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Transportation Infrastructure: Roads

Brett M. Frischmann

in Infrastructure: The Social Value of Shared Resources

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199895656
eISBN:
9780199933280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895656.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter illustrates many of the economic concepts discussed in previous chapters. First, road infrastructure exhibits the classic supply-side economic characteristics, which are commonly ... More


Time's Up: Positive Externalities Turning Negative

Wolfgang Streeck

in Re-Forming Capitalism: Institutional Change in the German Political Economy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199573981
eISBN:
9780191702136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573981.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, International Business

For a while, positive externalities were beneficial for institutional settings since they drive endogenous tendencies toward disorganization and keeps negative externalities to a minimum. By the ... More


The Passive Leverage of the European Union

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter presents a theoretical framework for the EU’s passive leverage, defined as the traction that the EU has on the domestic politics of credible candidate states merely by virtue of its ... More


The Coase Theorem as Treated in Jewish Law

Aaron Levine

in Economic Morality and Jewish Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199826865
eISBN:
9780190261368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199826865.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter describes the distinctions between the Jewish law's treatment and Ronald Coase's approach in dealing with negative externalities. It emphasizes the argument of economic value should be ... More


Private Military Force, Insecurity, and Instability

James Pattison

in The Morality of Private War: The Challenge of Private Military and Security Companies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199639700
eISBN:
9780191756085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639700.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter considers two further negative externalities of the use of PMSCs at the international level. First, it argues that there are several problems with treating security as a commodity to be ... More


Players, members, spectators and bystanders: benefits for non-participants

Bill Jordan

in Welfare and well-being: Social value in public policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420800
eISBN:
9781447304210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420800.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter discusses how social capital theory benefits non-participants. The first part of the chapter discusses how the by-product of social capital and interactions in groups and associations ... More


Times

Tony Fitzpatrick

in Climate change and poverty: A new agenda for developed nations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781447300878
eISBN:
9781447311744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300878.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The second dimension pertaining to resources is that of time. At its best, the classic welfare state enabled social groups to socialise and ‘pool’ their time in contrast to capitalism's tendency to ... More


The Privatization of Military Force and the Constraints on War

James Pattison

in The Morality of Private War: The Challenge of Private Military and Security Companies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199639700
eISBN:
9780191756085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639700.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter considers the negative externalities of the use of PMSCs at the international level. It focuses, in particular, on the formal and informal constraints on war. First, it considers the ... More


Relativity and optimal non-linear labour income taxation

Matti Tuomala

in Optimal Redistributive Taxation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198753414
eISBN:
9780191815058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198753414.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Financial Economics

Chapter 7 analyses how concern for consumption relative to others (‘relativity’) affects the structure of optimal non-linear income taxation. Relative consumption (or income) concern or ... More


Double-edged development, 1767–

John Toye

in The Many Faces of Socioeconomic Change

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198723349
eISBN:
9780191789786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198723349.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Many writers on development are extremists, either venerating it as the source of economic cornucopia and human fulfilment or denouncing it as bringing loss of authentic community and culture, ... More


Economic Morality and Jewish Law

Aaron Levine

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199826865
eISBN:
9780190261368
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199826865.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This book compares the way in which welfare economics and Jewish law determine the propriety of an economic action, whether by a private citizen or the government. Espousing what philosophers would ... More


Great Power Security

John Yoo

in Point of Attack: Preventive War, International Law, and Global Welfare

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199347735
eISBN:
9780199347742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199347735.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

International security suffers not just from rules on force that are too strict but also from international institutions that don’t work. Proposals to expand the UN Security Council would only ... More


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