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Making Connections: Evolution and the Nature and Process of Science

Anna Thanukos and Judy Scotchmoor

in Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199730421
eISBN:
9780199949557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730421.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explores ways that learners’ perceptions of evolution and their perceptions of the nature and process of science may be intertwined. Literature from relevant research in cognitive ... More


God, Science, and Naturalism

Paul R. Draper

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

It is widely claimed in recent years that science and theology can and do interact harmoniously. This chapter, however, explores some areas of potential conflict. Specifically, it asks whether the ... More


An Intentional Approach to Teaching Evolution: Making Students Aware of the Factors Influencing Learning of Microevolution and Macroevolution

Sherry A. Southerland and Louis S. Nadelson

in Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199730421
eISBN:
9780199949557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730421.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Evolution education has been hampered by two conditions. The first is the perception that there is no need to understand anything beyond the short-term processes of evolution (microevolution) to be a ... More


What is Science?

Robin Feldman

in The Role of Science in Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368581
eISBN:
9780199867455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368581.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter highlights key moments in which science emerges and separates from other types of intellectual inquiry. In particular, it focuses on three periods of history that are critical to the ... More


. Kuhn's Challenge to the Rationality of Science

Michael C. Banner

in The Justification of Science and the Rationality of Religious Belief

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240198
eISBN:
9780191680113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240198.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses and examines Kuhn's work in order to understand the nature of science and scientific progress. Based on the discussions in this chapter, it is stated that it is better to grasp ... More


Mill's Rule Utilitarianism in Context

Rex Martin

in John Stuart Mill and the Art of Life

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381245
eISBN:
9780199869213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381245.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The notion of rule utilitarianism has been discussed under two main headings: ideal-rules utilitarianism and “indirect” utilitarianism. The chapter sketches out each perspective along three different ... More


The Promise and Challenges of Introducing Tree Thinking into Evolution Education

Kefyn M. Catley, Laura R. Novick, and Daniel J. Funk

in Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199730421
eISBN:
9780199949557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730421.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Engaging in tree thinking (using phylogenetic diagrams to interpret and infer historical processes) is a prerequisite for understanding macroevolution. Tree thinking has become increasingly important ... More


The Conclusion of Book 1

Robert J. Fogelin

in Hume's Skeptical Crisis: A Textual Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195387391
eISBN:
9780199866489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387391.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter stresses the seriousness of the radical skeptical doubts Hume expresses at the close of book 1 of the Treatise. Looking back at what started out as a voyage of discovery, Hume is ... More


Methodological Reflections

Harry Collins

in Gravity's Ghost and Big Dog: Scientific Discovery and Social Analysis in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226052298
eISBN:
9780226052328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226052328.003.0019
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Did the author ‘go native’ to a damaging extent in studying the Big Dog episode? Should the author have tried to make a contribution to the physics? How the scientists criticised the author and how ... More


The Common Sense of a Poet: James Beattie’s (1770)

R. J. W. Mills

in Common Sense in the Scottish Enlightenment

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198783909
eISBN:
9780191826559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783909.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines the writing and content of James Beattie’s (1735–1803) best-selling Essay on Truth (1770) in terms of his motivations and interests in the late 1760s. The Essay was intended to ... More


Twenty-Five Philosophical Decisions

Harry Collins

in Gravity's Ghost and Big Dog: Scientific Discovery and Social Analysis in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226052298
eISBN:
9780226052328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226052328.003.0016
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

It is shown that what seems like a scientific conclusion rests of twenty-five ‘philosophical’ choices – that is, choices the answer to which cannot be measured or calculated but must rest on ... More


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