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Clonality: The Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals

John C. Avise

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369670
eISBN:
9780199871063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

About 99.9% of vertebrate species reproduce sexually. This makes the exceptional 0.1%—the asexual or clonal reproducers—fascinating in their own right, and also uniquely instructive about the ... More


Political Obligations

George Klosko

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199256204
eISBN:
9780191602351
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256209.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Provides a full defence of a theory of political obligation on the basis of the principle of fairness (or fair play). The book responds to the most important objections and extends a theory-based on ... More


Analyzing Oppression

Ann E. Cudd

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195187434
eISBN:
9780199786213
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187431.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book presents a new, integrated theory of social oppression, which tackles the fundamental question that no theory of oppression has satisfactorily answered: if there is no natural hierarchy ... More


Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Samir Okasha

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Does natural selection act primarily on individual organisms, on groups, on genes, or on whole species? This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the long-standing controversy in evolutionary ... More


Preservation Versus the People?: Nature, Humanity, and Political Philosophy

Mathew Humphrey

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242672
eISBN:
9780191599514
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242674.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Environmental political philosophy has generally been framed around the differing axiologies of ecocentrism (nature‐centred) and anthropocentric (human‐centred) forms of ethics. This book seeks to ... More


How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Penelope Mackie

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What are the essential properties of ordinary individuals such as people, cats, trees, and tables? The question is notoriously difficult, yet must be answered to obtain a satisfying account of the ... More


Biblical Natural Law: A Theocentric and Teleological Approach

Matthew Levering

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199535293
eISBN:
9780191715839
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535293.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This book serves as an introduction to natural law theory. The Introduction proposes that natural law theory makes most sense in light of an understanding of a loving Creator. The first chapter then ... More


Equality and Responsibility

Christopher Lake

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241743
eISBN:
9780191599743
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241740.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

These days, arguments about distributive justice—i.e. arguments about who should get what—often centre around two ideas. One is that goods should be distributed equally. The other is that how people ... More


Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

C. Stephen Evans

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This book introduces the concept of theistic natural signs. It argues that these signs, the concept of which comes from a modified and expanded account of Reidian natural signs, provide sufficient ... More


Why Think?: Evolution and the Rational Mind

Ronald de Sousa

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189858
eISBN:
9780199868377
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189858.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In a world where natural selection has shaped adaptations of astonishing ingenuity, what is the scope and unique power of rational thinking? This book looks at the twin set of issues surrounding the ... More


Category Theory

Steve Awodey

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568612
eISBN:
9780191717567
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568612.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Algebra

This book is a text and reference book on Category Theory, a branch of abstract algebra. The book contains clear definitions of the essential concepts, which are illuminated with numerous accessible ... More


Tense, Aspect, and Indexicality

James Higginbotham

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239313
eISBN:
9780191716904
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239313.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

James Higginbotham's work on tense, aspect, and indexicality discusses the principles governing demonstrative, temporal, and indexical expressions in natural language, and presents new ideas in the ... More


Law, Reason, and Morality in Medieval Jewish Philosophy: Sadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides

Jonathan Jacobs

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542833
eISBN:
9780191594359
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542833.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This is a study of the key features of the moral psychology and metaethics of three important medieval Jewish philosophers, Saadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides. They are selected ... More


Blindsight: A Case Study and Implications

L. Weiskrantz

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521921
eISBN:
9780191706226
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521921.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Damage to a particular area of the brain — the neocortex — is generally understood to result in blindness. Studies of some patients who have suffered from this form of blindness have nevertheless ... More


An Enthusiasm for Orchids: Sex and Deception in Plant Evolution

John Alcock

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182743
eISBN:
9780199790005
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182743.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book reviews a variety of evolutionary themes and uses the small terrestrial orchids of Australia to introduce and illustrate these themes. Among the topics explored are the competing ideas of ... More


Islamic Natural Law Theories

Anver M. Emon

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579006
eISBN:
9780191722639
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579006.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Legal History

This book offers the first sustained jurisprudential inquiry into Islamic natural law theory. It introduces readers to competing theories of Islamic natural law theory based on close readings of ... More


Education for Justice

Matthew Clayton

in Justice and Legitimacy in Upbringing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199268948
eISBN:
9780191603693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199268940.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter offers an account of political or citizenship education. It argues that a central feature of citizenship education in a liberal society is the development of a sense of justice, and the ... More


Beyond the Learning Curve: The construction of mind

Craig Speelman and Kim Kirsner

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570417
eISBN:
9780191708657
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570417.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

For years now, learning has been at the heart of research within cognitive psychology. How do we acquire new knowledge and new skills? Are the principles underlying skill acquisition unique to ... More


Conclusion

Adele Goldberg

in Constructions at Work: The Nature of Generalization in Language

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199268511
eISBN:
9780191708428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268511.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter provides a brief summary of preceding chapters, observing that the constructionist approach directly undermines the need for biologically determined knowledge that is specific to ... More


Introduction

Daniel Engster

in The Heart of Justice: Care ethics and Political Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199214358
eISBN:
9780191706684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214358.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Caring practices are essential for the survival, development, and social functioning of human beings, but until recently have generally been overlooked as a moral grounding for a theory of justice. ... More


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