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Paradox and Platitude in Wittgenstein's Philosophy

David Pears

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199247707
eISBN:
9780191714481
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247707.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book is a concise and readable study of five intertwined themes at the heart of Wittgenstein's thought, written by one of his most eminent interpreters. It offers penetrating investigations and ... More


How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Penelope Mackie

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What are the essential properties of ordinary individuals such as people, cats, trees, and tables? The question is notoriously difficult, yet must be answered to obtain a satisfying account of the ... More


Introduction

Albert Casullo

in A Priori Justification

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195115055
eISBN:
9780199786190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195115058.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter provides a taxonomy of widely endorsed conditions on a priori justification. The conditions fall into two broad categories: epistemic, which includes defeasibility, strength, and source ... More


Nature's Metaphysics: Laws and Properties

Alexander Bird

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199227013
eISBN:
9780191711121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227013.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What are the laws of nature, and what explains their existence? This book develops the proposal that the laws of nature are grounded in the essences of properties. It is argued that fundamental ... More


Projection and Realism in Hume's Philosophy

P. J. E. Kail

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199229505
eISBN:
9780191710728
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229505.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Hume talks of our ‘gilding and staining’ natural objects, and of the mind's propensity to ‘spread itself’ on the world. This has led commentators to use the metaphor of ‘projection’ in connection ... More


Rests

Heinrich Schenker

in The Art of Performance

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195151510
eISBN:
9780199871582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151510.003.0010
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter shows that rests can have different functions, emphasizing those that have motivic significance. Various means pianists can use to assure continuity and tension over the rest are ... More


The Law-Governed Universe

John T. Roberts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book articulates and defends a new philosophical account of laws of nature. According to this account, lawhood is a meta‐theoretic notion: the primary concept is that of a law of a particular ... More


Thoughts: Papers on Mind, Meaning, and Modality

Stephen Yablo

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199266463
eISBN:
9780191709111
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266463.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book presents a collection of twelve essays which together constitute a modern-day examination of Cartesian themes in the metaphysics of mind. The book offers penetrating discussions of such ... More


The Contingent Reality of Natural Necessity

Galen Strawson

in Real Materialism: and Other Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199267422
eISBN:
9780191708343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267422.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Some think the regularity theory of causation must be true. They argue that the regularity of the world must in the end be a ‘brute’ fact, something for which there is no reason or explanation. This ... More


Developmental Theism: From Pure Will to Unbounded Love

Peter Forrest

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199214587
eISBN:
9780191706523
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214587.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Religion

This book is a speculative philosophical theology based on three themes: that a version of materialism is a help, not a hindrance, in philosophical theology; that God develops; and that this ... More


Laws and Lawmakers Science, Metaphysics, and the Laws of Nature

Marc Lange

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195328134
eISBN:
9780199870042
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328134.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Laws of nature have long puzzled philosophers. What distinguishes laws from facts about the world that do not rise to the level of laws? How can laws be contingent and nevertheless necessary? In what ... More


Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Walter Ott

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570430
eISBN:
9780191722394
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570430.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Some philosophers think physical explanations stand on their own: what happens, happens because things have the properties they do. Others think that any such explanation is incomplete: what happens ... More


The Divine Lawmaker: Lectures on Induction, Laws of Nature, and the Existence of God

John Foster

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199250592
eISBN:
9780191600913
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250596.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In our experience so far, the universe has worked in remarkably regular ways, and these regularities call for explanation. One way of accounting for them would be to suppose that things have been ... More


Kinds, Essence, and Natural Necessity

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The distinction between natural necessity and metaphysical necessity is examined. An account is advanced of the logical form of statements of natural law, contrasting with that of D. M. Armstrong. ... More


Possibility, Actuality, Necessity

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is argued, using the Entailment Principle, that for any contingent truth, the truthmaker for the truth is also a truthmaker for the possibility that it is false. This may be called the Possibility ... More


The Rational Disciplines: Logic and Mathematics 1

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Logical and mathematical truths differ from the empirical sciences in being necessary; they can be discovered a priori and in general can be proved (contra Quine). How is this possible? This problem ... More


Categorial Ontology and Scientific Essentialism

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The sense in which laws are necessary is reviewed. The relationship between natural laws and natural kinds is emphasized. The relationship between natural laws and causal powers is further explored, ... More


Conclusion

Walter Ott

in Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570430
eISBN:
9780191722394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570430.003.0029
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter returns to one of the questions with which this book began: Why does the conception of causal necessity as logical necessity so outlive the notion of powers on which it was based? The ... More


Why there is Something rather than Nothing

Bede Rundle

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199270507
eISBN:
9780191601392
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270503.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

If, as the theist maintains, God is a being who exists of necessity, his existence explains why there is something rather than nothing. However, a less demanding explanation is also possible: not ... More


Leibniz: Nature and Freedom

Donald Rutherford and J. A. Cover (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195143744
eISBN:
9780199835317
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143744.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book presents 12 essays that illustrate the current state of scholarship on Leibniz’s metaphysics. Essays 1 and 2 tackle the different aspects of one of the main topics of Leibniz’s metaphysics ... More


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