087.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter deals with the neurological aspect of the agentic self. It states that the agentic self needs to control immediate impulses to achieve better results and fulfil future objectives, and to ... More


Control of the monkey's hand by the motor cortex

Roger Lemon

in The Use of Tools by Human and Non-human Primates

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522638
eISBN:
9780191688652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522638.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The distinctive performance of the human hand, including the manufacture and use of tools, depends much more on the hand's neural control than on the mechanical arrangements of the skeleto-muscular ... More


Heterogeneous Structure and Function among Intervertebral Muscles

Frances J. R. Richmond, David C. Gordon, and Gerald E. Loeb

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Historically, the research on head movement has emphasized the central mechanisms ruling the neck motoneurons activity. In the last decade, however, new knowledge about neck muscles has led to an ... More


Art Without Symbolic Mind: Embodied Cognition and the Origins of Visual Artistic Behavior

Manuel Martín-Loeches

in Cognitive Models in Palaeolithic Archaeology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190204112
eISBN:
9780190204136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190204112.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

It is posited that the origins and evolution of art can be approached from current perspectives of embodied cognition. Accordingly, human cognition should be divided into perceptual and motor ... More


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