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From Global Poverty to Global Equality: A Philosophical Exploration

Pablo Gilabert

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199639717
eISBN:
9780191739033
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639717.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Do we have positive duties to help others in need or are our moral duties only negative, focused on not harming them? Are any of the former duties of justice that respond to enforceable rights? Is ... More


Negative duties and the libertarian challenge

Pablo Gilabert

in From Global Poverty to Global Equality: A Philosophical Exploration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199639717
eISBN:
9780191739033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639717.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

A defense of basic positive duties of justice must address the standard libertarian objections to the enforcement of assistance. Focusing on Jan Narveson’s contractarian construal of libertarianism, ... More


The Sacrifices of the Innocent

David Cummiskey

in Kantian Consequentialism

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195094534
eISBN:
9780199833146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195094530.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is a basic structural feature of consequentialism that (at least in principle) it may sometimes require the sacrifice of the innocent. Chs. 5 and 6 argued that respect for persons involves both ... More


Three Approaches to Global Health Care Justice: Rejecting the Positive/Negative Rights Distinction

George F. DeMartino and Jonathan D. Moyer

in International Development and Human Aid: Principles, Norms and Institutions for the Global Sphere

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781474414470
eISBN:
9781474427005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474414470.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents three cosmopolitan approaches to global health care justice: Thomas Pogge's negative duties based approach, Gillian Brock's minimal needs view, and Henry Shue's model of basic ... More


The Problem of Abortion and the Doctrine of the Double Effect *

Philippa Foot

in Virtues and Vices: and other essays in moral philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252862
eISBN:
9780191597435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252866.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Abortion is considered in relation to the doctrine of the double effect, which distinguishes between the intentions behind an action and consequences foreseen but not desired. This doctrine, often ... More


Defining Property Rights

S. Douglas and B. McFarlane

in Philosophical Foundations of Property Law

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199673582
eISBN:
9780191751721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673582.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter focuses on the contested question of the ‘actual nature’ of property law, taking as its focus case law bearing on the definition of property rights. It employs a Hohfeldian analysis both ... More


Negative and Positive Security of Person

Rhonda Powell

in Rights as Security: The Theoretical Basis of Security of Person

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780199589111
eISBN:
9780191792557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199589111.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

In Chapter 6 it is argued that the right to security of person correlates to both negative and positive duties. The right to security of person should not only restrain the state from threatening or ... More


Creating Global Health

Patricia Illingworth and Wendy E. Parmet

in Health of Newcomers: Immigration, Health Policy, and the Case for Global Solidarity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780814789216
eISBN:
9780814760826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814789216.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

When the global social determinants of health are taken into account, it can be argued that affluent nations have responsibility for the health of newcomers. Affluent nations have played a role in ... More


The Received View and Its Rivals

Thomas J. Donahue-Ochoa

in Unfreedom for All: How the World's Injustices Harm You

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190051686
eISBN:
9780190051716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190051686.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Chapter 3 considers the received view’s answers to the book’s final two questions, as well as the answers given by rival theories to all five of its questions. It begins by challenging three rival ... More


Deontological Principles

Derek Parfit

in On What Matters: Volume Three

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198778608
eISBN:
9780191853487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198778608.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers the harm principle. According to this principle, our negative duties not to harm people are much stronger than our positive duties to make things go better by saving people ... More


Who Turned the Trolley?

F. M. Kamm

in The Trolley Problem Mysteries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780190247157
eISBN:
9780190247188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190247157.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Lecture I begins with a brief history of changing views on what the Trolley Problem is and attempts to solve it. The lecture then critically examines Judith Thomson’s recent view that a moral ... More


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