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Introduction

Mark Tatham and Katherine Morton

in Expression in Speech: Analysis and Synthesis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250677
eISBN:
9780191719462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250677.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

Contemporary speech production theory is introduced as the basis for modelling expression and emotive content in speech. The necessity for a computational approach is argued, together with the need ... More


Expression in Synthetic Speech

Mark Tatham and Katherine Morton

in Expression in Speech: Analysis and Synthesis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250677
eISBN:
9780191719462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250677.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter emphasizes the distinction between intelligible synthetic speech and natural-sounding synthetic speech: expressive and emotive content contribute greatly to naturalness. All natural ... More


religion is perfectly natural, not naturally perfect

D. Jason Slone

in Theological Incorrectness: Why Religious People Believe What They Shouldn't

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169263
eISBN:
9780199835256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169263.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The cognitive approach to religion is a “naturalness” thesis because cognitive scientists believe that religion is a by-product of the process of ordinary human cognition. Thus, cognition operates in ... More


Introduction

D. Gary Miller

in Language Change and Linguistic Theory, Volume I: Approaches, Methodology, and Sound Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199583423
eISBN:
9780191723438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583423.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This non‐introductory treatise examines topics involving change in different components of the grammar from the perspectives of theory, acquisition, variation, and motivation. Traditional concerns, ... More


Making a Good Life: An Ethnography of Nature, Ethics, and Reproduction

Katharine Dow

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167480
eISBN:
9781400881062
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167480.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This book takes a timely look at the ideas and values that inform how people think about reproduction and assisted reproductive technologies. In an era of heightened scrutiny about parenting and ... More


Carving Content at the Joints

Stephen Yablo

in Things: Papers on Objects, Events, and Properties

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199266487
eISBN:
9780191594274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266487.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Frege's content carving approach to mathematical ontology overgenerates; for all manner of objects come into view when we recarve, the vast majority with nothing whatsoever to recommend them. This ... More


Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, Volume 8

Karen Bennett and Dean W. Zimmerman (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682904
eISBN:
9780191763083
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682904.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Oxford Studies in Metaphysics is dedicated to the timely publication of new work in metaphysics, broadly construed. These volumes provide a forum for the best new work in this ... More


Epistemological Reflection on Knowledge of the External World

Barry Stroud

in Understanding Human Knowledge: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252138
eISBN:
9780191598500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252130.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Stroud emphasizes, against Michael Williams, the ‘naturalness’ of epistemological theorizing and the apparent irresistibility of scepticism. Stroud argues that even if philosophical assumptions or ... More


Dealing with Naturalness

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The naturalness problem is regarded by most physicists as one of the primary motivations for expecting new particles or new phenomena in zeptospace. This conceptual problem arises from the existence ... More


Discovering the Befitting: A Better Model

Tad Brennan

in The Stoic Life: Emotions, Duties, and Fate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199256266
eISBN:
9780191603075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256268.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines the problems of the Indifferents-Only model. This model was replaced by a Naturalness-Only model, while the Salva Virtute model was replaced by the No Shoving model. The two new ... More


Beyond Belief: The Steady Resurrection of Phenetics

David M. Williams, Malte C. Ebach, and Quentin D. Wheeler

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In his account of the history of numerical taxonomy, P. H. A. Sneath argued that Hennigian cladistics is a side issue that has not proven its value, and that numerical taxonomy is “the greatest ... More


Origin Stories

Katharine Dow

in Making a Good Life: An Ethnography of Nature, Ethics, and Reproduction

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167480
eISBN:
9781400881062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167480.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the importance of ideas of nature to how people in Spey Bay think about the relationship between maternal bonding and gender differences in parenting. It begins by outlining two ... More


Individualism and the Neo-Daoist Movement in Wei-Jin China

Ying-shih Yü

Josephine Chiu-Duke and Michael S. Duke (eds)

in Chinese History and Culture: Sixth Century B.C.E. to Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178587
eISBN:
9780231542012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178587.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This study explores the Neo-Daoist movement as an example of one type of Chinese individualism. It shows how this individualism arose along with the profound social and intellectual crisis at the end ... More


The Nature of Artifacts

Steven Vogel

in Thinking like a Mall: Environmental Philosophy after the End of Nature

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029100
eISBN:
9780262326988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029100.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Environmental restoration projects have been criticized by some (e.g. Katz) on the grounds that restored environments are no longer “natural,” but are rather anthropocentric “artifacts.” Nature for ... More


The Geneticization of Achievement

Helga Nowotny and Giuseppe Testa

in Naked Genes: Reinventing the Human in the Molecular Age

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262014939
eISBN:
9780262295802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014939.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The striving for the improvement of human capabilities is ancient, yet in the overarching continuity of this striving, the possibility of human genetic enhancement is bringing forth new ... More


Carving Nature at Its Joints: Natural Kinds in Metaphysics and Science

Joseph Keim Campbell, Michael O'Rourke, and Matthew H. Slater (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015936
eISBN:
9780262298780
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015936.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Contemporary discussions of the success of science often invoke an ancient metaphor from Plato’s Phaedrus: successful theories should “carve nature at its joints,” but is nature really “jointed?” Are ... More


Naturalness

Cian Dorr and John Hawthorne

in Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, Volume 8

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682904
eISBN:
9780191763083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682904.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Lewis’s notion of a ‘natural’ property has proved divisive: some have taken to the notion with enthusiasm, while others have been sceptical. However, it is far from obvious what the enthusiasts and ... More


Induction, Samples, and Kinds

Peter Godfrey-Smith

in Carving Nature at Its Joints: Natural Kinds in Metaphysics and Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015936
eISBN:
9780262298780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015936.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter criticizes a familiar group of ideas about “inductive” inference, and uses that criticism to promote a different group. Many hold on to the position that induction is rational because, ... More


Scandal, sentiment and shepherdesses: the emergence of modern sophistication

in Sophistication: A Literary and Cultural History

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846312328
eISBN:
9781846316111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846312328.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter examines the history the emergence of modern sophistication during the Romantic era. It provides literary, cultural, and critical contexts for the period and analyses a wide range of ... More


Neither Friends nor Enemies: The Complex Relationship between Cognitive and Humanistic Accounts of Religious Belief

Léon Turner

in Evolution, Religion, and Cognitive Science: Critical and Constructive Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688081
eISBN:
9780191767722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688081.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Religion and Society

This chapter argues that, whereas some (perhaps most) of CSR’s widely accepted cognitive explanations of various aspects of religion leave plenty of room for alternative, non-contradictory ... More


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