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Natural Philosophy: Physics

Christopher M. Cullen

in Bonaventure

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195149258
eISBN:
9780199785131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149258.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

During the 12th century, certain questions came into focus and inspired speculation about the heavens and the earth, namely, “mobile being”. In other words, nature was “discovered” in the 12th ... More


God Changes

Peter Forrest

in Developmental Theism: From Pure Will to Unbounded Love

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199214587
eISBN:
9780191706523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214587.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Religion

The Primordial God is an agent whose power is unlimited of its kind. This chapter argues that if creation was part of the act of the Primordial God, then God has subsequently no power to overrule the ... More


On The Loss, And The Recovery, Of Nature As A Theonomic Principle: Reflections On The Nature/Grace Controversy

Steven A. Long

in Natura Pura: On the Recovery of Nature in the Doctrine of Grace

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823231058
eISBN:
9780823237012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823231058.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter intends to contribute to the project of facilitating a renewed appreciation of St. Thomas Aquinas's profound teaching on the character of the relation between the ... More


Belief and Behaviour

E. W. Heaton

in The School Tradition of the Old Testament: The Bampton Lectures for 1994

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198263623
eISBN:
9780191601156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198263627.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter looks at various aspects of belief and behaviour in the Old Testament, as reflected in the school tradition. It starts with an analysis of the discourse of Elihu in Job – six chapters ... More


The Metatheses of Physicalism

Jeffrey Poland

in Physicalism: The Philosophical Foundations

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198249801
eISBN:
9780191681202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198249801.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter formulates a number of metatheses concerning the physicalist principles just developed. The importance of framing metatheses lies in the clarification they provide concerning the kind of ... More


The Mind in Nature

C. B. Martin

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199234103
eISBN:
9780191715570
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234103.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

What are the most fundamental features of the world? Do minds stand outside the natural order? Is a unified picture of mental and physical reality possible? This book provides an account of the world ... More


Roman Law and Order: From Free-Market Ideology to Abolitionism

Dan Edelstein

in On the Spirit of Rights

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226588988
eISBN:
9780226589039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226589039.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

Another source for Enlightenment understandings of natural law was Roman law. The Corpus juris civilis was a primary reference for classical ideas about natural law, and a model for early-modern ... More


The World in Order

Lorraine Daston

in Without Nature?: A New Condition for Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823230693
eISBN:
9780823237227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823230693.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter reopens the question of norms from nature, presenting an argument that is both historical and philosophical. Historically, it shows how various conceptions of ... More


Cognition

Thomas Nagel

in Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature is Almost Certainly False

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199919758
eISBN:
9780199980369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199919758.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines another type of antireductionist argument and its consequences. It first identifies the problem concerning mental functions such as reasoning, thought, and evaluation that are ... More


Value

Thomas Nagel

in Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature is Almost Certainly False

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199919758
eISBN:
9780199980369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199919758.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the role and existence of value in the lives of humans. It first explores the problem of the place of value in the natural world, which includes the problems of the place of ... More


Palliatives

N. M. L. Nathan

in Will and World: A Study in Metaphysics

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239543
eISBN:
9780191679957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239543.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The third question to be asked about want and beliefs conflicts was about the evidential status of the proposition which in first-order conflicts is believed to be false. Progress was made with this ... More


The problem of human agency

Erasmus Mayr

in Understanding Human Agency

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199606214
eISBN:
9780191731631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606214.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The first chapter develops the so-called problem of human agency. It is claimed that there are three commitments which are fundamental parts of our self-understanding as human agents: The commitments ... More


Powers versus Laws: God and the Order of the World According to Some Late Medieval Aristotelians

Marilyn McCord Adams

in The Divine Order, the Human Order, and the Order of Nature: Historical Perspectives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199934409
eISBN:
9780199367740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934409.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, Marilyn McCord Adams shows that Aquinas, Scotus, and Ockham agree that the order of nature is due to the causal powers of finite substances and that laws of nature are not ... More


Existence and Goodness

Hugh Rice

in God and Goodness

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250289
eISBN:
9780191598302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250282.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Argues that objective value is capable of explaining, not just our believing this or that, but also the very existence of order. The natural order exists because it is good that it should do so. This ... More


Dickens: Transformist

Ian Duncan

in Human Forms: The Novel in the Age of Evolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691175072
eISBN:
9780691194189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175072.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter explores Herman Melville's Moby-Dick and Charles Dickens's Bleak House. Dickens brings to a head the Romantic intuition about urban life developed by Walter Scott and Victor Hugo in ... More


Laws and Order: Malebranche, Berkeley, Hume

Tad M. Schmaltz

in The Divine Order, the Human Order, and the Order of Nature: Historical Perspectives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199934409
eISBN:
9780199367740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934409.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, Tad M. Schmaltz compares and contrasts the views of Malebranche with those of Berkeley and Hume concerning the natural, moral, and divine orders, arguing that these different figures ... More


Introduction

Edward Jones-Imhotep (ed.)

in The Unreliable Nation: Hostile Nature and Technological Failure in the Cold War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036511
eISBN:
9780262341318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036511.003.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter proposes the modern nation as a crucial site for elaborating the historical relationship between nature and technology. Nations emerged as both natural and technological objects partly ... More


Contamination of Nature with Society: The Collapse of Natural Order from Melville to Wells and Ellison

Michael Mack

in Contaminations: "Beyond Dialectics in Modern Literature, Science and Film"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781474411363
eISBN:
9781474418577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474411363.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter analyses the critique of traditional notion of a natural order against the background of the French Revolution’s reign of terror. Through a close reading Melville’s Moby Dick (with ... More


The Myth of the Millennial Nation: The Early National Period

Richard T. Hughes

in Myths America Lives By: White Supremacy and the Stories That Give Us Meaning

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252042065
eISBN:
9780252050800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042065.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

The myth of the Millennial Nation held that the United States, grounded as it was in the natural order, would shine its example around the globe until all nations of earth had abandoned despotic ... More


Darwin and Creation

Frank M. Turner

Richard A. Lofthouse (ed.)

in European Intellectual History from Rousseau to Nietzsche

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300207293
eISBN:
9780300212914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300207293.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines the issues of Darwin and creation. It explains how natural religion and naturalistic science made Darwin discontented with the concept of special creation. It considers the ... More


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