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“A Vision of the Future”:: The New Museum Idea and Display Reform, 1890–1915

Karen A. Rader and Victoria E. M. Cain

in Life on Display: Revolutionizing U.S. Museums of Science and Natural History in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226079660
eISBN:
9780226079837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226079837.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Between the 1890s and the 1910s, a young generation of reformers inspired by a transnational movement known as “the New Museum Idea” agreed that natural history museums had a social responsibility to ... More


Life on Display: Revolutionizing U.S. Museums of Science and Natural History in the Twentieth Century

Karen A. Rader and Victoria E. M. Cain

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226079660
eISBN:
9780226079837
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226079837.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Once defined primarily by their collections, by the end of the twentieth century, American natural history and science museums had become institutions defined largely by their displays. This book ... More


Reforming the Natural History Museum, 1880–1900

in Modern Nature: The Rise of the Biological Perspective in Germany

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226610894
eISBN:
9780226610924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226610924.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter reports on changes in the social infrastructure of the natural history museum, stressing the significance of the professionalization of the curator and showing how curators used their ... More


The Drama of the Diorama, 1910–1935

Karen A. Rader and Victoria E. M. Cain

in Life on Display: Revolutionizing U.S. Museums of Science and Natural History in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226079660
eISBN:
9780226079837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226079837.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Habitat dioramas proliferated in American natural history museums in the 1910s, 1920s, and early 1930s, transforming the social and political dynamics of museum halls. Initially, curators, ... More


The World in the Museum: Natural History and the Invention of Organisms and Environments in Post-Revolutionary Paris

Etienne S. Benson

in Surroundings: A History of Environments and Environmentalisms

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226706153
eISBN:
9780226706320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226706320.003.0002
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter focuses on research conducted at the Paris Museum of Natural History or Museum d’Histoire Naturelle in the decades following its founding in 1793. Located at a longstanding botanical ... More


Brussels: Fieldwork in a Metropolitan Museum

Raf de Bont

in Stations in the Field: A History of Place-Based Animal Research, 1870-1930

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226141879
eISBN:
9780226141909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226141909.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter challenges the assumption that the natural history museums of around 1900 were dusty, old-fashioned centers of accumulation and cataloguing. The chapter argues that, by setting up ... More


Competing Ideas, Competing Institutions: Decorative versus Scientific Taxidermy at the Carnegie and Field Museums

Mary Anne Andrei

in Nature's Mirror: How Taxidermists Shaped America's Natural History Museums and Saved Endangered Species

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226730318
eISBN:
9780226730455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226730455.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the 1890s, the United States experienced a boom in the establishment of new museums, but no two were more important than the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago and the Carnegie Museum of ... More


Progress through the Museum: Nullius

Sarita Echavez See

in Filipino Primitive: Accumulation and Resistance in the American Museum

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781479842667
eISBN:
9781479887699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479842667.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

The Philippine exhibit and archive at the University of Michigan Museum of Natural History forward the colonial project by taking the colonized as objects of accumulation that then can be studied in ... More


On Her Own Terms: Annie Montague Alexander and the Rise of Science in the American West

Barbara Stein

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520227262
eISBN:
9780520926387
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520227262.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

At a time when women could not vote, and very few were involved in the world outside the home, Annie Montague Alexander (1867–1950) was an intrepid explorer, amateur naturalist, skilled markswoman, ... More


“Brightest Africa”: Carl Akeley and the American Museum’s Race to Bring Africa to America

Mary Anne Andrei

in Nature's Mirror: How Taxidermists Shaped America's Natural History Museums and Saved Endangered Species

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226730318
eISBN:
9780226730455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226730455.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 1911, Carl Akeley assumed his new position as chief taxidermist of the American Museum of Natural History, where he hoped to bring together his improved method of taxidermy and his idea of ... More


Science, to Understand the Abundance of Plants and Trees: The First Ottoman Natural History Museum and Herbarium, 1836–1848

Semih Celik

in Environments of Empire: Networks and Agents of Ecological Change

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469655932
eISBN:
9781469655956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655932.003.0005
Subject:
History, Environmental History

In the 1830s, a natural history museum and herbarium was founded in Istanbul, within the Ottoman Imperial Medical College complex in Galata Sarayı. The few accounts (mostly by botanists) written on ... More


Collector’s Items and Viable Means

Stefan Bargheer

in Moral Entanglements: Conserving Birds in Britain and Germany

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226376639
eISBN:
9780226543963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226543963.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

Chapter 2 investigates the practices and institutions of work and play at a point in time when they made for the destruction and decline of birdlife. The focus is on the time from the late eighteenth ... More


Building Mr. Bell’s Museum

Sue Leaf

in A Love Affair with Birds: The Life of Thomas Sadler Roberts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816675647
eISBN:
9781452947457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816675647.003.0014
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines the birth of the Minnesota Natural History Museum. The museum at the zoology building was full due to the large dioramas. Unfortunately for Thomas Sandler Roberts, the state ... More


The Associate Curator

Sue Leaf

in A Love Affair with Birds: The Life of Thomas Sadler Roberts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816675647
eISBN:
9781452947457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816675647.003.0011
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter describes the first few years of Thomas Sandler Roberts’s new career as professor of ornithology and as an associate curator of the Zoological Museum of the University of Minnesota. ... More


Teaching Children Science: Hands-On Nature Study in North America, 1890-1930

Sally Kohlstedt

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226449906
eISBN:
9780226449920
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226449920.001.0001
Subject:
Education, History of Education

In the early twentieth century, a curriculum known as nature study flourished in major city school systems, streetcar suburbs, small towns, and even rural one-room schools. This object-based approach ... More


Staging Integration: Around the World with Dance and Song at the American Museum of Natural History, 1943–1952

Rebekah J. Kowal

in Dancing the World Smaller: Staging Globalism in Mid-Century America

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190265311
eISBN:
9780190265359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190265311.003.0001
Subject:
Music, Dance, Ethnomusicology, World Music

Between 1943 and 1952, the American Museum of Natural History sponsored a dance program called Around the World with Dance and Song. Chapter 1 focuses on the history of this program as evidence of ... More


Epilogue

Mary Anne Andrei

in Nature's Mirror: How Taxidermists Shaped America's Natural History Museums and Saved Endangered Species

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226730318
eISBN:
9780226730455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226730455.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the brief history of American museum taxidermy, the natural history museum shifted its focus from pure research to include dissemination of knowledge through exhibits and public education. The ... More


The Cardinal Hour

Sue Leaf

in A Love Affair with Birds: The Life of Thomas Sadler Roberts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816675647
eISBN:
9781452947457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816675647.003.0015
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines the final years of Thomas Sadler Roberts, who held the post of director of the Minnesota Natural History Museum until his death. At nearly eighty-two, Roberts no longer moved ... More


High and Low Culture in L 'Emploi du temps

in Signs and Designs: Art and Architecture in the Work of Michel Butor

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853237785
eISBN:
9781846314063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853237785.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter examines the roles and meanings of the prominent buildings and artworks of England in Michel Butor's novel L'Emploi du temps. It analyzes the sources and significance of the Old ... More


Stations and Other Places

Raf de Bont

in Stations in the Field: A History of Place-Based Animal Research, 1870-1930

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226141879
eISBN:
9780226141909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226141909.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter presents a historical overview of the rise of the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth-century station movement in Europe. It sketches the movement’s major developments and puts these in ... More


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