Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 32 items

  • Keywords: nerve cells x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

The Schwann cell: Morphology and development

NAOMI KLEITMAN and RICHARD P. BUNGE

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter describes the sequential phenomena observed during the development of the peripheral nerve, with emphasis on the Schwann cell. It presents research elucidating the mechanisms by which ... More


A Sketch History of the Microscopic Anatomy of the Nervous System

Javier Defelipe

in Cajal's Butterflies of the Soul: Science and Art

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195392708
eISBN:
9780199863525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392708.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter traces the history of various theories on the microscopic anatomy of the nervous system, with corresponding illustrations by the scientists themselves. The chapter is divided into three, ... More


Signaling Molecules: The First Growth Factor

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter details early studies on the development of nerve cells. The nervous system arises from a single fertilized egg. Classical histologists visualized this process through the cells of the ... More


Cell Biology and the Synapse

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Before the 1950s, cell structure could be studied only under the light microscope, and the organelles that do the work of the cell were seen only indistinctly. By the end of the 1950s, the electron ... More


Physiology: Synaptic Potentials and Receptor Potentials

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter details early studies on synaptic and reception potentials. After excitability, the second key property of nerve cells is the action that occurs at the synapses between cells. This is ... More


Beginnings: Cajal and the Neuron Theory (1889–1909)

Joseph D. Robinson

in Mechanisms of Synaptic Transmission: Bridging the Gaps (1890-1990)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195137613
eISBN:
9780199848164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137613.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter describes selected developments between the meeting of the German Anatomical Society in Berlin in 1889 and the publication twenty years later of Santiago Ramón y Cajal's treatise on the ... More


Signaling Molecules: The First Neurotransmitters in the Brain

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter details early studies on signal molecules between nerve cells that mediate behavior. The key signal molecules for these functions are neurotransmitters, neuropeptides, internal second ... More


The Synapse: Function, Plasticity, and Neurotrophism

Motoy Kuno

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198546870
eISBN:
9780191724350
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198546870.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The synapse not only provides a bridge from one nerve cell to the next; its function can be modified by experience, making it important for learning and memory. This overview of the synapse provides ... More


Neurons and Muscles: The Sources of Psychophysiological Recordings

Robert M. Stern, William J. Ray, and Karen S. Quigley

in Psychophysiological Recording

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195113594
eISBN:
9780199846962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195113594.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Psychophysiology focuses on the study of bodily responses that originate as electrochemical changes in neurons (nerve cells), muscles, and gland cells. These signals spread from their sources through ... More


As the Worm Turns: Learning and Memory in the Roundworm C. elegans

William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein

in Are We Hardwired?: The Role of Genes in Human Behavior

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178005
eISBN:
9780199893331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178005.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

One of the most important behaviors with integrated neurological circuits is learning, which is based on the development of memory. True learning and memory are found only in multicellular animals. ... More


Nerve and Muscle Cells

Jaakko Malmivuo

in Bioelectromagnetism: Principles and Applications of Bioelectric and Biomagnetic Fields

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195058239
eISBN:
9780199847839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195058239.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter begins on a cellular level, with a discussion of the anatomy and physiology of nerve and muscle cells. It considers the structure of nerve and muscle tissue and in particular their ... More


Subcellular distribution of neurotransmitter receptors and voltage-gated ion channels

Zoltan Nusser

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566564
eISBN:
9780191724206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566564.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter describes the subcellular distribution of glutamate and GABA receptors and voltage-activated channels on the neuronal surface, as detected with a variety of light and ... More


The Pharmacology of Vascular Smooth Muscle

C. J. Garland and J. A. Angus (eds)

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192623874
eISBN:
9780191724671
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192623874.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This book provides an understanding of how events at the cellular level impact on the cardiovascular system as a whole. Advances in knowledge are highlighted and all the themes are presented from the ... More


Ion channels and electrical activity

Mauro Pessia

in Molecular Biology of the Neuron

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198509981
eISBN:
9780191723810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509981.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter describes the main structural determinants regulating the function of some voltage-gated Na+, K+, and Ca++ channels and their fundamental role in cell excitability. Voltage-dependent ... More


The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Daniel Kernell

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This book presents a summary of knowledge concerning somatic motoneurones, the cells which link the central nervous system to the skeletal muscles. There are two functional kinds of such ... More


From: ¿Neuronismo o reticularismo? Las pruebas objectivas de la unidad anatómica de las células nerviosas

S. Ramón Y Cajal

in Cajal's Degeneration and Regeneration of the Nervous System

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195065169
eISBN:
9780199847242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195065169.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Auto-regeneration—the process of discontinuous generation of the axons from the Schwann cells of the peripheral stump without the collaboration of the trophic centers or ... More


Hope

Sheldon Krimsky

in Stem Cell Dialogues: A Philosophical and Scientific Inquiry Into Medical Frontiers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231167482
eISBN:
9780231539401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231167482.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

In this dialogue, Samuel Franklin, a sixty-six-year-old retired contractor suffering from thoracic spinal cord injury, and his daughter Rebecca are having a conversation about the promise of stem ... More


Transplantation of Schwann cells into the CNS: potential for repair of tract lesions

G. Raisman

in Glial Cell Development: basic principles and clinical relevance

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781872748542
eISBN:
9780191724367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9781872748542.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

An important goal in central nervous system (CNS) research is the search for a method to repair traumatic CNS injuries. In adult white matter tracts, cut axons are unable to regenerate beyond the ... More


Spinal Cord Dysfunction: Volume II: Intervention and Treatment

L. S. Illis (ed.)

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192617873
eISBN:
9780191724312
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192617873.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This is the second in a series of books dealing with the enormous clinical problem of spinal-cord dysfunction. Volume I discussed assessment; this book focuses on intervention. There are three main ... More


Neuroscience and Quantum Theory

Ted Honderich

in Mind and Brain: A Theory of Determinism, Volume 1

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242826
eISBN:
9780191680588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242826.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Among the living cells of the human body, and of the central and the peripheral nervous systems, it is neurons or nerve cells which are most immediately bound up with consciousness — with the ... More


View: