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The Molinist Solution

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195107630
eISBN:
9780199852956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195107630.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Perhaps the most ingenious solution to the dilemma of divine foreknowledge and freedom was devised by the 16th-century Jesuit philosopher, Luis de Molina, in his theory of scientia media, or middle ... More


The Theory of Natural Knowledge

Thomas C. Vinci

in Cartesian Truth

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195113297
eISBN:
9780199833825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195113292.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Cartesian epistemology comprises three main divisions: (1) an a priori theory, discussed in Chs. 1–3, (2) a psychological theory of error explanations in judgment induced by features of our sense ... More


The Significance of the Frontier in American Knowledge

Cameron B. Strang

in Frontiers of Science: Imperialism and Natural Knowledge in the Gulf South Borderlands, 1500-1850

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469640471
eISBN:
9781469640495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640471.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter introduces the history of knowledge in the Gulf South and why it matters to American intellectual history on the whole. It also presents the book’s main argument, which is that ... More


Troubled Senses

Jed Z. Buchwald and Mordechai Feingold

in Newton and the Origin of Civilization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154787
eISBN:
9781400845187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154787.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter considers the roots of Isaac Newton’s interest in natural and historical knowledge. In the late seventeenth century, experiment-based knowledge remained suspect. Technical chronologers ... More


Frontiers of Science: Imperialism and Natural Knowledge in the Gulf South Borderlands, 1500-1850

Cameron B. Strang

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469640471
eISBN:
9781469640495
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640471.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

Frontiers of Science takes American scientific thought and discoveries away from the learned societies, museums, and teaching halls of the Northeast and puts the production of knowledge about the ... More


Normativity and Natural Knowledge

Hilary Kornblith

in Knowledge and its Place in Nature

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246311
eISBN:
9780191597862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246319.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Critics of naturalistic epistemology often argue that any account of knowledge that is descriptive thereby loses its ability to account for epistemic normativity. This chapter presents an account of ... More


Prolegomena

Anthony Briggman

in God and Christ in Irenaeus

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198792567
eISBN:
9780191834561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198792567.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Irenaeus has been characterized as incapable of sound reasoning, not a good thinker, naïve, and unable to construct a sophisticated theology. He was said to have little to no interest in ... More


Islanded: Natural History in the British Colonization of Ceylon

Sujit Sivasundaram (ed.)

in Geographies of Nineteenth-Century Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226487267
eISBN:
9780226487298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226487298.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the symbolic geography of Ceylon as a scientific site. It suggests that the scale of inquiry in Ceylon included the ways in which nineteenth-century networks of colonial ... More


Prophecy without Prophets: Spinoza and Maimonides on Law and the Democracy of Knowledge

Arthur J. Jacobson

in Spinoza Now

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816672806
eISBN:
9781452946887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816672806.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter focuses on Theologico-Political Treatise to examine the status of prophets. For Spinoza, there are no miracles, and in this sense prophesy is part of natural knowledge, its distinctive ... More


Science and Nature: “secret knowledge of the great gods”

Francesca Rochberg

in Before Nature: Cuneiform Knowledge and the History of Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226406138
eISBN:
9780226406275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226406275.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter takes up the question of how to re-imagine a framework for phenomena that does not involve all-encompassing nature, and how methods of knowing can function within such a framework ... More


The Aporia of the Concept of Revelation: The Epistemological Interpretation

Jean-Luc Marion and Stephen E. Lewis

in Givenness and Revelation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198757733
eISBN:
9780191817649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757733.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

The chapter sketches the surprising history of the concept of “revelation”. Thomas Aquinas distinguished between revealed and non-revealed knowledge of God, thus developing a strictly epistemological ... More


Blending Technical Innovation and Learned Natural Knowledge: The Making of Ethers

Ursula Klein

in Materials and Expertise in Early Modern Europe: Between Market and Laboratory

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226439686
eISBN:
9780226439709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226439709.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the eighteenth century, apothecaries manufactured hundreds of remedies by means of chemical techniques such as distillation, dissolution, and extraction with solvents. These so-called chemical ... More


Science in the Age of Sensibility: The Sentimental Empiricists of the French Enlightenment

Jessica Riskin

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226720784
eISBN:
9780226720852
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226720852.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Empiricism today implies the dispassionate scrutiny of facts. But in the French Enlightenment, empiricism was intimately bound up with sensibility. In what this book calls a “sentimental empiricism,” ... More


“Improvement in Every Part of the Healing Art”: Transatlantic Cultures of Medical Improvement

Simon Finger

in The Contagious City: The Politics of Public Health in Early Philadelphia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448935
eISBN:
9780801464003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448935.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter discusses the collaborative, transatlantic efforts to improve medical science by researchers from far-flung areas. These reformers launched ambitious collaborative investigations into ... More


“Discontented Air”; or, The Rape of the Lock

Jayne Elizabeth Lewis

in Air’s Appearance: Literary Atmosphere in British Fiction, 1660–1794

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226476698
eISBN:
9780226476711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226476711.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Alexander Pope’s The Rape of the Lock was the closest he would come to being a “poet of nature.” Through his work, Pope brought a world of pretenses—the “airs” that human beings affect. Sixty years ... More


The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Toby Musgrave

in The Multifarious Mr. Banks: From Botany Bay to Kew, The Natural Historian Who Shaped the World

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300223835
eISBN:
9780300252132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300223835.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the intellectual paradigms and rationales that influenced Joseph Banks in his thinking and actions. It explains his disinterest with architectural and landscape fashions and his ... More


Patrons of the Nation

Anton Howes

in Arts and Minds: How the Royal Society of Arts Changed a Nation

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691182643
eISBN:
9780691201900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182643.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter illustrates the eighteenth century as an age of improvement in which letters of scholars criss-crossed Europe and North America, even India or China, in an active pursuit and sharing of ... More


“Lingering in the Dominions”

Boyd Taylor Coolman

in Knowledge, Love, and Ecstasy in the Theology of Thomas Gallus

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780199601769
eISBN:
9780191773167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199601769.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Church History

This chapter analyzes Gallus view of the faculties and acts of the soul that he associates with the order of the “Dominions” (the sixth rank or level in the human soul). This is the apex of the ... More


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