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Cosmic Wonder and Cosmological Arguments for God

C. Stephen Evans

in Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that a theistic natural sign pointing to God's existence lies at the core of cosmological arguments; this sign is called “cosmic wonder” and is sometimes elicited by considering ... More


The Metaphysics of Theism: Aquinas's Natural Theology in Summa contra gentiles I

Norman Kretzmann

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246533
eISBN:
9780191597886
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924653X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The Metaphysics of Theism presents an explanation and evaluation of Aquinas's natural theology, the paradigm of which is the first book of the Summa contra gentiles. Natural theology ... More


Parmenides' Three Ways

John Palmer

in Parmenides and Presocratic Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199567904
eISBN:
9780191721717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567904.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

After a non-allegorical reading of Parmenides' proem in fragment 1 that identifies its major figures and topography, this chapter focuses on the interpretive issues arising from fragment 2's ... More


The Existence of Alpha

Norman Kretzmann

in The Metaphysics of Theism: Aquinas's Natural Theology in Summa contra gentiles I

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246533
eISBN:
9780191597886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924653X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Without a good argument as yet for the existence of God or anything else that might count as the universal first source of being and assuming that there is an answer to the question, why is there ... More


From Independence to Perfection

Norman Kretzmann

in The Metaphysics of Theism: Aquinas's Natural Theology in Summa contra gentiles I

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246533
eISBN:
9780191597886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924653X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Identifying an acknowledged first cause as God requires further argumentation to show that this extraordinary entity must have characteristics that pick out the supreme being of the monotheistic ... More


The Ontological Argument

Robert Merrihew Adams

in Leibniz: Determinist, Theist, Idealist

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126495
eISBN:
9780199870974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195126491.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Leibniz's version of the ontological argument, a modal argument for theism on which he worked most intensively in the 1670s, has two stages. The first, an “incomplete” proof, concludes that God can ... More


What Must Be and What Is and Is Not

John Palmer

in Parmenides and Presocratic Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199567904
eISBN:
9780191721717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567904.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The first part of this chapter provides detailed analyses of the arguments comprising fragment 8's Way of Conviction. Parmenides here develops his necessary being ontology by demonstrating what what ... More


Presumption of Possibility

Robert Merrihew Adams

in Leibniz: Determinist, Theist, Idealist

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126495
eISBN:
9780199870974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195126491.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Leibniz held that even if we had no proof of the possibility premise of the ontological argument, a presumption would justify accepting it. He had an extensive theory of presumptions, as a part of ... More


Beyond A/theism? Quentin Meillassoux

Christopher Watkin

in Difficult Atheism: Post-Theological Thinking in Alain Badiou, Jean-Luc Nancy and Quentin Meillassoux

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748640577
eISBN:
9780748671793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640577.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter introduces the reader to the arguments of Quentin Meillassoux’s The Divine Inexistence. Meillassoux seeks to establish the post-theological in terms of his ‘principle of factiality’, ... More


Parmenides and Presocratic Philosophy

John Palmer

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199567904
eISBN:
9780191721717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567904.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This book develops and defends a modal interpretation of Parmenides, according to which he was the first philosopher to distinguish in a rigorous manner the fundamental modalities of necessary being, ... More


The guessing game

Susan Strange

in Casino Capitalism: with an introduction by Matthew Watson

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784992651
eISBN:
9781526104168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992651.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

We have seen that increased uncertainty has produced a marked hypertrophy of financial markets and financial dealing, much of it speculative in character. It has also increased the inequality in ... More


A Necessary Being

Richard Swinburne

in The Coherence of Theism: Second Edition

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198779698
eISBN:
9780191825972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198779698.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

On a weak account of ‘necessary being’, God is a necessary being in the sense that he is uncaused. On a strong account of ‘necessary being’, God is a metaphysically necessary being, which entails ... More


The Cosmological Argument

Ian Proops

in The Fiery Test of Critique: A Reading of Kant's Dialectic

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780199656042
eISBN:
9780191905223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199656042.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues, controversially, that all three of Kant’s announced criticisms are working parts of his critique of the cosmological argument. To see this point we need to appreciate that for ... More


Could God Be a Necessary Being?

Richard Swinburne

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198722335
eISBN:
9780191789229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722335.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

A maximalist account of divine necessity holds that the proposition ‘God exists’ is metaphysically necessary, which the chapter interprets as being ‘logically necessary’ when informative designators ... More


Why Is There Anything at All?

Joshua Rasmussen and Christopher Gregory Weaver

in Two Dozen (or so) Arguments for God: The Plantinga Project

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190842215
eISBN:
9780190874445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190842215.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter marks out a two-stage argument from contingency for a maximally great being. In the first stage, the authors support premises in a modal cosmological argument for a Necessary Foundation ... More


Introduction

Alexander R. Pruss and Joshua L. Rasmussen

in Necessary Existence

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198746898
eISBN:
9780191809118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746898.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

Why care whether there is a necessary being? The chapter opens with an explanation of how the question of whether there is a necessary being matters in theology, cosmology, and debates about ... More


Necessary Existence

Alexander R. Pruss and Joshua L. Rasmussen

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198746898
eISBN:
9780191809118
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746898.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

A necessary being is a concrete entity that cannot fail to exist. An example of such a being might be the God of classical theism or the universe of necessitarians. Necessary Existence offers and ... More


The Fourth Antinomy

Ian Proops

in The Fiery Test of Critique: A Reading of Kant's Dialectic

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780199656042
eISBN:
9780191905223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199656042.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the thesis and antithesis of the fourth antinomy—along with their supporting arguments. It argues that Kant seeks to resolve this antinomy by a strategy paralleling the one he ... More


Grounding and Reflexivity

Ricki Bliss

in Reality and its Structure: Essays in Fundamentality

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198755630
eISBN:
9780191816772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755630.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Grounding is commonly assumed to induce a strict partial ordering: it is said to be asymmetric, transitive and irreflexive. Why it is that we ought to believe that grounding is irreflexive, in ... More


The Coherence of Theism: Second Edition

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198779698
eISBN:
9780191825972
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198779698.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book investigates on which understandings of the nature of God, it is coherent to hold, that is it is metaphysically possible, that God exists. Part I analyses what it is for a proposition to be ... More


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