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Quine versus Davidson: Truth, Reference, and Meaning

Gary Kemp

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199695621
eISBN:
9780191738524
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695621.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

So far as language and meaning are concerned, Donald Davidson and Willard Van Orman Quine are typically regarded as birds of a feather. This book urges first of all that they cannot be. Quine’s most ... More


Naturalizing Epistemology: Quine, Simon, and the Prospects for Pragmatism

Stephen Stich

in Collected Papers, Volume 2: Knowledge, Rationality, and Morality, 1978-2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199733477
eISBN:
9780199949823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733477.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In recent years there has been a great deal of discussion about the prospects of developing a “naturalized epistemology,” though different authors tend to interpret this label in quite different ... More


The Epistemological Spectrum: At the Interface of Cognitive Science and Conceptual Analysis

David K. Henderson and Terence Horgan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608546
eISBN:
9780191729584
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608546.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book argues for several dramatic breaks with the epistemological tradition, while also arguing for significant continuity with epistemology as it has come to be practiced. At important ... More


Epistemic Competence and the Call to Naturalize Epistemology

David Henderson and Terence Horgan

in The Epistemological Spectrum: At the Interface of Cognitive Science and Conceptual Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608546
eISBN:
9780191729584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608546.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Justificatory cognitive processes must be tractable. That one ought to produce and sustain beliefs in certain ways entails that one can. Fitting epistemic standards for human epistemic agents must be ... More


AUTHORITY AND TRANSPARENCY: The Example of Feminist Skepticism

Margaret Urban Walker

in Moral Understandings: A Feminist Study in Ethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315394
eISBN:
9780199872053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315394.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

In an age of moral skepticism, moral philosophers are often casual about their own positions to represent moral life in societies segmented by gender, race, class, and other differences. Drawing on ... More


Naturalized Epistemology

Barry Stroud

in The Significance of Philosophical Scepticism

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198247616
eISBN:
9780191598494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198247613.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, Stroud discusses W. V. Quine’s project of a ‘naturalized epistemology’, and assesses its consequences for philosophical scepticism.According to Quine, science and everyday knowledge ... More


Testimony, Advocacy, Ignorance: Thinking Ecologically about Social Knowledge

Lorraine Code

in Social Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577477
eISBN:
9780191595189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577477.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Epistemologists in the 21st century come from a long tradition in which perception, memory, and testimony were viewed as the sources of knowledge. Of these, perception and memory, however enhanced, ... More


Facets of Naturalism

Gary Kemp

in Quine versus Davidson: Truth, Reference, and Meaning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199695621
eISBN:
9780191738524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695621.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Quine’s naturalism is not well appreciated for either its force or its detail. It is a scientific view of what science, knowledge and objectivity amount to that takes seriously the fact that such a ... More


Ethics Dehumanized

Panayot Butchvarov

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter advocates a return to Moorean independence. One dominant metaethical trend is moral epistemology naturalized. Another metaethical trend has been conceptual analysis, often called ... More


Summary and Conclusion

Robert D. Rupert

in Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195379457
eISBN:
9780199869114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379457.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter summarizes the book's arguments against the extended view, as well as the primary conciliatory contentions advanced with regard to the embedded and embodied views. The chapter closes ... More


Truth, Survival, and Power

Peter Poellner

in Nietzsche and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250630
eISBN:
9780191598258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250630.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In contrast with views that attribute the biological utility of beliefs to their truth, Nietzsche maintains that their relative utility renders them proportionately more likely to be idiosyncratic ... More


Basic Beliefs

Jack C. Lyons

in Perception and Basic Beliefs: Zombies, Modules and the Problem of the External World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195373578
eISBN:
9780199871988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373578.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter extrapolates from the earlier account of perceptual belief and proposes a general theory of basic beliefs: a basic belief is one that is the result of the noninferential operation of a ... More


The Sciences and Epistemology

Alvin I. Goldman

in The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130058
eISBN:
9780199833481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130057.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In “The Sciences and Epistemology,” Alvin Goldman argues that epistemology and the sciences should remain distinct yet cooperative. He presents several examples that illustrate the relevance of ... More


Moral Intuitionism Meets Empirical Psychology

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter claims that recent developments in psychology and brain science cast considerable doubt on moral intuitionism. In arguing for this claim, it first develops a set of six principles ... More


An Overview

David Henderson and Terence Horgan

in The Epistemological Spectrum: At the Interface of Cognitive Science and Conceptual Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608546
eISBN:
9780191729584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608546.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter provides an overview of the chapters to follow, their central arguments, and how the various pieces of the view developed in the book fit together. Two of the subsequent chapters are ... More


Quine's naturalism

Penelope Maddy

in Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199273669
eISBN:
9780191706264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273669.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The closest ancestor of Second Philosophy is Quine's naturalism. This chapter details the Second Philosopher's departures from Quinean orthodoxy: the Quinean chooses naturalism in response to the ... More


Belief and Conjunction

Simon J. Evnine

in Epistemic Dimensions of Personhood

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199239948
eISBN:
9780191716898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239948.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is argued that it is both rational for persons to believe the conjunctions of their beliefs and that they must do so to a large extent. Arguments against the rationality claim stemming from the ... More


Nietzsche and Metaphysics

Peter Poellner

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250630
eISBN:
9780191598258
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250630.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

A reconstruction of Nietzsche's epistemology and metaphysics aimed at isolating and assessing dominant lines of argument concerning truth, knowledge, and reality in Nietzsche's mature and late ... More


Passing by the Naturalistic Turn: on Quine's cul-de-sac

P. M. S. Hacker

in Wittgenstein: Comparisons and Context

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199674824
eISBN:
9780191761287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674824.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

It has been remarked that the distinctive development in philosophy over the past thirty-five years has been a naturalist turn away from the a priori methods of traditional philosophy to a conception ... More


Warrant: Objections and Refinements

Alvin Plantinga

in Warrant and Proper Function

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195078640
eISBN:
9780199872213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195078640.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In order to achieve a deeper understanding of warrant (and in reply to some objections), I turn in this chapter to a closer look at the idea of a design plan. I do so under the following six section ... More


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