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Violence in the Home: Multidisciplinary Perspectives

Karel Kurst-Swanger and Jacqueline L. Petcosky

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195165180
eISBN:
9780199864966
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165180.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

Violence in the home is one of the most damaging and widespread of social problems. It is an issue that cuts across all socioeconomic, racial, ethnic, gender, and age boundaries. Abuse and neglect ... More


Attention

Kenneth M. Heilman

in Matter of Mind: A Neurologist's View of Brain-Behavior Relationships

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195144901
eISBN:
9780199865642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195144901.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses how we become aware of stimuli, focus our attention, and withdraw it. Topics covered include sensory awareness, spotlights and floodlights of attention, and habituation. It ... More


The Cultural Construction of Society

Chandran Kukathas

in The Liberal Archipelago: A Theory of Diversity and Freedom

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257546
eISBN:
9780191599705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925754X.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that the purpose of the state is not to promote or foster liberal equality nor serve as the cultural architect or guardian of society. Its role is to serve as an umpire who ... More


When Prayer Fails: Faith Healing, Children, and the Law

Shawn Francis Peters

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195306354
eISBN:
9780199867714
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306354.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Relying on religious traditions that date back thousands of years, many devout Christians turn to prayer rather than medicine when their children fall victim to illness or injury. Faith healers claim ... More


“Pointless and Preventable”: An Overview of Religion-Based Medical Neglect of Children

Shawn Francis Peters

in When Prayer Fails: Faith Healing, Children, and the Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195306354
eISBN:
9780199867714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306354.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter provides an overview of religion-based medical neglect of children, in which devout parents forego providing adequate medical care to their ailing sons and daughters because the ... More


“Defended by Lord Jehovah”: The Peculiar People in the British Courts

Shawn Francis Peters

in When Prayer Fails: Faith Healing, Children, and the Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195306354
eISBN:
9780199867714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306354.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter analyzes a series of influential (but heretofore largely unexamined) manslaughter and neglect cases involving a British spiritual healing sect known as the Peculiar People, whose ... More


“The Pain Has No Right to Exist”: Contemporary Christian Scientists in the Courts

Shawn Francis Peters

in When Prayer Fails: Faith Healing, Children, and the Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195306354
eISBN:
9780199867714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306354.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The sociolegal issues raised by more contemporary prosecutions of Christian Scientists for neglect and manslaughter compose the bulk of this chapter. These cases pitted grieving parents who sincerely ... More


“God Can't Cure Everyone”: Spiritual Healing on Trial in Oregon

Shawn Francis Peters

in When Prayer Fails: Faith Healing, Children, and the Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195306354
eISBN:
9780199867714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306354.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter recounts the religion-based medical neglect-related deaths of several children in Oregon, including seven-year-old Tony Hays, who died in 1995 after his parents, members of a ... More


“We Need to Change the Statute”: The Promise (and Limits) of Statutory Reform

Shawn Francis Peters

in When Prayer Fails: Faith Healing, Children, and the Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195306354
eISBN:
9780199867714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306354.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter entails a discussion of how lawmakers in several states – including Colorado, Massachusetts, and Oregon – have reacted to prominent cases of religion-based medical neglect by attempting ... More


Vulnerable adults and families

Malcolm Payne

in Death, Dying, and Social Differences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599295
eISBN:
9780191731532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599295.003.0035
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter addresses the issue of whether palliative care services are responsible for protecting vulnerable adults and families. Vulnerability to abuse and neglect is increased for dying people ... More


Translating Research on Children’s Memory and Trauma into Practice: Clinical and Forensic Implications

Sheree L. Toth and Kristin Valentino

in Stress, Trauma, and Children's Memory Development: Neurobiological, cognitive, clinical and legal perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195308457
eISBN:
9780199867387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308457.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter briefly reviews the extant literature on trauma and memory, with a particular focus on child maltreatment and memory. This serves as the foundation for examining the clinical and social ... More


Introduction: The Powers of Association

Duana Fullwiley

in The Enculturated Gene: Sickle Cell Health Politics and Biological Difference in West Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691123165
eISBN:
9781400840410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691123165.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explores prevailing attitudes in Senegal about sickle cell anemia and its biomedical and political stewards. It also looks at how the Senegalese have had to perform the discursive double ... More


Elder Abuse

Karel Kurst-Swanger and Jacqueline L. Petcosky

in Violence in the Home: Multidisciplinary Perspectives

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195165180
eISBN:
9780199864966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165180.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

This chapter explores the unique characteristics of violence against family elders. It reviews the trends that have guided the salience of elder abuse throughout history and provides an overview of ... More


The Cognitive and Neural Bases of Spatial Neglect

Hans-Otto Karnath, A. David Milner, and Giuseppe Vallar (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508335
eISBN:
9780191687327
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508335.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Spatial neglect is a disorder of space-related behaviour. It is characterized by failure to explore the side of space contralateral to a brain lesion, or to react or respond to stimuli or subjects ... More


HUMAN NEUROPSYCHOLOGY

John M. Findlay

in Active Vision: The Psychology of Looking and Seeing

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524793
eISBN:
9780191711817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524793.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses a selected set of neuropsychological disorders and enquires whether analysis of eye movements can help explain the nature of the disorder. It argues that the study of such ... More


The Political Thought of Jacques Rancière: Creating Equality

Todd May

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748635320
eISBN:
9780748671922
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635320.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book is devoted entirely to the thought of Jacques Rancière. It focuses on his central political idea that a democratic politics emerges from the presupposition of equality. The book examines ... More


Periodic models for trending data

Philip Hans Franses and Richard Paap

in Periodic Time Series Models

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199242023
eISBN:
9780191601286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924202X.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

In Chapter 4 we address the issue of how to incorporate descriptions of trends in periodic models. It is well known that the trend in many economic time series may be characterized by a so-called ... More


Risk Factors

Peter J. Pecora, Ronald C. Kessler, Jason Williams, A. Chris Downs, Diana J. English, James White, and Kirk O'Brien

in What Works in Foster Care?: Key Components of Success From the Northwest Foster Care Alumni Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195175912
eISBN:
9780199865628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175912.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter summarizes the risk factors for adverse adult outcomes that Northwest alumni faced before or during care. These included the number of places lived before foster care, parents' health ... More


History and Definition of Child Maltreatment

Maria Scannapieco and Kelli Connell-Carrick

in Understanding Child Maltreatment: An Ecological and Developmental Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195156782
eISBN:
9780199864164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156782.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter provides a historical overview of child abuse and neglect, covering the history of childhood, US history, and key legislation. Definitional issues of child maltreatment are discussed and ... More


Infancy and Toddlerhood: Ecological and Developmental Assessment of Maltreatment and Intervention

Maria Scannapieco and Kelli Connell-Carrick

in Understanding Child Maltreatment: An Ecological and Developmental Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195156782
eISBN:
9780199864164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156782.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter presents the developmental stage of infancy and toddlerhood in the context of assessment and intervention. Physical abuse, neglect, and sexual abuse are discussed separately and the ... More


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