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Introduction

A. H. Halsey

in A History of Sociology in Britain: Science, Literature, and Society

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266609
eISBN:
9780191601019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266603.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

It is becoming standard for sociologists to preface their books with a brief autobiography. This I have done, emphasizing belief in the potency of politics as the atmosphere of LSE in the 1940s. A ... More


Postgenomic Darwinism

John Dupré

in Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199691982
eISBN:
9780191738111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691982.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter applies some of the biological ideas discussed in earlier chapters to a critique of contemporary neo-Darwinism. Central points are the need to expand the possible modes of inheritance ... More


Against Maladaptationism: Or, What’s Wrong with Evolutionary Psychology 1

John Dupré

in Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199691982
eISBN:
9780191738111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691982.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter takes up a theme from earlier work, the critique of Evolutionary Psychology. The chapter focuses on one central claim of Evolutionary Psychology, that the crucial human cognitive ... More


Darwinism: How Much Does It Explain?

David Fergusson

in Faith and Its Critics: A Conversation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199569380
eISBN:
9780191702051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569380.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter explores the scope of neo-Darwinism in relation to the history of life on earth, and asks whether its explanatory power can extend to religious belief and activity. First, it discusses ... More


Self-Organization and Evolution

Pierre-Yves Oudeyer

in Self-Organization in the Evolution of Speech

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199289158
eISBN:
9780191711091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289158.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter determines the problems of the origin of speech in the general framework of the origins of form in biology. It explains the phenomenon of self-organization along with that of natural ... More


Genetics and the Literary Imagination

Clare Hanson

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198813286
eISBN:
9780191851278
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813286.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This book explores the impact of genetic and postgenomic science on British literary fiction over the last four decades, focusing on the challenge posed to novelists by gene-centric neo-Darwinism and ... More


The Evolution of Technological Knowledge: Reflections on Technological Innovation as an Evolutionary Process

Brian J. Loasby

in The Evolution of Cultural Entities

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197262627
eISBN:
9780191771989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262627.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter analyses Technological Innovation as an Evolutionary Process, a book that explores the analogy between technical innovation and biological evolution, and whether such an analogy could be ... More


A Paradigm for Pathogens and Hosts

Daniel R. Brooks, Eric P. Hob Erg, and Walter A. Boeger

in The Stockholm Paradigm: Climate Change and Emerging Disease

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226632308
eISBN:
9780226632582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226632582.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Humanity now exists at the height of its technological achievements yet also at the height of environmental shifts associated with disease emergence. This threatens our ability to survive as a ... More


Reflecting on Reflection

Thierry de Duve

in Aesthetics at Large: Volume 1: Art, Ethics, Politics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226546568
eISBN:
9780226546872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226546872.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

The book’s last chapter reinterprets Kant’s distinction between a determining and a reflecting judgment in modern, cybernetic terms: a reflecting judgment is a feedback loop of the mind. It further ... More


Introduction

W. G. Runciman

in Very Different, But Much the Same: The Evolution of English Society Since 1714

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198712428
eISBN:
9780191780776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712428.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The Introduction sketches the principal features of current social-evolutionary theory to be applied to English (and to a limited extent British) society in subsequent chapters. This theory has ... More


Moving on

Arlin Stoltzfus

in Mutation, Randomness, and Evolution

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198844457
eISBN:
9780191880063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844457.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Chapter 10 includes a synopsis of key points from previous chapters as well as reflections on changing explananda, notions of causation, and the importance of identifying testable theories. The ... More


Randomness as Irrelevance

Arlin Stoltzfus

in Mutation, Randomness, and Evolution

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198844457
eISBN:
9780191880063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844457.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Under the neo-Darwinian theory, selection is the potter and variation is the clay: peculiarities or regularities of variation may emerge from internal causes, but these are ultimately irrelevant, ... More


The problem of variation

Arlin Stoltzfus

in Mutation, Randomness, and Evolution

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198844457
eISBN:
9780191880063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844457.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Chapter 7 maps out a broad framework for considering the problem of variation in evolution. Under the neo-Darwinian view that variation merely plays the role of supplying random infinitesimal raw ... More


Introduction: The Secret of Life

Clare Hanson

in Genetics and the Literary Imagination

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198813286
eISBN:
9780191851278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813286.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter outlines the debates over the genetic origins of human nature which form the wider context of the literature discussed in this book. It traces the rise of gene-centric neo-Darwinism in ... More


Ian McEwan: The Literary Animal

Clare Hanson

in Genetics and the Literary Imagination

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198813286
eISBN:
9780191851278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813286.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

Chapter 3 considers Ian McEwan’s engagement with neo-Darwinism in its manifestation as evolutionary psychology. From the perspective of evolutionary psychology, human behaviour is driven by genetic ... More


Genetic Assimilation and the Paradox of Blind Variation

Arnaud Pocheville and Étienne Danchin

in Challenging the Modern Synthesis: Adaptation, Development, and Inheritance

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780199377176
eISBN:
9780199377190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199377176.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

This chapter confronts the neo-Darwinian core tenet of blind variation, or random mutation, with classical and recent models of genetic assimilation. We first argue that all the mechanisms proposed ... More


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