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Nature's Metaphysics: Laws and Properties

Alexander Bird

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199227013
eISBN:
9780191711121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227013.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What are the laws of nature, and what explains their existence? This book develops the proposal that the laws of nature are grounded in the essences of properties. It is argued that fundamental ... More


The Law-Governed Universe

John T. Roberts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book articulates and defends a new philosophical account of laws of nature. According to this account, lawhood is a meta‐theoretic notion: the primary concept is that of a law of a particular ... More


The meta‐theoretic conception of laws

John T. Roberts

in The Law-Governed Universe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

According to the meta‐theoretic conception of laws of nature, the concept of a law of a scientific theory is prior to that of a law of nature. To be a law of a theory is not just to be called a law ... More


The Metaphysics Within Physics

Tim Maudlin

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199218219
eISBN:
9780191711596
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218219.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What fundamental account of the world is implicit in physical theory? Physics straightforwardly postulates quarks and electrons, but what of the more intangible elements, such as laws of nature, ... More


Aristotle on Teleology in Nature

David Bostock

in Space, Time, Matter, and Form: Essays on Aristotle's Physics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286867
eISBN:
9780191603532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286868.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This essay begins by approving Aristotle’s general argument for teleology in Physics II.8. It then explores his use of teleological explanations in the biological works, distinguishing his practice ... More


The law‐governed world‐picture

John T. Roberts

in The Law-Governed Universe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The idea that science has discovered that our universe is governed by laws of nature is arguably an important part of the modern scientific world‐view. The distinction between laws and other truths ... More


Manifest Realism I: A Critique of Scientific Essentialism

Robert Hanna

in Kant, Science, and Human Nature

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199285549
eISBN:
9780191713965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285549.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter makes a negative case for Kant's manifest realism by criticizing the leading contemporary version of maximal scientific realism, namely, scientific essentialism. It begins with a ... More


Categorial Ontology and Scientific Essentialism

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The sense in which laws are necessary is reviewed. The relationship between natural laws and natural kinds is emphasized. The relationship between natural laws and causal powers is further explored, ... More


Is There a God?

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780198235446
eISBN:
9780191705618
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235446.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book is a short and non-technical presentation of the cumulative argument for the existence of God. An explanatory hypothesis is probable insofar as it leads us to expect many otherwise ... More


Kinds, Essence, and Natural Necessity

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The distinction between natural necessity and metaphysical necessity is examined. An account is advanced of the logical form of statements of natural law, contrasting with that of D. M. Armstrong. ... More


In defense of some received views

John T. Roberts

in The Law-Governed Universe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter defends four assumptions that will be taken for granted in the chapters to follow. None of these four assumptions is uncommon, but none is uncontroversial. One assumption is that at ... More


A Modest Proposal Concerning Laws, Counterfactuals, and Explanations

Tim Maudlin

in The Metaphysics Within Physics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199218219
eISBN:
9780191711596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218219.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter outlines the systematic connections between beliefs about laws of nature and a small assortment of other beliefs. The examination has been carried out predominantly in what may be called ... More


Participation and the Law: God's Accommodation to Humanity so that Humanity may be Accommodated to God

J. Todd Billings

in Calvin, Participation, and the Gift: The Activity of Believers in Union with Christ

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199211876
eISBN:
9780191706004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211876.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter shows the way in which Calvin has a complex, multifaceted theology of the law with strong connections to his notion of ‘participation in Christ’. The law is God's accommodation to ... More


Bernard Bosanquet

T.L.S. Sprigge

in The God of Metaphysics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199283040
eISBN:
9780191603662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199283044.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter begins with a description of the life and early works of Bernard Bosanquet which show some remarkable insights into the future of Christianity. It then turns to his later work, ... More


Beyond Humean and non‐Humean

John T. Roberts

in The Law-Governed Universe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Much of the recent literature on laws of nature is about the dispute between Humean and Non‐Humean accounts of laws. The MAL does not fit easily in either camp. Like Humean views, it is ontologically ... More


Laws and Lawmakers Science, Metaphysics, and the Laws of Nature

Marc Lange

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195328134
eISBN:
9780199870042
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328134.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Laws of nature have long puzzled philosophers. What distinguishes laws from facts about the world that do not rise to the level of laws? How can laws be contingent and nevertheless necessary? In what ... More


Dispositions and Natural Laws

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The customary distinction between dispositional and categorical properties is critically examined, and replaced by one between dispositional and occurrent predication. The ontological ground of the ... More


Categoricalism

Alexander Bird

in Nature's Metaphysics: Laws and Properties

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199227013
eISBN:
9780191711121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227013.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Categoricalism is the view that all fundamental natural properties are categorical — they have no nomic or causal essences. Categoricalism is explored as a conception of properties and as a basis for ... More


When would the laws have been different?

John T. Roberts

in The Law-Governed Universe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The principle NP (nomological preservation) says (roughly) that the actual laws of nature would still have been the laws of nature under any counterfactual supposition that does not logically entail ... More


The Divine Lawmaker: Lectures on Induction, Laws of Nature, and the Existence of God

John Foster

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199250592
eISBN:
9780191600913
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250596.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In our experience so far, the universe has worked in remarkably regular ways, and these regularities call for explanation. One way of accounting for them would be to suppose that things have been ... More


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