Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 27 items

  • Keywords: necessary conditions x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Strategies for Refuting Closure for Knowledge

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0033
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is a reply to Ted Warfield's claim that you cannot refute closure by showing that some necessary condition for knowledge is not closed.


Mathematical Prelude: A Selective Introduction to Logic and Set Theory for Social Scientists

Gary Goertz and James Mahoney

in A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149707
eISBN:
9781400845446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149707.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter considers some key ideas from logic and set theory as they relate to qualitative research in the social sciences, including ideas concerning necessary and sufficient conditions. It also ... More


Prerequisites

Hidemi Suganami

in On the Causes of War

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273387
eISBN:
9780191684043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273387.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The conditions that must be present for wars to occur may be called ‘prerequisites’ or ‘necessary conditions’ of war. If such conditions do exist, we may be able to identify them, and perhaps even ... More


Complex Causation and Contextualized Capitalisms

Michel Goyer

in Contingent Capital: Short-term Investors and the Evolution of Corporate Governance in France and Germany

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199578085
eISBN:
9780191731051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578085.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

The importance of institutions as a critical independent variable has been prominent in social sciences. Scholars working with an institutional perspective rarely advance the notion that only ... More


Causation, Rights-Violations, and Wrongdoing

Michael Moore

in Placing Blame: A Theory of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599493
eISBN:
9780191594649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599493.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

If causing matters to degrees of blameworthiness, as was argued in chapter 5 that it does, then some idea of what causation is needs to be developed. This chapter is preliminary to a later book, ... More


INTERPOLATION IN MODAL INFINITE SLICE LOGICS CONTAINING THE LOGIC K4

D.M. Gabbay and L. Maksimova

in Interpolation and Definability: Modal and Intuitionistic Logics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198511748
eISBN:
9780191705779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198511748.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter examines the family NE(K) of normal extensions of K4. With any such logic L its reflexive fragment r(L) is associated, which contains the logic S4. A logic L is of infinite slice if ... More


Necessary Conditions for Democratic Reform

Matt Ryan

in Why Citizen Participation Succeeds or Fails: A Comparative Analysis of Participatory Budgeting

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781529209921
eISBN:
9781529209952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529209921.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents the analysis of necessary conditions and shows that strong claims about finding necessary conditions in PB research have been premature. Nevertheless, there is strong evidence ... More


‘Whatever Begins to Exist Must Have a Cause of Existence’: Hume's Analysis and Kant's Response

Henry E. Allison

in Custom and Reason in Hume: A Kantian Reading of the First Book of the Treatise

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532889
eISBN:
9780191714450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532889.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter analyzes Hume's treatment of the principle that every beginning of existence (event) has a cause and Kant's response. It notes that Hume does not challenge the principle itself, but ... More


Sufficiency and Circularity

Colin McGinn

in Truth by Analysis: Games, Names, and Philosophy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199856145
eISBN:
9780199919567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856145.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The previous chapter rejected an influential argument from Wittgenstein purporting to show that some concepts lack necessary conditions. It also endorsed an analysis of the concept game that supplies ... More


Pathways to Conflict Using Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA)

Marinko Bobić

in Why Minor Powers Risk Wars with Major Powers: A Comparative Study of the Post-Cold War Era

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781529205206
eISBN:
9781529205244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529205206.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter three provides a medium-N, Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) analysis of the empirical record, assessing the outcomes of all 20 militarised interstate disputes that have taken place in ... More


Grounds of Moral Human Rights

Carl Wellman

in The Moral Dimensions of Human Rights

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199744787
eISBN:
9780199827138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744787.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter explains the grounds of moral human rights. Basal rights are grounded on moral reasons other than some prior right but often ground derived rights. Their grounds are primarily the harms ... More


Necessary and Sufficient Conditions in Tort Law

TONY HONORÉ

in The Philosophical Foundations of Tort Law

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265795
eISBN:
9780191682971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265795.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Argument about causation inside and outside the law is often concerned with the following question: Must a cause be a necessary condition of a result, a sufficient condition of the result, or a ... More


The Third Analogy: Interaction

Georges Dicker

in Kant's Theory of Knowledge: An Analytical Introduction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195153064
eISBN:
9780199835027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195153065.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter offers a detailed analysis and a critique of Kant’s attempt in the Third Analogy to prove that all substances stand in relations of causal reciprocity. It discusses implications of ... More


Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA): What It Is, What It Does, and How It Works

Claudius Wagemann

in Methodological Practices in Social Movement Research

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198719571
eISBN:
9780191788666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719571.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In this chapter, Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) is introduced as a research design which can be a fruitful tool for the (comparative) analysis of social movements. QCA is a case-study ... More


beyond Hume and Wolff

Udo Thiel

in The Early Modern Subject: Self-Consciousness and Personal Identity from Descartes to Hume

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199542499
eISBN:
9780191730917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542499.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The Conclusion outlines the general themes and development that characterize eighteenth-century debates about self-consciousness and personal identity after Hume, Wolff and his followers and critics ... More


Causal Propensities: Statistical Causality versus Aleatory Causality

Wesley C. Salmon

in Causality and Explanation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108644
eISBN:
9780199833627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108647.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Argues that indeterministic causality cannot be explicated adequately by means of statistical‐relevance relations alone. Physical considerations are also required. The same point applies to ... More


Setting the Stage

Henry E. Allison

in Kant's Transcendental Deduction: An Analytical-Historical Commentary

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198724858
eISBN:
9780191792397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198724858.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter is concerned with two main topics: an analysis of “On the Clue to the Discovery of All Pure Concepts of the Understanding,” which Kant referred to in the second edition as the ... More


Population Cycles Inferences from Experimental, Modeling, and Time Series Approaches

Xavier Lambin and Charles J. Krebs

in Population Cycles: The Case for Trophic Interactions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195140989
eISBN:
9780197561751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195140989.003.0013
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Some of the most interesting debates in population ecology have taken place within the context of population cycles. Their study has been a fertile ground for the development of ideas on how ... More


Second-Order Conditions

John E. Prussing

in Optimal Spacecraft Trajectories

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198811084
eISBN:
9780191848360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811084.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

Second-order conditions for both parameter optimization problems and optimal control problems are analysed. A new conjugate point test procedure is discussed and illustrated. For an optimal control ... More


What Would a Justified Preventive Military Attack Look Like?*

Henry Shue

in Fighting Hurt: Rule and Exception in Torture and War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198767626
eISBN:
9780191821486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198767626.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

After some necessary conditions for a justified preventive military attack have been detailed, one can judge how likely the conjunction of them all is. The first requirement is that the attack must ... More


View: