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Diminishing Vertical Distance: Power and Social Status as Barriers to Intergroup Reconciliation

Lasana T. Harris and Susan T. Fiske

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter argues that social emotions derived from power and perceived social status generate a skewed perception of the out-group, resulting in residual negative affect and the creation of a ... More


Against Valence (“Positive” and “Negative” Emotions) (2001)

Robert C. Solomon

in Not Passion's Slave: Emotions and Choice

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145496
eISBN:
9780199833726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145496.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

I argue against the common idea that emotions can be defined in terms of their valence, as positive and negative affects. I argue that the polarity is simple‐minded and refers to many different ... More


The Idiosyncratic Nature of Justices’ Behavior during Oral Arguments

Lawrence S. Wrightsman

in Oral Arguments Before the Supreme Court: An Empirical Approach

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195368628
eISBN:
9780199867554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368628.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter illustrates the unique nature of questions from the different justices currently on the Court. Using the Big Five approach to personality description (extroversion, agreeableness, ... More


Understanding Negative Biases Promotes Autonomy in Depression

Paul Biegler

in The Ethical Treatment of Depression: Autonomy through Psychotherapy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015493
eISBN:
9780262295628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015493.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on how the impairment of autonomy in depressed patients can be addressed by two validated treatments, namely, cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and antidepressant medication ... More


Codependency and Pathological Altruism

Michael McGrath and Barbara Oakley

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0045
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Pathological altruism is a construct describing the willingness of an individual to place the needs of others above him- or herself to the point of causing harm, whether physical, psychological, or ... More


Individual Differences and Essential Hypertension: Psychological and Social Factors

Kevin T. Larkin

in Stress and Hypertension: Examining the Relation between Psychological Stress and High Blood Pressure

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106442
eISBN:
9780300128864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106442.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter evaluates the psychological and social factors that may influence the stress–hypertension relation. The psychological factors include negative affect, suppressed hostility, emotional ... More


The Nature and Adaptive Implications of Pain-Affect Dynamics

Mary C. Davis, Chung Jung Mun, Dhwani Kothari, Shannon Moore, Crys Rivers, Kirti Thummala, and Giulia Weyrich

in Motivational Perspectives on Chronic Pain

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190627898
eISBN:
9780190627928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190627898.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Because pain is in part an affective experience, investigators over the past several decades have sought to elaborate the nature of pain-affect connections. Our evolving understanding of the ... More


Positive Affect Systems in Depression: The Road Less Traveled

Greg Siegle, Erika Forbes, and Jennifer Silk

in Positive Emotion: Integrating the Light Sides and Dark Sides

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199926725
eISBN:
9780199394531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926725.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The prevailing psychiatric diagnostic system considers depression a monolithic syndrome that is characterized by either high negative affect or low positive affect, without differentiating between ... More


The Role of Concept Characteristics in Lexical Dialectometry

Dirk Speelman and Dirk Geeraerts

in Computing and Language Variation: International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing Volume 2

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748640300
eISBN:
9780748671380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640300.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

An important assumption underlying most if not all methods of dialectometry is that the automated analysis of the differences in language use between different locations, as they are recorded by ... More


Serotonergic Neurotransmission and Its Role in Negative Affect

Andreas Heinz

in A New Understanding of Mental Disorders: Computational Models for Dimensional Psychiatry

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036894
eISBN:
9780262342841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036894.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

While dopaminergic neurotransmission has largely been implicated in reinforcement learning and model-based versus model-free decision making, serotonergic neurotransmission has been implicated in ... More


Learning Mechanisms in Affective Disorders

Andreas Heinz

in A New Understanding of Mental Disorders: Computational Models for Dimensional Psychiatry

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036894
eISBN:
9780262342841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036894.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Affective disorders are described with respect to a model of positive and negative affect, which suggests that clinical depression may result both from an impairment of reward anticipation and ... More


From emotion to feeling: The internal structure of the Feeling component

Johnny J. R. Fontaine and Klaus R. Scherer

in Components of Emotional Meaning: A sourcebook

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199592746
eISBN:
9780191762765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592746.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

We explain the operationalization of the feeling component, which was based on five frequently used approaches: the positive affect / negative affect model, the pleasure-arousal model, the tense ... More


The Role of Negative Affect in the Course of Substance Use Disorders

Elizabeth D. Reese, Jennifer Y. Yi, Ryan P. Bell, and Stacey B. Daughters

in Affective Determinants of Health Behavior

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190499037
eISBN:
9780190881375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190499037.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Negative affect (NA) plays a prominent role in theoretical models characterizing the course of substance use disorders and is thus considered a central mechanism contributing to maintenance of ... More


Is Treating Depression Like Treating Appendicitis?

Paul Biegler

in Depression: Law and Ethics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198801900
eISBN:
9780191840456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801900.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Philosophy of Law

This chapter proposes an ethically defensible approach to treatment that does not remove depression as one would an inflamed appendix. Treatment should instead, it is argued, transform depression by ... More


Negative Affect

Jeffrey J. Martin

in Handbook of Disability Sport and Exercise Psychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190638054
eISBN:
9780190638078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190638054.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

Experiencing negative affect during training and during competition is common. Much of the disability sport psychology research on negative affect has not been embedded in common sport theories of ... More


The Good in Happiness*

Jonathan Phillips, Sven Nyholm, and Shen-yi Liao

in Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy: Volume 1

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198718765
eISBN:
9780191803123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718765.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

An emerging scientific consensus holds that happiness is best understood as a certain combination of psychological states including high positive affect, low negative affect and high life ... More


The Nature of Pain and the Appearance/Reality Distinction

Michael Tye

in Phenomenal Qualities: Sense, Perception, and Consciousness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198712718
eISBN:
9780191781049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712718.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Pains are experiences that represent tissue damage. Pains vary in how they feel; and this seems tied in part to variations in qualities of the represented tissue damage. However, if this is all that ... More


The Jewish-Irish Modern American Drama

Stephen Watt

in "Something Dreadful and Grand": American Literature and The Irish-Jewish Unconscious

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780190227951
eISBN:
9780190227975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190227951.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Drama, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

Beginning with Lawrence Langner and Bernard Shaw’s argument over a character known as “The Jew” in the latter’s play Geneva (1938), this chapter outlines the effects of Irish drama and Irishness on ... More


‘Who are you? What the fuck are you doing here?’: queer debates and contemporary connections

Kaye Mitchell

in Alan Hollinghurst: Writing Under the Influence

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719097171
eISBN:
9781526115201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097171.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter situates Hollinghurst’s fiction within the contemporary contexts of late twentieth and early twenty-first century gay fiction and post-1990s queer theory. It argues that some of the ... More


Athletic Identity

Jeffrey J. Martin

in Handbook of Disability Sport and Exercise Psychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190638054
eISBN:
9780190638078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190638054.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

Some of the first research in disability sport focused on athletic identity using the Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (AIMS). A large body of research has supported a robust finding that athletes ... More


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