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Hume's ‘Fork’: Scepticism and Natural Religion

Ben Brice

in Coleridge and Scepticism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199290253
eISBN:
9780191710483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290253.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

David Hume was brought up as a Calvinist, and studied Newtonian physics and methodology at Edinburgh University and beyond. In An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1748) and his posthumously ... More


Hume's Lucretian Mission: Is It Self-Refuting?

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Whatever the merits of the irreligious interpretation of the Treatise, it may be argued that there remain significant puzzles and problems relating to the coherence of Hume's aim to discredit and ... More


The Practical Pyrrhonist

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter provides a general interpretation of the irreligious character of Hume's sceptical intentions in the Treatise. Although the Treatise remains the primary concern, the discussion also ... More


‘That Uncertain Heaven’: Coleridge's Poetry and Prose 1795 to 1805

Ben Brice

in Coleridge and Scepticism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199290253
eISBN:
9780191710483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290253.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter begins with a discussion of a range of Coleridge's early writings in which he explores his uncertain faith in his ability to read the handwriting of God in nature. It then turns to ... More


The Decline of Natural Religion

Nicholas Hudson

in Samuel Johnson and Eighteenth-Century Thought

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198112143
eISBN:
9780191670671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198112143.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

This chapter discusses the term ‘deism’, which is often used without much attention to its strict meaning. Other sections in this chapter focus on the debate regarding God's being, attributes, and ... More


Was Hume an “Atheist”?

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter considers to what extent the irreligious interpretation of the Treatise supports the charge of “atheism” and how this relates to Hume's philosophical commitments in his later writings in ... More


Ethics and Theology

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Smith regards ethics as independent of theology, but theology as dependent on ethics. The original version of the Moral Sentiments shows traces of his early adherence to Christianity; the later ... More


Rousseau and the Profession of Faith of the Savoyard Vicar

Heinrich Meier

in On the Happiness of the Philosophic Life: Reflections on Rousseau's Rêveries in Two Books

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226074030
eISBN:
9780226074177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226074177.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines Jean-Jacques Rousseau's confrontation with the question of the right life, with faith's demand for obedience and the promises of religion, in Profession de foi du Vicaire ... More


Natural Religion and the Sons of Noah: The Society, Human Difference, and Slavery

Travis Glasson

in Mastering Christianity: Missionary Anglicanism and Slavery in the Atlantic World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199773961
eISBN:
9780199919017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773961.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter considers how SPG supporters engaged in British and circum-Atlantic debates about the nature of human difference and slavery in the eighteenth century. Building on scholarship stressing ... More


The Deist Challenge

Richard H. Popkin

in From Persecution to Toleration: The Glorious Revolution and Religion in England

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201960
eISBN:
9780191675102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201960.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter discusses Deism, a radical school of thought that thrived in the 1690s. It begins by describing the theories of natural religion of the two individuals who are credited with being the ... More


Introduction

Samuel Fleischacker

in Divine Teaching and the Way of the World: A Defense of Revealed Religion

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199217366
eISBN:
9780191728495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217366.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The introduction links the project of the book to themes in both rabbinic writings and certain figures of the Enlightenment: Gotthold Lessing and Immanuel Kant, especially. It clarifies the rabbinic ... More


Explaining Religious Experience

Charles Taliaferro

in The Believing Primate: Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Reflections on the Origin of Religion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199557028
eISBN:
9780191701719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557028.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter highlights the importance of methodology in order to explain the religious experience the same way with the philosophy of mind. It focuses on the works of Daniel Dennett such as ... More


Darwin, Dewey, Religion, and the Public Domain

John Finnis

in Religion and Public Reasons: Collected Essays Volume V

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580095
eISBN:
9780191729416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580095.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter, composed as a Dewey lecture, argues that Darwin is a better guide for thinking about the place of religion in public life and in the Constitution than John Dewey, who denied that ... More


The Enlightened Theologian

Jonathan Yeager

in Enlightened Evangelicalism: The Life and Thought of John Erskine

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199772551
eISBN:
9780199895144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772551.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter provides a summary and analysis of Erskine's five theological treatises. Here, he experimented with different ideas on the nature of the Mosaic and New Testament covenants, what it means ... More


Orthodoxy

Thomas Ahnert

in The Moral Culture of the Scottish Enlightenment: 1690-1805

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300153804
eISBN:
9780300153811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300153804.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The fourth chapter shows that so-called orthodox critics of the Moderates had a more positive and comprehensive view of natural religion than the Moderates. The differences between them, including ... More


The Problem of Natural Religio: The Present Position

Scott L. Pratt

in Race Questions, Provincialism, and Other American Problems: Expanded Edition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823231324
eISBN:
9780823235568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823231324.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter discusses Royce's philosophical study of religion. The problem of natural religion, as it is framed by Royce, turns on the relation between facts and ideals, ... More


The Moral Culture of the Scottish Enlightenment: 1690-1805

Thomas Ahnert

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300153804
eISBN:
9780300153811
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300153804.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In the European Enlightenments it was often argued that moral conduct rather than adherence to certain theological doctrines was the true measure of religious belief. This book shows that the ... More


Conduct and Doctrine

Thomas Ahnert

in The Moral Culture of the Scottish Enlightenment: 1690-1805

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300153804
eISBN:
9780300153811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300153804.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses Presbyterianism during the period from about 1720 to 1740, when a loosely defined group of heterodox clergymen emerged within the established Kirk. This group argued that ... More


Reforming Reformed Religion: J. S. Mill's Critique of the Natural Religion of the Enlightenment

Robert Devigne

in Reforming Liberalism: J.S. Mill's Use of Ancient, Religious, Liberal, and Romantic Moralities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300112429
eISBN:
9780300133905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300112429.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter recounts how John Stuart Mill developed his critique for natural religion and proposed a Religion of Humanity in his political philosophy. The chapter first begins, however, with ... More


The End of the Idealist Programme

Johannes Zachhuber

in Theology as Science in Nineteenth-Century Germany: From F.C. Baur to Ernst Troeltsch

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199641918
eISBN:
9780191752490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641918.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

The final chapter of the book argues that this major theological synthesis was strained from the beginning and that Ritschl’s own later development as well as the work of some of his most influential ... More


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