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Theological Voluntarism and Protestant Critiques of Natural Reason

Ben Brice

in Coleridge and Scepticism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199290253
eISBN:
9780191710483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290253.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter begins with an examination of John Calvin's views on the devastating ‘noetic’ effects of the Fall. According to Calvin, one of the consequences of Adam and Eve's disobedience was that ... More


The Theory of Natural Knowledge

Thomas C. Vinci

in Cartesian Truth

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195113297
eISBN:
9780199833825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195113292.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Cartesian epistemology comprises three main divisions: (1) an a priori theory, discussed in Chs. 1–3, (2) a psychological theory of error explanations in judgment induced by features of our sense ... More


The Secular State and the Religious Citizen

Robert Audi

in Democratic Authority and the Separation of Church and State

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199796083
eISBN:
9780199919345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796083.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Extending Chapter 2, which articulates a framework for church-state relations in pluralistic democracies, this chapter proposes principles to guide individual citizens in sociopolitical matters, ... More


Theology from the Bottom Up

Norman Kretzmann

in The Metaphysics of Theism: Aquinas's Natural Theology in Summa contra gentiles I

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246533
eISBN:
9780191597886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924653X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The plan is to take a metaphysically based natural theology as the first phase of a systematic presentation of the rest of philosophy, beginning with the establishment and investigation of what ... More


Introduction

Ben Brice

in Coleridge and Scepticism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199290253
eISBN:
9780191710483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290253.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This introductory chapter sets out the central question that the book is seeks to answer: why was Coleridge privately, and sometimes publicly, sceptical about his own theory of symbolism? It argues ... More


Why Natura Pura is not the Theological Stalking Horse for Secularist Minimalism or Pelagianism

Steven A. Long

in Natura Pura: On the Recovery of Nature in the Doctrine of Grace

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823231058
eISBN:
9780823237012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823231058.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Irrespective of the optimal relation between revealed theology and philosophy, is it not the case that to affirm the reality of nature and the persistence of the proximate ... More


The Priority of Natural Theology

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In Chapter 1, it is argued that for religious believers, natural theology has an epistemological priority over a revelation and revelation theology. Six problems concerning revelations show that this ... More


Philosophy as Mediation between Faith and Culture

Adriaan T. Peperazak

in Thinking about Thinking: What Kind of Conversation is Philosophy?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780823240173
eISBN:
9780823240210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823240173.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Mediation is needed when two or more parties are engaged in a conflict that they cannot overcome by their own efforts alone. Are Catholic faith and the dominant culture of our epoch engaged in such a ... More


Natural Society and Natural Religion, 1750–1756

Richard Bourke

in Empire and Revolution: The Political Life of Edmund Burke

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175652
eISBN:
9781400873456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175652.003.0003
Subject:
History, Political History

Prior to developing his conception of the limits of natural reason, Burke had come to privilege the achievements of artificial reason. He acquired this preference during the course of his legal ... More


Religion, Morality, and Enlightenment

Thomas Ahnert

in The Moral Culture of the Scottish Enlightenment: 1690-1805

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300153804
eISBN:
9780300153811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300153804.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book examines one of the main features of the so-called “religious” or “clerical Enlightenment” of the eighteenth century: the change of emphasis from theological doctrine to moral conduct as ... More


The Theology of a Christian Virtuoso

Victor Nuovo

in John Locke: The Philosopher as Christian Virtuoso

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198800552
eISBN:
9780191840449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198800552.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter offers expositions of Locke’s two major theological works: The Reasonableness of Christianity and A Paraphrase and Notes on the Epistles of St Paul. Their theme is revealed theology. It ... More


Political Theology for a Plural Age

Michael Jon Kessler (ed.)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199769285
eISBN:
9780199345144
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199769285.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Political theology has traditionally explored the legitimization of political authority on the basis of divine revelation and of natural reason informed by religious authority, texts, and traditions. ... More


Religious Accommodation, Social Justice, and Public Education

Kevin Vallier and Michael Weber

in Religious Exemptions

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780190666187
eISBN:
9780190666217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190666187.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The question of what religious practices modern democracies should accommodate is urgent and widely discussed. This essay provides a framework for dealing with accommodation issues in pluralistic ... More


On Faith

John T. Slotemaker and Jeffrey C. Witt

in Robert Holcot

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199391240
eISBN:
9780199391271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199391240.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter introduces the reader to Holcot’s lengthy and influential discussion of faith as developed in the beginning of his commentary on the Sentences. The focus here is on what exactly Holcot ... More


The Book of Wisdom

John T. Slotemaker and Jeffrey C. Witt

in Robert Holcot

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199391240
eISBN:
9780199391271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199391240.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter introduces readers to Holcot’s most famous work, his commentary on the book of Wisdom. Because this book is so massive and varied in its style and organization, this chapter aims to ... More


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