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Climate Change and Species' Distributions: An Alien Future?

Chris D. Thomas and Ralf Ohlemüller

in Bioinvasions and Globalization: Ecology, Economics, Management, and Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199560158
eISBN:
9780191721557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560158.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter presents analyses that suggest increasing levels of invasion will be observed with increasing climate change, and that invasions of species from far away will increase ... More


Tipping the Balance in the Restoration of Native Plants: Experimental Approaches to Changing the Exotic:Native Ratio in California Grassland

Jeffrey D. Corbin, Carla M. D’Antonio, and Susan J. Bainbridge

in Experimental Approaches to Conservation Biology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240247
eISBN:
9780520930636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240247.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter evaluates the efficiency of experimental techniques in reducing invasive plant species in California grassland ecosystems. It discusses native plant restoration approaches, focusing on ... More


Ecology of Invasive Non-native Species in California Grassland

Carla M. D’antonio, Carolyn Malmstrom, Sally A. Reynolds, and John Gerlach

in California Grasslands: Ecology and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252202
eISBN:
9780520933972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252202.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Non-native species are widespread and abundant in California grasslands. This chapter provides an overview of the nature of these invaders, their distribution within California, factors influencing ... More


California Grassland Restoration

Mark R. Stromberg, Carla M. D’antonio, Truman P. Young, Jeanne Wirka, and Paul R. Kephart

in California Grasslands: Ecology and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252202
eISBN:
9780520933972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252202.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Restoration is the complex set of efforts to reverse or mitigate effects of human activity on the landscape. Restoration of California grasslands is now under way at many sites. This chapter ... More


WEEDS, GENE FLOW, AND THE ENVIRONMENT

Pamela C. Ronald and Raoul W. Adamchak

in Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195301755
eISBN:
9780199867196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301755.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter offers a discussion of why many weeds spread invasively whereas most crops and native species do not. It also looks into pollen flow from genetically engineered crops.


The Alien Species in Twentieth-Century Britain: Inventing a New Vermin*

T. C. Smout

in Exploring Environmental History: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748635139
eISBN:
9780748651375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635139.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Much recent conservation management in the United Kingdom (and indeed throughout the world) is concerned, implicitly or explicitly, with the distinction between a native and a non-native species. The ... More


Invasive Species

Arnold G. van der Valk

in The Biology of Freshwater Wetlands

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608942
eISBN:
9780191774805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608942.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

An exotic or native species from one continent may spread quickly and dominate wetlands in another continent. Such species are known as invasive species and may displace other native species in ... More


Biodiversity and invasive species

Lawrence R. Walker

in The Biology of Disturbed Habitats

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575299
eISBN:
9780191774836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575299.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Disturbance alters biodiversity directly by removing species and their functions or by altering their rates of reproduction or mortality. Indirect effects include altering species interactions, ... More


Extending Species’ Ranges

Emily W. B. Russell Southgate

in People and the Land through Time: Linking Ecology and History, Second Edition

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780300225808
eISBN:
9780300249590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300225808.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter considers movement of species over time. Many land managers and ecologists consider invasive species to be the most important factor in disrupting "natural" ecosystems today, at least in ... More


Confronting the Marine Invasive Species Threat: Practical and Legal Challenges

Stephanie Showalter Otts

in Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law: U.S. and International Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199368747
eISBN:
9780199368761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199368747.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

This chapter provides an overview of marine invasions and the environmental concerns surrounding the introduction and spread of marine invasive species. The existing legal and policy framework for ... More


Exotic Plant Management in California Annual Grasslands

Joseph M. Ditomaso, Stephen F. Enloe, and Michael J. Pitcairn

in California Grasslands: Ecology and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252202
eISBN:
9780520933972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252202.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses the annual grassland systems occupying the coastal ranges, central valley, and Sierra Nevada foothills, describing the common non-native invasive species in California Valley ... More


Genes on the Range: Population Genetics

Kevin J. Rice and Erin K. Espeland

in California Grasslands: Ecology and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252202
eISBN:
9780520933972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252202.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses the population biology and ecological genetics of native species within California grasslands, providing many important insights into the processes of microevolutionary change ... More


The Impact of Marine Invasive Species on Endangered Species Protection Efforts in a Changing Ocean Environment

Eric V. Hull

in Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law: U.S. and International Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199368747
eISBN:
9780199368761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199368747.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

The Endangered Species Act (ESA) was enacted to promote the conservation of threatened and endangered plants and animals and to preserve their critical habitats. Invasive species continue to ... More


Life-History Evolution in Native and Introduced Populations

Robert F. Denno, Merrill A. Peterson, Matthew R. Weaver, and David J. Hawthorne

in Specialization, Speciation, and Radiation: The Evolutionary Biology of Herbivorous Insects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251328
eISBN:
9780520933828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251328.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Many of the best examples of rapid directional selection of life-history traits involve invasive species. The evolution of such traits in introduced populations may be rapid in part because some ... More


Multiple Causes for Declining Amphibian Populations

Andrew R. Blaustein, Audrey C. Hatch, Lisa K. Belden, and Joseph M. Kiesecker

in Experimental Approaches to Conservation Biology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240247
eISBN:
9780520930636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240247.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on studies that incorporate experimental evidence to address the amphibian population decline phenomenon. It discusses the major causes of global amphibian declines, such as ... More


Changes in the Butterfly and Moth Fauna

Les Ferge

in The Vanishing Present: Wisconsin's Changing Lands, Waters, and Wildlife

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226871714
eISBN:
9780226871745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226871745.003.0023
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter explores what is known about and what is likely happening to Wisconsin's moths and butterflies. Many species of Lepidoptera can serve as extraordinarily sensitive indicators of ... More


Introduced species are not always the enemy of conservation

Martin A. Schlaepfer

in Effective Conservation Science: Data Not Dogma

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198808978
eISBN:
9780191846687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808978.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter tells the story of how a few biologists came to question whether non-native species were being objectively evaluated with regard to their threat to biodiversity and ecosystems. The ... More


Water Relations

Kimberly J. Reever morghan, Jeffrey D. Corbin, and John Gerlach

in California Grasslands: Ecology and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252202
eISBN:
9780520933972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252202.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter identifies the ecological factors that influence the availability of water to California grasslands, including abiotic and biotic influences, and describes the extent to which soil water ... More


The Biology of Disturbed Habitats

Lawrence R. Walker

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575299
eISBN:
9780191774836
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575299.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book is a global synthesis of the concepts needed to understand and manage ecological responses to all types of terrestrial and aquatic disturbances. Natural disturbances such as volcanoes, ... More


Invasive Aquatic Species

Julie A. Coetzee, Martin P. Hill, Andreas Hussner, Ana L. Nunes, and Olaf L.F. Weyl

in Freshwater Ecology and Conservation: Approaches and Techniques

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198766384
eISBN:
9780191820908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198766384.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Freshwater ecosystems are particularly susceptible to invasions by invasive non-native species (INNS) across a range of taxa, largely as a consequence of anthropogenic influences on these systems, ... More


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