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Policy Creation and Evaluation: Understanding Welfare Reform in the United States

Richard Hoefer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735198
eISBN:
9780199918560
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735198.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Policy Creation and Evaluation has two purposes. The first goal is to describe and explain one of the most important domestic policy decisions in the post-WW II era, the passage of the ... More


“The Spirit that Moves Inside You”: Puzzles of Using Volunteering to Cure the Volunteer’s Problems

Nina Eliasoph

in Making Volunteers: Civic Life after Welfare's End

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147093
eISBN:
9781400838820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147093.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter explains how the empowerment talk suggests that volunteering is good because it is soul-changing, which leads organizers to embrace this mission. Fulfilling this mission of deeply ... More


Children and Youth in Institutional Care in Brazil: Historical Perspectives and Current Overview

IRENE RIZZINI and IRMA RIZZINI

in Residential Care of Children: Comparative Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195309188
eISBN:
9780199863907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309188.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter discusses the institutionalization of children and adolescents in Brazil and places current debates about institutional care in a historical context. Topics covered include children in ... More


The American social contract

Anne Daguerre

in Obama's Welfare Legacy: An Assessment of US Anti-Poverty Policies

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781447338338
eISBN:
9781447338376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447338338.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Chapter 1 explains how the American political and legal tradition is characterized by a lack of strong legal protection of socio-economic rights. It examines the legacy of welfare reform, in ... More


Distance and Need

Caspar Hare

in The Limits of Kindness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199691999
eISBN:
9780191758126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691999.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Are we morally obliged to sacrifice much for the sake of needy strangers? On one view it depends. If the stranger is nearby then yes. If the stranger is distant then no. In this chapter it is argued ... More


Ignorance and Indeterminacy

Caspar Hare

in The Limits of Kindness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199691999
eISBN:
9780191758126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691999.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In many realistic cases in which we are in position to give money to charity there is some indeterminacy about whom we are in a position to benefit. Either we give and there is no fact of the matter ... More


Spirals of Perpetual Potential: How Empowerment Projects’ Noble Missions Tangle in Everyday Interaction

Nina Eliasoph

in Democratizing Inequalities: Dilemmas of the New Public Participation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479847273
eISBN:
9781479800223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479847273.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores previously hidden consequences of the transformation of volunteering and civic life in the empowerment projects during the last twenty years. In contrast to hierarchical social ... More


Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States

Robert A. Moffitt (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226533568
eISBN:
9780226533575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226533575.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Few United States government programs are as controversial as those designed to aid the poor. From tax credits to medical assistance, aid to needy families is surrounded by debate—on what benefits ... More


Enabling More Families with Housing Vouchers to Access Higher-Opportunity Neighborhoods

Barbara Sard

in Facing Segregation: Housing Policy Solutions for a Stronger Society

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190862305
eISBN:
9780190862336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190862305.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Communities and Organizations

This chapter discusses the Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) program, which helps more than two million low-income households—nearly half with minor children in the home—to pay for modestly priced, ... More


Cash Assistance

Helen Hershkoff and Stephen Loffredo

in Getting By: Economic Rights and Legal Protections for People with Low Income

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190080860
eISBN:
9780199364763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190080860.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the public provision of cash assistance to needy families and individuals in the United States. The chapter briefly surveys the constitutional and international law status of a ... More


Risk Sharing When Work and Family Clash: The Need for Government and Employer Innovation

Ann O’Leary

in Shared Responsibility, Shared Risk: Government, Markets and Social Policy in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199781911
eISBN:
9780190252519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199781911.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explains how employers and the government can help workers who fulfill caregiving responsibilities, thus improving the economic security of families. It first reviews the history and ... More


Epilogue: What Can We Learn From These Five Lives?

Gabriel J. Loiacono

in How Welfare Worked in the Early United States: Five Microhistories

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780197515433
eISBN:
9780197515464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197515433.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Much has happened in the history of welfare since 1850. The epilogue surveys these events, highlighting when they mark changes or continuities with the themes in the five chapters. Some innovations, ... More


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