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Beyond the Naturalistic Fallacy: The Rediscovery of Aquinas

Anthony J. Lisska

in Aquinas’s Theory of Natural Law: An Analytic Reconstruction

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269670
eISBN:
9780191683732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269670.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter aims to undertake an explication of the structural philosophy on moral theory in analytic philosophy with emphasis on Thomas Aquinas' natural law ethic of self-actualization. It ... More


Natural Law Revisited

Anthony J. Lisska

in Aquinas’s Theory of Natural Law: An Analytic Reconstruction

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269670
eISBN:
9780191683732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269670.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines how Thomas Aquinas' natural law ethical theory might fit into the programme of contemporary moral and legal discussions. The analyses in this chapter indicate how Aristotle and ... More


The Evolutionary Ethics of Alfred C. Kinsey

Frederick B. Churchill

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

As a student of William Morton Wheeler, Kinsey made his first contributions to biology, and adapted the taxonomic methods he had used in research on gall wasps to the study of human sexuality. The ... More


The Naturalistic Fallacy: The Logic of its Refutation

Arthur N. Prior

in Logic and the Basis of Ethics

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241577
eISBN:
9780191680380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241577.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses and explains what Professor G. E. Moore calls naturalistic fallacy, and what he considers to be involved in its fallaciousness. The chapter also gives reasons regarding Moore’s ... More


The Charms and Consequences of Evolutionary Psychology

John Dupré

in Human Nature and the Limits of Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248063
eISBN:
9780191597367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248060.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Considers, first, why the programme of evolutionary psychology appears to have such appeal, despite its epistemological weakness. Answers to this question include a commitment to an ill‐conceived ... More


Evolutionary Jurisprudence: The End of the Naturalistic Fallacy and the Beginning of Natural Reform?

Morris B. Hoffman

in Law and Neuroscience: Current Legal Issues Volume 13

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599844
eISBN:
9780191725227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599844.003.0026
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter begins by surveying the naturalistic fallacy's philosophical landscape and some of the scientific literature on the evolution of morality. It then proposes a set of principles that legal ... More


Nature and Normativity

Andres Rosler

in Political Authority and Obligation in Aristotle

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199251506
eISBN:
9780191602306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251509.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The examination of Aristotle’s conception of nature in his practical works attempts to face some charges, which seem to undermine the normativity of Aristotle’s ethical and political theory and thus ... More


The Naturalistic Fallacy: The History of its Refutation

Arthur N. Prior

in Logic and the Basis of Ethics

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241577
eISBN:
9780191680380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241577.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Moral Philosophy

This chapter provides a broad context for the history of exposure using the method of Professor Moore’s, regarding the naturalistic fallacy. The discussion also includes Locke’s views and the ... More


Goodness

Colin McGinn

in Ethics, Evil, and Fiction

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238775
eISBN:
9780191598005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238770.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter is an extensive critique of the thesis of moral psychologism. Appealing to the Naturalistic Fallacy, McGinn argues that moral psychologism, as instanced in emotivism, the dispositional ... More


The Naturalistic Fallacy

Colin Howson

in Hume's Problem: Induction and the Justification of Belief

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250371
eISBN:
9780191597749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250371.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Considers another popular way of evading the force of Hume's argument, Naturalism. According to this doctrine, Hume merely shows why we must give up trying to find top–down justifications for our ... More


The Argument from Discourse

Christian F. R. Illies

in The Grounds of Ethical Judgement: New Transcendental Arguments in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238324
eISBN:
9780191679612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238324.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Two highly developed transcendental arguments exist in the current ethical and meta-ethical debates about moral realism and moral judgements. Karl-Otto Apel has developed what is known as an ... More


Because

Douglas J. Den Uyl and Douglas B. Rasmussen

in The Perfectionist Turn: From Metanorms to Metaethics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474413343
eISBN:
9781474422406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474413343.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter responds to J. L. Mackie’s challenge to show just what there is in reality that supports claims about what is valuable and obligatory. It seeks to explain the relationship between a ... More


Killing and Allowing to Die: Why It Is a Mistake to Derive an “Is” from an “Ought”

Daniel Callahan

in The Roots of Bioethics: Health, Progress, Technology, Death

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199931378
eISBN:
9780199980598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931378.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The late philosopher James Rachels argued in a famous paper that there is essentially no moral difference between terminating treatment on a dying patient and directly killing that patient by, say, a ... More


Canon Law and Natural Law

John J. Coughlin

in Law, Person, and Community: Philosophical, Theological, and Comparative Perspectives on Canon Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199756773
eISBN:
9780199932177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756773.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter discusses the function of natural law as a dimension of the anthropological foundation of canon law. It focuses on the so-called new natural law theory, which has been developed by, ... More


The Two Deepest Mysteries in Moral Philosophy

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter shows how the main principle points the way to a solution to the two deepest mysteries in moral philosophy, one metaphysical and one epistemological. The metaphysical mystery is to ... More


Ecological Rationality: The Normative Study of Heuristics

Gerd Gigerenzer and Peter M. Todd

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0142
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Logic and probability theory have been the traditional arbiters of the normative question of how to make good decisions, while psychology has been relegated to studying the descriptive question of ... More


Introduction: Sometimes the Bus Does Wait

Jerome H. Barkow

in Missing the Revolution: Darwinism for social scientists

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195130027
eISBN:
9780199893874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130027.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Sociology and social-cultural anthropology have trailed other disciplines in the humanities and social sciences in engaging with the evolution revolution. This is in part because of the horrific ... More


Representation and Moral Hazard

Ron Mallon

in The Construction of Human Kinds

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198755678
eISBN:
9780191816796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755678.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Is addiction a disease, or simply a product of a bad character or a weak will? What about obesity? Questions like these are not only empirical disagreements over whether a human category or behavior ... More


Dignity After Darwin

Ronald E. Osborn

in Humanism and the Death of God: Searching for the Good After Darwin, Marx, and Nietzsche

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198792482
eISBN:
9780191834479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198792482.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines Darwin’s account of the origins of human morality in The Descent of Man and explores its challenging implications for ideas of inviolable human dignity. The early romance ... More


The Boundaries of the Natural World

James Griffin

in Value Judgement: Improving Our Ethical Beliefs

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198752318
eISBN:
9780191597541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198752318.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Can values be reduced to facts about nature? There are different forms of ethical naturalism: conceptual naturalism (that value‐terms are definable in natural terms, a view that G.E. Moore famously ... More


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