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Neural Control of Locomotion

Gerta Vrbová, Urszula Sławin´ska, and Henryk Majczyn´ski

in Restorative Neurology of Spinal Cord Injury

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199746507
eISBN:
9780199918768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746507.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter presents animal models of spinal cord injury (SCI) and discusses how an understanding of the mechanisms responsible for producing the locomotor pattern, rhythmic limb movements ... More


Restorative Neurology of Spinal Cord Injury

Milan R. Dimitrijevic, Byron A. Kakulas, W. Barry McKay, and Gerta Vrbova (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199746507
eISBN:
9780199918768
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746507.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Disorders of the Nervous System

Following injury or disease, neural circuitry can be altered to varying degrees leading to highly individualized characteristics that may or may not resemble original function. In addition, lost or ... More


Maternal Aggression

Stephen C. Gammie and Joseph S. Lonstein

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter begins with a discussion of maternal aggression in rodents and the hormones that affect it. It then discusses the sensory control and neural circuitry of maternal aggression, ... More


Introduction

William Hoppitt and Kevin N. Laland

in Social Learning: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150703
eISBN:
9781400846504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150703.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This book explores social learning concepts and methods as well as new developments in the field. These methods include: experimental and statistical methods that allow researchers to categorize ... More


Residual Motor Function after Spinal Cord Injury

Milan R Dimitrijevic

in Restorative Neurology of Spinal Cord Injury

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199746507
eISBN:
9780199918768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746507.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter introduces the concept that, following traumatic injury, spinal cord neural circuitry and its connections to and from supralesional centers are altered and highly individualized. It ... More


Concluding Statements and Current Challenges

Jacques Balthazart and Gregory F. Ball

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0027
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter summarizes the aims of this book, which was to provide a fair representation of the current state of knowledge concerning the production of brain estrogens and the role of these locally ... More


Development of Biological Motion Processing in Normalcy and Pathology

Marina A. Pavlova

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Visual processing of biological motion by living organisms is crucial for adaptive social behavior and nonverbal communication. Investigations of how the perception of body motion operates in ... More


Automaticity: from reflective to reflexive information processing in the human brain

MARCUS E. RAICHLE

in Cognition, Computation, and Consciousness

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524144
eISBN:
9780191689147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524144.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The introduction of modern brain-imaging techniques has dramatically changed the way in which we can safely examine the normal human brain. Suggestions about how single-word processing is ... More


Intrinsic Properties of Neck Motoneurons

P. Kenneth Rose

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0035
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Neck motoneurons, like their counterparts at other levels of the spinal cord, are the final destination of tens of thousands of axon terminals. Identification of the sources of these axon terminals ... More


Triangles in the Brain

Robert C. Berwick and Noam Chomsky

in Why Only Us: Language and Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034241
eISBN:
9780262333351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034241.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter examines the what, who, where, when, how, and why of language and its evolution. It first considers Alfred Russel Wallace's views about natural selection before expounding on the “what” ... More


How Do We Define and Modulate Circuits in Animals That Are Relevant to Pathophysiology in Humans?

Joel S. Perlmutter

in Translational Neuroscience: Toward New Therapies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029865
eISBN:
9780262329859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029865.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

How do investigators define and modulate circuits in animals that are relevant to the pathophysiology of human neurodegenerative diseases? Animal models provide a variety of advantages for ... More


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