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 A Posteriori Entailment

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents the view that the supervenience of the experiential on the non-experiential is irreducibly a posteriori — the a posteriori entailment view. The main problem for this view ... More


Preliminaries

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter characterizes essentialism, and distinguishes essentialism about individuals from essentialism about natural kinds, arguing that the first does, but the second need not, involve de re ... More


Qualia and Sensory Content

Joseph Mendola

in Anti-Externalism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534999
eISBN:
9780191715969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534999.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the correct internalist account of perceptual experience involves four key claims, that sensory contents are qualia, that experiences of qualia are constituted in a necessary ... More


Possible Worlds and the Necessary A Posteriori

Frank Jackson

in Modality: Metaphysics, Logic, and Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199565818
eISBN:
9780191722004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565818.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

W. V. Quine's famous objection to essentialism has provoked two responses. The unfriendly response is that it conflates the de re and the de dicto. The friendly response does not dispute the point ... More


Kripke on Epistemic and Metaphysical Possibility: Two Routes to the Necessary a Posteriori

Scott Soames

in Analytic Philosophy in America: And Other Historical and Contemporary Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160726
eISBN:
9781400850464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160726.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter discusses Saul Kripke’s treatment of the necessary a posteriori and concomitant distinction between epistemic and metaphysical possibility. It extracts the enduring lessons of his ... More


Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda of Naming and Necessity

Scott Soames

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145281
eISBN:
9780199833702
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145283.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

In Naming and Necessity Saul Kripke undermined descriptive analyses of names by showing that names are rigid designators; thereby telling us what their meanings are not, but not what they are. In ... More


Truth in Virtue of Intentionality, Or, The Return of the Analytic-Synthetic Distinction

Robert Hanna

in Cognition, Content, and the A Priori: A Study in the Philosophy of Mind and Knowledge

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198716297
eISBN:
9780191785009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716297.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What is the analytic-synthetic distinction? According to the contemporary Kantian conception offered in this book, it is the categorically sharp contrast between two fundamentally different kinds of ... More


Millian Meaning and Pseudo‐Fregean Attitudes

Scott Soames

in Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda of Naming and Necessity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145281
eISBN:
9780199833702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145283.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

It is argued that the propositions semantically expressed by attitude ascriptions report relations to the Russellian propositions expressed by their complement clauses, and hence that pairs of ... More


What Is It for a General Term to Be a Rigid Designator?

Scott Soames

in Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda of Naming and Necessity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145281
eISBN:
9780199833702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145283.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Ch. 9 initiates an investigation of the similarities between proper names and natural kind terms by arguing that although most proper names are clearly rigid, application of the notion of rigid ... More


Epistemology factualized

Ori Simchen

in Necessary Intentionality: A Study in the Metaphysics of Aboutness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199608515
eISBN:
9780191738241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608515.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses ramifications of the fact that terms in language and thought can be necessarily about whatever they are about for a problem inherited from Kripke: how to reconcile commitment ... More


What Do Natural Kind Predicates Have in Common With Proper Names?

Scott Soames

in Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda of Naming and Necessity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145281
eISBN:
9780199833702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145283.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

In Ch.10, it is argued that the crucial similarities between proper names and natural kind terms, including simple natural kind predicates, are the result of the nondescriptionality of such terms, ... More


How to carve across the joints in nature without abandoning Kripke–Putnam semantics 1

Helen Beebee

in Metaphysics and Science

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199674527
eISBN:
9780191760013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674527.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

‘Natural kind essentialism’—here defined as the view that (i) the existence of natural kinds is a mind- and theory-independent matter, (ii) their essences are intrinsic, and (iii) they have a ... More


Exemplarist Semantics and Meta-Ethics

Linda Zagzebski

in Exemplarist Moral Theory

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780190655846
eISBN:
9780190655853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190655846.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter I look at a famous argument that there are necessary a posteriori truths that comes from Saul Kripke, modified by Keith Donnellan, and discussed by Nathan Salmon. I then raise the ... More


Natural Kind Predicates, Mass Nouns, and Abstract Singular Terms

Scott Soames

in Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda of Naming and Necessity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145281
eISBN:
9780199833702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145283.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Building on work begun in Ch. 10, I attempt to find another way of characterizing the semantic similarities between natural kind predicates and proper names. In this chapter, I provide a different, ... More


The Truth in Modalism

Sanford Shieh

in Necessity Lost: Modality and Logic in Early Analytic Philosophy, Volume 1

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780199228645
eISBN:
9780191871146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199228645.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter takes up two further issues about Frege’s attitude towards modality. First, Frege doesn’t simply reject the relativization of truth. He gives amodalist explanations of linguistic ... More


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