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Communication in social networks of territorial animals: networking at different levels in birds and other systems

Giuliano Matessi, Ricardo J. Matos, and Torben Dabelsteen

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Communication allows individuals to share information and plays a central role in determining animal social behaviour. Animals live in social networks of multiple individuals connected by links ... More


Stochastic models for epidemics

Valerie Isham

in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter provides an overview of stochastic models for epidemics, focusing on topics that have preoccupied researchers for the last 15 years, and identifying continuing challenges. After some ... More


Conclusions and reflections: Emergent models

D. Hugh Whittaker and Robert E. Cole

in Recovering from Success: Innovation and Technology Management in Japan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297320
eISBN:
9780191711237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297320.003.0017
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter attempts to tease out the implications of the individual chapters for the future of innovation and MOT in Japan, beginning with problems in the Japanese ‘knowledge-creating’ company ... More


Models of network formation: A discussion of models of the formation of networks, particularly models of networks that grow by addition of vertices, such as the World Wide Web or citation networks

M. E. J. Newman

in Networks: An Introduction

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199206650
eISBN:
9780191594175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206650.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Generative network models model the mechanisms by which networks are created. The idea behind models such as these is to explore hypothesized generative mechanisms to see what structures they ... More


Summary

Thomas W. Valente

in Social Networks and Health: Models, Methods, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195301014
eISBN:
9780199777051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301014.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This summary chapter reviews the models, methods, and applications that have been presented throughout the book. Network concepts have focused the research attention of many scientists and produced a ... More


The New Old Economy: Networks, Institutions, and the Organizational Transformation of American Manufacturing

Josh Whitford

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286010
eISBN:
9780191713903
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286010.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

American manufacturing is in crisis: the sector lost three million jobs between 2000 and 2003 as the American trade deficit shot to record highs. Manufacturers have increasingly decentralized ... More


Introduction

Thomas W. Valente

in Social Networks and Health: Models, Methods, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195301014
eISBN:
9780199777051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301014.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter introduces the basic network concepts and then outlines some of the major research fronts and principles under study in the network analysis field. Major research advances include the ... More


Models for category learning

W. K. Estes

in Classification and Cognition

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195073355
eISBN:
9780199867899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073355.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the exemplar-similarity model, which is useful for making predictions about categorization assuming that the current state of an individual's memory is known, ... More


Other network models: A brief introduction to two specialized network models, the small-world model and the exponential random graph

M. E. J. Newman

in Networks: An Introduction

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199206650
eISBN:
9780191594175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206650.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter describes two of the best-known additional types of network models: the small-world model and exponential random graphs. Exercises are provided at the end of the chapter.


Categorization and memory processing

W. K. Estes

in Classification and Cognition

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195073355
eISBN:
9780199867899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073355.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The models for category learning discussed in the preceding chapters have been developed largely in conjunction with a standard experimental design in which a subject classifies category exemplars ... More


Computational Modeling of Infant Concept Learning: The Developmental Shift from Features to Correlations

Thomas R. Shultz

in Infant Perception and Cognition: Recent Advances, Emerging Theories, and Future Directions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195366709
eISBN:
9780199863969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366709.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Vision

This chapter concerns the computational modeling of one of Les Cohen's most important discoveries in infant information processing—the developmental shift from learning about visual stimulus features ... More


Random graphs with general degree distributions: This chapter describes more sophisticated random graph models that mimic networks with arbitrary degree distributions

M. E. J. Newman

in Networks: An Introduction

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199206650
eISBN:
9780191594175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206650.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The previous chapter looked at the classic random graph model, in which pairs of vertices are connected at random with uniform probabilities. Although this model has proved tremendously useful as a ... More


Classification and Cognition

W. K. Estes

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195073355
eISBN:
9780199867899
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073355.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Based on the author's important Fitts Lectures, this book details a set of psychological concepts and principles that offers a unified interpretation of a wide variety of memory, categorization, and ... More


Are there Universal Principles or Forms of Evidential Inference? Of Inference Networks and Onto-Epistemology

PETER TILLERS

in Evidence, Inference and Enquiry

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264843
eISBN:
9780191754050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264843.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

This chapter discusses the limitations of approaches to modelling and handling evidential issues using hierarchical network representations. Such models of evidential inference rest on the compound ... More


Categorization and recognition

W. K. Estes

in Classification and Cognition

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195073355
eISBN:
9780199867899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073355.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter broadens the scope of theory developed in Chapters 1-6 to include many of the phenomena traditionally treated in memory research and theory. It begins with what is believed to be the ... More


Random graphs: An introduction to the most basic of network models, the random graph

M. E. J. Newman

in Networks: An Introduction

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199206650
eISBN:
9780191594175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206650.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses the basic mathematics of the random graph G(n, p), focusing particularly on the degree distribution and component sizes, which are two of the model's most illuminating ... More


A Neurological Framework

Mary Coleman

in The Neurology of Autism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182224
eISBN:
9780199786701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182224.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the components of the impaired neural networks that might underlie the presentation of autistic symptoms. Topics covered include the neural network models of autism, central ... More


e-Business and the New Economy

Manuel Castells

in The Internet Galaxy: Reflections on the Internet, Business, and Society

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199255771
eISBN:
9780191698279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199255771.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter defines e-Business as any business activity whose performance of the key operations of management, financing innovation, production, distribution, sales, employee relations, and customer ... More


Models and mechanisms of visual masking: a selective review and comparison

Bruno G. Breitmeyer and Haluk ÖĞmen

in Visual Masking: Time slices through conscious and unconscious vision

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198530671
eISBN:
9780191728204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530671.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents models and mechanisms of masking according to five distinguishing characteristics: (i) models based on spatiotemporal response sequences; (ii) models adopting some version of an ... More


The Network Model of Causation in Philosophy of Mind

Helen Steward

in The Ontology of Mind: Events, Processes, and States

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250647
eISBN:
9780191681318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250647.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter describes and attempts to undermine a model or picture of causation which is believed dominates contemporary philosophy of mind (as well as many accounts of the nature of causation in ... More


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