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Natural Processes

D. Gary Miller

in Language Change and Linguistic Theory, Volume I: Approaches, Methodology, and Sound Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199583423
eISBN:
9780191723438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583423.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

The difficult issue of what is natural in different components of the grammar is addressed. A few phonetic processes recognized as natural in several models are word‐final devoicing, the irreversible ... More


The Representation and Processing of Compound Words

Gary Libben and Gonia Jarema (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199228911
eISBN:
9780191711213
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228911.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This book presents new work on the psycholinguistics and neurolinguistics of compound words. It shows the insights this work offers on natural language processing and the relation between language, ... More


No Parting Word

Cynthia Grant Tucker

in No Silent Witness: The Eliot Parsonage Women and Their Unitarian World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390209
eISBN:
9780199866670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390209.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Pulling the narrative strands together, this chapter describes first the Eliots' evolving perceptions of life after death, from a literal heaven of family reunions to an ongoing mystical life of ... More


A Minimalist Parsing Model for Codeswitching

Edward P. Stabler and Jeff MacSwan

in Grammatical Theory and Bilingual Codeswitching

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262027892
eISBN:
9780262320351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027892.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

A fully lexicalized grammar can represent the knowledge of a multilingual speaker simply by putting lexical items from the various languages together. This conception suggests that multilingualism ... More


Machine Learning in Non-Stationary Environments: Introduction to Covariate Shift Adaptation

Masashi Sugiyama and Motoaki Kawanabe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262017091
eISBN:
9780262301220
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017091.001.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

As the power of computing has grown over the past few decades, the field of machine learning has advanced rapidly in both theory and practice. Machine learning methods are usually based on the ... More


Sacred Humanity as Stubborn, Irreducible Materiality

Carol Wayne White

in Black Lives and Sacred Humanity: Toward an African American Religious Naturalism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823269815
eISBN:
9780823269853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823269815.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Chapter two continues establishing the theoretical framework for the conception of sacred humanity. It introduce scientific theories advanced by the tenets of religious naturalism that help to ... More


Efficient Processing with CCG

Mark Steedman

in Taking Scope: The Natural Semantics of Quantifiers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017077
eISBN:
9780262301404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017077.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

Combinatory Categorial Grammar (CCG) allows semantically equivalent alternate surface derivations typified by the sentence “Harry admires Louise,” as well as English noun phrases, to have all of the ... More


Enumerations: Data and Literary Study

Andrew Piper

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226568614
eISBN:
9780226568898
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226568898.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

For well over a century, academic disciplines have studied human behavior using quantitative information. Until recently, however, the humanities have remained largely immune to the use of data—or ... More


Prologue

Mark Steedman

in Taking Scope: The Natural Semantics of Quantifiers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017077
eISBN:
9780262301404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017077.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

Computational linguists and psycholinguists show little interest in the formal semantics of quantification, even though quantifiers and other scoping elements play an important role in human and ... More


Learning to interpret spatial natural language in terms of qualitative spatial relations *

Parisa Kordjamshidi, Joana Hois, and Marie-Francine Moens

in Representing Space in Cognition: Interrelations of behaviour, language, and formal models

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679911
eISBN:
9780191760112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679911.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

Computational approaches in spatial language understanding nowadays distinguish and use different aspects of spatial and contextual information. These aspects comprise linguistic grammatical ... More


Applications of Covariate Shift Adaptation

Masashi Sugiyama and Motoaki Kawanabe

in Machine Learning in Non-Stationary Environments: Introduction to Covariate Shift Adaptation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262017091
eISBN:
9780262301220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017091.003.0007
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter discusses state-of-the-art applications of covariate shift adaptation techniques to various real-world problems. It covers non-stationarity adaptation in brain-computer interfaces; ... More


Language

Florian Cramer

in Software Studies: A Lexicon

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062749
eISBN:
9780262273343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062749.003.0023
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter describes the detailed relationship software and language; it states that software processes the natural language and constructs in programming languages. The chapter explores the ... More


We Need Algorithms That Can Make Explicit What Is Implicit

Bernardo Cuenca Grau and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0015
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In this dialogue, Bernardo Cuenca Grau, a computer scientist at the Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford, begins by explaining his research in technology based on ontologies and ... More


Characterization (Constraint)

Andrew Piper

in Enumerations: Data and Literary Study

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226568614
eISBN:
9780226568898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226568898.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Quantity has a role to play in understanding the nature of characters and the process of characterization (the writerly act of generating animate entities through language). With Alex Woloch’s ... More


An Evolving Solar System

John Chambers and Jacqueline Mitton

in From Dust to Life: The Origin and Evolution of Our Solar System

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175706
eISBN:
9781400885565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175706.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on Charles Darwin's argument that all living species are descended from common ancestors. Each organism inherits a mixture of characteristics from its parents together with a few ... More


Topoi (Dispersion)

Andrew Piper

in Enumerations: Data and Literary Study

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226568614
eISBN:
9780226568898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226568898.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter shows how probabilistic topic modeling drives interest in the study of topics, and how topic modeling has proven a successful tool for identifying coherent linguistic categories within ... More


Corpus (Vulnerability)

Andrew Piper

in Enumerations: Data and Literary Study

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226568614
eISBN:
9780226568898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226568898.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The “corpus” (or body of work, since Cicero) of an author is meant to be organic, integral--well connected--but also distinct and whole; it marks limits; it is the material complement to the author’s ... More


The Inevitability of Rules

Charles Yang

in The Price of Linguistic Productivity: How Children Learn to Break the Rules of Language

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035323
eISBN:
9780262336376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035323.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A review of statistical facts of language especially morphology and children’s acquisition of morphology with focus on productivity. Contrary to popular beliefs, productivity should be understood as ... More


Living and working in a fourth culture

François Grosjean

in A Journey in Languages and Cultures: The Life of a Bicultural Bilingual

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198754947
eISBN:
9780191816437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198754947.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The author and his family went back to Europe for good, and had to acculturate to a new culture. His boys needed a bit of help during their first years but then things worked out well. The author set ... More


Does God Want You Dead?

Eric Dietrich

in Excellent Beauty: The Naturalness of Religion and the Unnaturalness of the World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231171021
eISBN:
9780231539357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171021.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explores the psychology and evolution of morality. An important job of any religion is binding a group (tribe, community, and so on) together. A religion controls group behavior by thus ... More


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