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Selfish Genes, Sophisticated Plants, and Haphazard Ecosystems

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the limitations of natural selection, arguing that the overall organization of even ancient natural ecosystems may be relatively imperfect compared to individual adaptations ... More


What Won’t Work: Misguided Mimicry of Natural Ecosystems

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers four ideas—suggested by Wes Jackson and Jon Piper in the classic paper, “The necessary marriage between ecology and agriculture”—for how agriculture might attempt to mimic ... More


Learning from Plants, Ants, and Ecosystems

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the interactions between trees and fungus-growing-leaf-cutter ants, arguing that we can learn much from natural communities as long as we don't mistakenly assume perfection. It ... More


Darwinian Agriculture’s Three Core Principles

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter introduces the three core principles of Darwinian agriculture. First, natural selection is fast enough, and has been improving plants and animals for long enough, that it has left few ... More


Food Webs (MPB-50)

Kevin S. McCann

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134178
eISBN:
9781400840687
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134178.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Human impacts are dramatically altering our natural ecosystems but the exact repercussions on ecological sustainability and function remain unclear. As a result, food web theory has experienced a ... More


Stable Isotopes and Radiocarbon

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the basic principles surrounding the application of stable isotopes in natural ecosystems, which are based on variations in the relative abundance of lighter isotopes from ... More


‘Nested enterprises’? Spatial dimensions of ecological governance

Lennart J. Lundqvist

in Sweden and Ecological Governance: Straddling the Fence

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719069024
eISBN:
9781781700549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719069024.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter considers the spatial dimensions of ecological governance. It explains that space is of central concern to rational ecological governance and discusses Elinor Ostrom's opinion that ... More


Reality check: issues of scale and abstraction in biodiversity research, and potential solutions

Tasman P. Crowe, Matthew E. S. Bracken, and Nessa E. O’Connor

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter examines the nature of biodiversity-ecosystem function (BEF) research undertaken to date in marine systems and compares it with that done in terrestrial systems. It discusses gaps in ... More


Agroecological Foundations for Designing Sustainable Coffee Agroecosystems

Stephen R. Gliessman

in Confronting the Coffee Crisis: Fair Trade, Sustainable Livelihoods and Ecosystems in Mexico and Central America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026338
eISBN:
9780262267526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026338.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter posits the importance of an agroecological perspective for developing suitable conditions in achieving sustainable coffee agroecosystems. Natural and traditional ecosystems are discussed ... More


Corporations and Bureaucracies Under a Biological Lens

Elizabeth M. Prescott

in Natural Security: A Darwinian Approach to a Dangerous World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520253476
eISBN:
9780520934313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253476.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Life does not afford perfect knowledge of future challenges, and organisms must adapt to compensate for this uncertainty. Strategies employed to natural challenges can inform the processes policy ... More


Multiple Stable States in Natural Ecosystems

Peter Petraitis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199569342
eISBN:
9780191810084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199569342.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

One of the most interesting and vexing problems in ecology is how distinctly different communities of plants and animals can occur in the same ecosystem. The theory of these systems, known as ... More


Monitoring: Repeated Sampling for Understanding Nature

Avi Perevolotsky, Naama Berg, Orit Ginzburg, and Ron Drori

in Stepping in the Same River Twice: Replication in Biological Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300209549
eISBN:
9780300228038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209549.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The monitoring of natural ecosystems or species of conservation concern can be defined as the “collection and analysis of repeated observations or measurements to evaluate changes in condition and ... More


The Place of Before Time Ancestors 1638–1662

Robert F. Rogers

in Destiny's Landfall: A History of Guam, Revised Edition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833343
eISBN:
9780824870287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833343.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter investigates the precontact culture of the Chamorros and the natural ecosystem of the Mariana Islands prior to invasion by the Spaniards in 1668. It charts the geological beginnings of ... More


Free-Ranging Dogs and Wildlife Conservation

Matthew E. Gompper (ed.)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199663217
eISBN:
9780191810183
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199663217.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Dogs are the world's most common and widespread carnivores and are nearly ubiquitous across the globe. The vast majority of these dogs, whether owned, pure-bred or stray, spend a large portion of ... More


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