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Blindsight: A Case Study and Implications

L. Weiskrantz

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521921
eISBN:
9780191706226
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521921.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Damage to a particular area of the brain — the neocortex — is generally understood to result in blindness. Studies of some patients who have suffered from this form of blindness have nevertheless ... More


Social Networks and Social Complexity in Female-bonded Primates

Julia Lehmann, Katherine Andrews, and Robin Dunbar

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Most primates are intensely social and spend a large amount of time servicing social relationships. The social brain hypothesis suggests that the evolution of the primate brain has been driven by the ... More


Determination of Cellular Phenotype and the Fundamental Organization of Cortical Layering: An Overview

Arnold R. Kriegstein

in The Cortical Neuron

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195083309
eISBN:
9780199847464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083309.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The neocortex is composed of a staggeringly large number of neurons, differing in phenotype and location, in a precise and apparently invariant pattern. The path by which each individual neuron ... More


When did Directional Asymmetry Enter the Record?

James Steele

in The Speciation of Modern Homo Sapiens

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263112
eISBN:
9780191734885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263112.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter reviews evidence for the evolution of primate asymmetries in brain morphology and in behaviour, including the fossil and archaeological record of human evolution. This evidence suggests ... More


Development of the cerebral cortex: mechanisms controlling cell fate, laminar and areal patterning, and axonal connectivity

Anjen Chenn, Janet E. Braisted, Susan K. McConnell, and Dennis D. M. O’Leary

in Molecular and Cellular Approaches to Neural Development

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195111668
eISBN:
9780199865833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111668.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This chapter discusses the development of the cerebral cortex. Topics covered include cortical specification, neuronal production, neuronal migration, neuronal specification, and arealization of the ... More


Thalamus

S. MURRAY SHERMAN and R. W. GUILLERY

in The Synaptic Organization of the Brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195159561
eISBN:
9780199864447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159561.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

The thalamus is the largest part of the diencephalon, one of the major subdivisions of the brain, and provides the major route for afferents to the neocortex. Essentially no messages can reach the ... More


Building Representations with Neurons and Spikes

Cyriel M. A. Pennartz

in The Brain's Representational Power: On Consciousness and the Integration of Modalities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029315
eISBN:
9780262330121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029315.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter first reviews basic neuroscience elements required for subsequent chapters, such as the structure and function of neurons. It describes how membrane potentials change as a result of the ... More


Neurobiology of Cortical Networks

Joaquín M. Fuster

in Cortex and Mind: Unifying Cognition

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195300840
eISBN:
9780199863655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300840.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter deals with the neurobiology of cortical networks, the postulated substrate of all cognitive functions. It examines the ontogeny and phylogeny of the cerebral cortex, although the two are ... More


Introduction

David J. Price and David J. Willshaw

in Mechanisms of Cortical Development

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780192624277
eISBN:
9780191723735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624277.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Life on Earth began several billion years ago. The cerebral cortex of mammals probably arose from the primordial cortex of amphibians and reptiles some 300 million years ago. The evolution of the ... More


Early development of the telencephalon

David J. Price and David J. Willshaw

in Mechanisms of Cortical Development

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780192624277
eISBN:
9780191723735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624277.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Brain develops from embryonic ectoderm, one of the three germ layers of the embryo, the other two being endoderm and mesoderm. Much of our knowledge of early embryogenesis is derived from studies of ... More


Sequence Memory for Prediction, Inference, and Behavior

Jeff Hawkins, Dileep George, and Jamie Niemasik

in Predictions in the Brain: Using Our Past to Generate a Future

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195395518
eISBN:
9780199897230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395518.003.0085
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter proposes a mechanism that the neocortex may use to store sequences of patterns. Storing and recalling sequences is necessary for making predictions, recognizing time-based patterns, and ... More


Cerebral neocortex

Edmund T. Rolls and Alessandro Treves

in Neural Networks and Brain Function

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524328
eISBN:
9780191724466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524328.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter attempts to develop a computational theory for the function of the cerebral neocortex. It proposes a theory of the remarkable property of the neocortex that, in addition to forward ... More


Neurodegenerative disease: With Harry Baker

James W. Fawcett, Anne E. Rosser, and Stephen B. Dunnett

in Brain Damage, Brain Repair

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523376
eISBN:
9780191724534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523376.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Most dementias are associated with a widespread pattern of atrophy in the forebrain, which is most apparent as a reduction in the weight of the brain measured post-mortem. As the brain undergoes loss ... More


Neurotransmitter Signaling Before the Birth of Neurons

Jo J. Loturco and Arnold R. Kriegstein

in The Cortical Neuron

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195083309
eISBN:
9780199847464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083309.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Recent advances in cellular physiological techniques, particularly the development of in situ whole-cell patch-clamp recording, have permitted detailed physiological and pharmacological studies of ... More


Development of Cortical Excitation and Inhibition

Rudolf A. Deisz and Heiko J. Luhmann

in The Cortical Neuron

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195083309
eISBN:
9780199847464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083309.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The sequence of developmental modifications in allo- and neocortical areas is similar in most mammals; however, the exact time course of these alterations is species and area dependent. This chapter ... More


The general structural organization of the neocortex

O.D. Creutzfeldt

in Cortex Cerebri: Performance, Structural and Functional Organisation of the Cortex

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523246
eISBN:
9780191724510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523246.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The cerebral cortex is a transfer station for neuronal signals. In this respect it resembles the other laminated structures and nuclei of the central nervous system. The functional significance of a ... More


Significance of the cerebral cortex for cognitive and symbolic activity and for conscious experience

O.D. Creutzfeldt

in Cortex Cerebri: Performance, Structural and Functional Organisation of the Cortex

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523246
eISBN:
9780191724510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523246.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Under the terms cognitive and symbolic capacity we understand the specifically human abilities where the perceived world and the actions of the individual are transformed into symbols and abstract ... More


The allocortex and limbic system

O.D. Creutzfeldt

in Cortex Cerebri: Performance, Structural and Functional Organisation of the Cortex

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523246
eISBN:
9780191724510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523246.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The phylogenetically oldest parts of the cerebral cortex are distinguished morphologically from the typical six-layered structure of the isocortex and neocortex, and have been subsumed under the term ... More


Synaptic Actions of Amino Acid Neurotransmitters

Scott M. Thompson, Daniel V. Madison, and Istvan Mody

in The Cortical Neuron

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195083309
eISBN:
9780199847464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083309.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Fast synaptic excitation in the neocortex is mediated by the release of glutamate from the axon terminals of thalamocortical projection cells and of locally and intracortically projecting pyramidal ... More


Functions of Local Circuits in Neocortex: Synchrony and Laminae

Barry W. Connors and Yael Amitai

in The Cortical Neuron

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195083309
eISBN:
9780199847464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083309.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter focuses on one feature of the local cortical circuit that has been relatively neglected but which is particularly important and probably widespread. The neurons that provide output from ... More


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