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The Metaphysics of Theism: Aquinas's Natural Theology in Summa contra gentiles I

Norman Kretzmann

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246533
eISBN:
9780191597886
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924653X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The Metaphysics of Theism presents an explanation and evaluation of Aquinas's natural theology, the paradigm of which is the first book of the Summa contra gentiles. Natural theology ... More


Hindu God, Christian God: How Reason Helps Break Down the Boundaries Between Religions

Francis X. Clooney

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138542
eISBN:
9780199834099
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138546.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Hindu God, Christian God, an exercise in comparative theology, proposes that theology today is an interreligious discipline and illustrates this with reference to Christianity and ... More


The Visibility of God

Paul Helm

in Calvin at the Centre

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199532186
eISBN:
9780191714580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532186.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Calvin is frequently accused of maintaining that God acts arbitrarily, on the basis that he has an unknowable nature which may act capriciously. This chapter argues that this view or set of views is ... More


What God Is not

Brian Davies

in The Thought of Thomas Aquinas

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198267539
eISBN:
9780191600500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198267533.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The view of Thomas Aquinas that we can only know what God is not, rather than what he is, is discussed. The first part of the chapter outlines Aquinas’ basic position on this matter in relation to ... More


Talking About God

Brian Davies

in The Thought of Thomas Aquinas

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198267539
eISBN:
9780191600500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198267533.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Since Thomas Aquinas considers God to be entirely mysterious and unknowable, the question is discussed of his position on how we can think of, or indeed say anything about him. The attitude of ... More


God, Science, and Naturalism

Paul R. Draper

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

It is widely claimed in recent years that science and theology can and do interact harmoniously. This chapter, however, explores some areas of potential conflict. Specifically, it asks whether the ... More


Process Thinking, the Creation of Value, and Approaches to Ethics

Clare Palmer

in Environmental Ethics and Process Thinking

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269526
eISBN:
9780191683664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269526.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

In his later philosophical endeavours, the fundamental concern of Whitehead veered away from moral philosophy and instead aimed at the construction of a new metaphysics. As such, a corresponding ... More


The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis from Science to Religion

Philip Clayton and Paul Davies (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199544318
eISBN:
9780191701351
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544318.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Much of the modern period was dominated by a ‘reductionist’ theory of science. On this view, to explain any event in the world is to reduce it down to fundamental particles, laws, and forces. In ... More


Berne 1793–1796: Reason and Freedom

H. S. Harris

in Hegel's Development

Published in print:
1971
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243588
eISBN:
9780191680700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243588.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter details Hegel's activities from 1793 to 1796. These include an account of his life in Berne, his initial views on of the ideal toward which men ought to aim as rational and social ... More


The Tyranny of Nature over the Greek Gods: Variations of Physical Interpretation

Michael D. Konaris

in The Greek Gods in Modern Scholarship: Interpretation and Belief in Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century Germany and Britain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198737896
eISBN:
9780191801426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737896.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

The first chapter examines different versions of the theory that the Greek gods had been gods of natural elements. This was the most influential theory in both Germany and Britain for the greater ... More


Religion and Theology II: Hobbes’s Natural Theology

Devin Stauffer

in Hobbes's Kingdom of Light: A Study of the Foundations of Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226552903
eISBN:
9780226553061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226553061.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses Hobbes’s account of “the kingdom of God by nature” in Chapter 31 of Leviathan. Hobbes here develops a new natural theology that contains an implicit critique of traditional ... More


Philosophy and God's Nature: Second Thoughts

John Finnis

in Religion and Public Reasons: Collected Essays Volume V

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580095
eISBN:
9780191729416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580095.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter offers a reflection on the treatment in Natural Law and Natural Rights (1980) of the question how the basic human goods and requirements of practical reasonableness are related to, or in ... More


To Make a Rainbow

Lenn E. Goodman

in The Holy One of Israel

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190698478
eISBN:
9780190698508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190698478.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Judaism

Turning to thoughts of God’s activity in nature, in Chapter 4 we take emergence as the broadest expression of God’s work (and play!) in the cosmos. Biological evolution and the rise of consciousness ... More


Divine Sovereignty and Aseity

William E. Mann

in God, Modality, and Morality

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199370764
eISBN:
9780199373635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199370764.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Moral Philosophy

God’s sovereignty entails that everything depends on God for its being. The notion of God’s sovereignty has different, successively more ambitious levels. (1) Everything that is not God is created ex ... More


Nature, Gods, and Governance

in What Did the Romans Know?: An Inquiry into Science and Worldmaking

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226471143
eISBN:
9780226471150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226471150.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter selects Cicero as the starting point, arguing that the engagement with nature in his thinking is very closely related to his concerns in politics and law. It discusses how the Roman ... More


The Passibility or Impassibility of God: Answers to J. K. Mozley’s ‘Six Necessary Questions’

Jürgen Moltmann

in Within the Love of God: Essays on the Doctrine of God in Honour of Paul S. Fiddes

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198709565
eISBN:
9780191779794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709565.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter offers answers to the six questions that J. K. Mozley poses at the end of his influential 1926 book, The Impassibility of God. These concern whether God’s nature is to be understood in ... More


Between Isaac Newton and Enlightenment Newtonianism: The ‘God Question’ in the Eighteenth Century

J. B. Shank

in Science Without God?: Rethinking the History of Scientific Naturalism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198834588
eISBN:
9780191872679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834588.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

A pervasive, and still stubbornly persuasive, Enlightenment story holds that Isaac Newton’s 1687 Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica played a decisive role in naturalizing early modern ... More


Nature Is One: Nature and the “natures” It Produces

Joseph Almog

in Everything in Its Right Place: Spinoza and Life by the Light of Nature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199314393
eISBN:
9780199350988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199314393.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter lays out Spinoza’s global to local distinct metaphysics methodology. It primes as the originary being Nature, in contrast to most modern ontologies, which proceed local to global and do ... More


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