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The Visible Invisible

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter explores the diverse attempts to render “mind” thinkable by means of images. Advances in clinical medicine from the nineteenth century onward went hand in hand with the penetration of ... More


The Relationship Between Brain Activity, Cognitive Performance, and Aging: The Case of Memory

Michael D. Rugg and Alexa M. Morcom

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter discusses some of the methodological issues that arise when using noninvasive measures of neural activity (specifically, functional magnetic resonance imaging [fMRI] and event-related ... More


Development, maintenance and plasticity of tonotopic projections from cochlea to auditory cortex

Robert V. Harrison

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Patterns of neural activity generated at peripheral sensory organs are influential in the development, maintenance, and plastic change to central brain areas. This chapter explores these mechanisms ... More


Sleep Modulation of the Expression of Plasticity Markers

James M. Krueger, Ferenc Obál Jr., Joseph W. Harding, John W. Wright, and Lynn Churchill

in Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter shows that various compounds (such as NO and various hormones, and cytokines) share three main functional features. They are released in response to neural activity; they are somnogenic; ... More


Instrumentation and Data Preprocessing

Lauri Parkkonen

in MEG: An Introduction to Methods

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195307238
eISBN:
9780199863990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307238.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter reviews the methods and technology required for magnetoencephalographic measurements. The key concepts discussed include sensor components, noise reduction methods, co-registration of ... More


Where Are the Switches on This Thing?

L F. Abbott

in 23 Problems in Systems Neuroscience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195148220
eISBN:
9780199864676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148220.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Self-regulated switching is vital to the operation of complex machines such as computers. The essential building block of a computer is a voltage-gated switch, the transistor, that is turned off and ... More


Spatial and temporal resolution in fMRI

Ravi S. Menon and Bradley G. Goodyear

in Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging: An Introduction to Methods

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192630711
eISBN:
9780191724770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630711.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter addresses the limitations imposed by the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technique and suggests some strategies to improve spatial and temporal resolution. It begins with ... More


Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Roberto Cabeza, Lars Nyberg, and Denise Park (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Until very recently, our knowledge about the neural basis of cognitive aging was based on two disciplines that had very little contact with each other. Whereas the neuroscience of aging investigated ... More


BCIs That Use P300 Event-Related Potentials

Eric W. Sellers, Yael Arbel, and Emanuel Donchin

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) in electroencephalography are manifestations at the scalp of neural activity that is triggered by, and is involved in, the processing of specific events. This ... More


Observed Brain Dynamics

Partha Mitra and Hemant Bokil

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195178081
eISBN:
9780199864829
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178081.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The biomedical sciences have recently undergone revolutionary change, due to the ability to digitize and store large data sets. In neuroscience, the data sources include measurements of neural ... More


Optics

Russell L. De Valois and Karen K. De Valois

in Spatial Vision

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195066579
eISBN:
9780199872220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195066579.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the factors that affect ability to perceive spatial relations in the visual world. These include the nature of light, image-forming characteristics of the eye, photochemical ... More


Vision, behaviour, and the single neuron

Gregor Rainer and Nikos K. Logothetis

in The Neuropsychology of Vision

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505822
eISBN:
9780191686900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505822.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter starts by describing some of the historical developments that represent the origins of single-neuron recording and first attempts to relate the observed neural activity to behaviour. It ... More


Temporal Nestedness and “Duration Bloc”

Georg Northoff

in Unlocking the Brain: Volume 2: Consciousness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199826995
eISBN:
9780199979776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826995.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The concept of the “duration bloc” describes the integration of past, present, and future into one homogenous though threefold experience of time in consciousness. The book hypothesizes that the ... More


Working memory

Wendy A. Suzuki, Alan Baddeley, Susan E. Gathercole, and Randall W. Engle

in Science of Memory: Concepts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310443
eISBN:
9780199865321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310443.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This part presents four chapters on the concept of working memory. The first chapter argues that while the neural activity in both the prefrontal cortex and the medial temporal lobe (MTL) can signal ... More


Excitatory and inhibitory motor mechanisms of temporal preparation

Boris Burle, Christophe Tandonnet, and Thierry Hasbroucq

in Attention and Time

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199563456
eISBN:
9780191701863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563456.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the excitatory and inhibitory motor mechanisms involved in temporal preparation. It discusses between-block manipulations and proposes new perspectives for deciphering the ... More


Wiring-up a brain

Gerry T. M. Altmann

in The Ascent of Babel: An Exploration of Language, Mind, and Understanding

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523772
eISBN:
9780191689017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523772.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the wiring of the neurons in the brain and its impact on language skills. It explains that the average adult human brain contains 10 billion or more nerve cells or neurons that ... More


On the agnosticism of spikes:: salience, saccades, and attention in the lateral intraparietal area of the monkey

Angela Gee, Anna Ipata, James W. Bisley, Jacqueline Gottlieb, and Michael E. Goldberg

in Sensorimotor Foundations of Higher Cognition

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199231447
eISBN:
9780191696510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231447.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the role of neural activity in the lateral intraparietal area (LIP) on intention to make saccadic eye movement and on attention in the lateral intraparietal area in monkeys. It ... More


A Practical Guide to Beamformer Source Reconstruction for EEG

Jessica J. Green and John J. McDonald

in Brain Signal Analysis: Advances in Neuroelectric and Neuromagnetic Methods

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013086
eISBN:
9780262258876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013086.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter provides a practical guide to beamformer source reconstruction for electoencephalography signals and describes how the choice of head model can affect beamformer source estimations. The ... More


Directive Minds: How Dynamics Shapes Cognition

Andreas K. Engel

in Enaction: Toward a New Paradigm for Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014601
eISBN:
9780262289795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014601.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter elaborates on a “pragmatic turn” in the cognitive sciences, turning it away from the traditional representation-centered framework and pushing it toward a paradigm that focuses on ... More


Consciousness, Intentionality, and Causality

Walter J. Freeman

in Does Consciousness Cause Behavior?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262162371
eISBN:
9780262281690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262162371.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter suggests that circular causation is a more relevant concept than linear causation when addressing the question of whether consciousness causes or is caused by neural activity. It argues ... More


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