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Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

C. Stephen Evans

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This book introduces the concept of theistic natural signs. It argues that these signs, the concept of which comes from a modified and expanded account of Reidian natural signs, provide sufficient ... More


The Contribution of Religious Experience to Dogmatic Theology

Michael Sudduth

in Analytic Theology: New Essays in the Philosophy of Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199203567
eISBN:
9780191708190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203567.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explores the interrelated contributions of natural theology and religious experience to dogmatic theology. It examines the functional diversity of natural theology, which gives us good ... More


The Metaphysics of Theism: Aquinas's Natural Theology in Summa contra gentiles I

Norman Kretzmann

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246533
eISBN:
9780191597886
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924653X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The Metaphysics of Theism presents an explanation and evaluation of Aquinas's natural theology, the paradigm of which is the first book of the Summa contra gentiles. Natural theology ... More


The Metaphysics of Creation: Aquinas's Natural Theology in Summa contra gentiles II

Norman Kretzmann

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246540
eISBN:
9780191597879
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246548.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The Metaphysics of Creation is a continuation of the project begun in The Metaphysics of Theism, moving the focus to the second book of Aquinas's Summa contra gentiles. Building upon his ... More


The Problem of Natural Theology

C. Stephen Evans

in Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter introduces the concept of natural signs of God, understood as broadly accessible objects or experiences that naturally point to God. These signs lie at the core of classical theistic ... More


Theology from the Bottom Up

Norman Kretzmann

in The Metaphysics of Theism: Aquinas's Natural Theology in Summa contra gentiles I

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246533
eISBN:
9780191597886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924653X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The plan is to take a metaphysically based natural theology as the first phase of a systematic presentation of the rest of philosophy, beginning with the establishment and investigation of what ... More


Justifying Theology in Reason and Experience

Randal Rauser

in Theology in Search of Foundations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199214600
eISBN:
9780191706509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214600.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Theologians were deeply influenced by the collective efforts of Descartes, Locke, and Kant. Those who accepted either Descartes's demand for rational proofs or Locke's regulation of belief relative ... More


The Eternal Paradox

John C. Avise

in Inside the Human Genome: A Case for Non-Intelligent Design

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393439
eISBN:
9780199775415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393439.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Why do biological imperfections and suffering exist in a world governed by a loving deity? This is the age‐old theodicy dilemma. This chapter examines theological and scientific (evolutionary) ... More


Natural Theology and the Sensus Divinitatis

Paul Helm

in John Calvin's Ideas

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199255696
eISBN:
9780191602429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199255695.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

There have been sharply divergent views on Calvin's view of natural theology. Some think that Calvin sees no 'point of contact' between believer and unbeliever, others that he is a fully fledged ... More


Religious Belief and Unbelief

Stephen T. Davis

in Christian Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199284597
eISBN:
9780191603778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284598.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

According to the Christian faith, the reason why certain people do not believe in God is willful unbelief, i.e., spiritual blindness. Christians hold that God is ultimate reality and that God makes ... More


Mitigated Skepticism and Hume's Liminal Natural Theology

Thomas Holden

in Spectres of False Divinity: Hume's Moral Atheism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579945
eISBN:
9780191722776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579945.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter defends the interpretation of Hume as a moral atheist against the objection that Hume's own mitigated scepticism rules out such dogmatic commitments in natural theology. According to ... More


Baxter, Bates, and Howe: Calvinist Natural Theology and “Evidences”

Dewey D. Wallace, Jr.

in Shapers of English Calvinism, 1660–1714: Variety, Persistence, and Transformation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199744831
eISBN:
9780199897339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744831.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Natural theology in England has been chiefly associated with Church of England authors. But three moderate Calvinist Presbyterians, Richard Baxter, William Bates, and John Howe, developed versions of ... More


The personal absolute

Jan Olof Bengtsson

in The Worldview of Personalism: Origins and Early Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199297191
eISBN:
9780191711374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297191.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter introduces the arguments for why, according to the personalists, the absolute cannot be conceived in pantheistic and impersonalistic terms. It discusses the meaning of the new concept of ... More


Nature from the Top Down

Norman Kretzmann

in The Metaphysics of Creation: Aquinas's Natural Theology in Summa contra gentiles II

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246540
eISBN:
9780191597879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246548.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The practical purpose of SCG is to teach theism. In Book II, Aquinas will argue carefully and specifically for divine creation, then undertake to explain the fact of nature's prolific diversity, and ... More


Sanctifying Biodiversity: Ecojustice in Thomas Aquinas

Willis Jenkins

in Ecologies of Grace: Environmental Ethics and Christian Theology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195328516
eISBN:
9780199869862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328516.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Theologians such as Rasmussen, Northcott, and Moltmann ground normative respect for creation in the experience of God's love. Each in his own way suggests that as humans are conformed to God's love ... More


Ending the Great Misery of Protestantism

William J. Abraham

in Canon and Criterion in Christian Theology: From the Fathers to Feminism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250035
eISBN:
9780191600388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250030.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Karl Barth's vision of a Neoorthodoxy that would recover the insights of the Protestant Reformation looked to the material content of scripture to fend off the encroachments of bad epistemology as ... More


On Believing that the Scriptures are Divinely Inspired

Thomas M. Crisp

in Analytic Theology: New Essays in the Philosophy of Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199203567
eISBN:
9780191708190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203567.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter investigates the epistemology of belief that the Bible is divinely inspired. It assumes that most Christians arejustified in believing as much and asks: Whence comes justification for ... More


The Arguments from Evil

Thomas Holden

in Spectres of False Divinity: Hume's Moral Atheism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579945
eISBN:
9780191722776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579945.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines Hume's nuanced treatment of the problem of evil, including his handling of the so-called logical problem, the inference problem, and the evidential problem. Hume has been widely ... More


Genesis and the Scientists: Dissonance among the Harmonizers

John Hedley Brooke

in Reading Genesis after Darwin

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383355
eISBN:
9780199870561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383355.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, History of Christianity

This chapter examines attempts made to harmonize the creation narratives with geology before the impact of Darwinism. Despite a vastly greater age for the earth and the problem of extinction, ... More


The Religion of Israel

J. Day

in Text in Context: Essays by Members of the Society for Old Testament Study

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198263913
eISBN:
9780191601187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198263910.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This is the last of six chapters on the Old Testament and its authors, and its subject is the religion of Israel. The introduction to the chapter briefly reviews previous work on this subject. The ... More


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