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Reconstructing the Natural Philosopher

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The development of the persona of the natural philosopher is the key to understanding how natural philosophy becomes inserted into European culture in the 16th and 17th centuries. This chapter shows ... More


Life forms: A Keyword Entry

Stefan Helmreich and Sophia Roosth

in Sounding the Limits of Life: Essays in the Anthropology of Biology and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164809
eISBN:
9781400873869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164809.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines how natural philosophers and scientists in the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries employed the term “life form.” It asks how life came to have a form, where the ... More


Newton and the Origin of Civilization

Jed Z. Buchwald and Mordechai Feingold

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154787
eISBN:
9781400845187
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154787.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Isaac Newton’s Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms Amended, published in 1728, one year after the great man’s death, unleashed a storm of controversy. And for good reason. The book presents a drastically ... More


Prospero's America: John Winthrop, Jr., Alchemy, and the Creation of New England Culture, 1606-1676

Walter W. Woodward

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807833018
eISBN:
9781469603070
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895931_woodward
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This book examines the transfer of alchemical culture to America by John Winthrop, Jr., one of English colonization's early giants. Winthrop participated in a pan-European network of natural ... More


Related Themes in the Natural Sciences

Margaret Schabas

in The Natural Origins of Economics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226735696
eISBN:
9780226735719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226735719.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter traces the evolution of the concept of economics from among natural philosophers. It suggests that it was essentially experimental physics and natural history and not mathematical ... More


Pure Intelligence: The Life of William Hyde Wollaston

Melvyn C. Usselman

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226245737
eISBN:
9780226245874
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226245874.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book is a biography of William Hyde Wollaston, a trained physician who became one of Britain’s leading natural philosophers in the early nineteenth century. During his lifetime he achieved an ... More


Parmenides’ Grand Deduction: A Logical Reconstruction of the Way of Truth

Michael V. Wedin

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198715474
eISBN:
9780191783050
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198715474.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This book presents a new interpretation of a famous text in early Greek philosophy: Parmenides’ Way of Truth, the most important philosophical treatise before the work of Plato and Aristotle. It ... More


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